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William Shakespeare & # 39; Romeo & Juliet & # 39; facts



It is safe to say that there are few people on earth who do not know the story of Romeo and Juliet . William Shakespeare's tragic story of two lovers with star crosses has been adapted hundreds, if not thousands of times, over the years, and not always exactly in the bard's own words. There were music versions, opera reissues and more than 100 film and TV versions of the play. While George Cukor's 1936 film, Franco Zeffirelli's 1968 film, and Baz Luhrmann's modern (1996) adaptation are some of the best-known interpretations of the Montagues-Capulets rivalry, West Side Story is yet another take on history. What is this 1

6th century piece that has impressed readers and audiences so much? Read on to learn more about William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet .

. 1 William Shakespeare was not the first to write about the Montagues and the Capulets.

The Montagues and the Capulets – the two families at the center of family rivalries that make Romeo and Julia's love an impossible predicament – walked around long before William Shakespeare caught them. In "Divine Comedy," the epic poem that Dante has written for more than 10 years, he mentions the following:

"Come and see whoever is negligent, Montagues and Capulets, Monaldi and Filippeschi: / Already grieving a lot, the other in fear. / Come, you crueler, come and see the plight of your noble families and cleanse their rottenness. "

Dante's" Divine Comedy "was even written more than 250 years before Shakespeare wrote.

. 2 Romeo and Juliet are based on a poem by Arthur Brooke.

In Shakespeare's time it was perfectly normal to catch up with ideas from other writers, so it is not surprising that the story of Romeo and Juliet ] is not exactly an original. The Bard was based on the main characters of Arthur Brooke's poem "The Tragic History of Romeus and Juliet" (1562).

Similar to Shakespeare's narrative, Brooke's poem plays in Verona, Italy. According to the British Library, Brooke's poem describes the "deadly" feud between two wealthy noble families – Capulet and Montague. Against this background of "black hatred" he tells the "unfortunate" story of a handsome teenager, Romeus Montague, whose heart is captured by the wise and graceful Julia Capulet. "

. 3 It was not always Romeo and Juliet .

When first published Romeo and Juliet had a much more meaningful – and much longer – title: The Greatest and Most Unfortunate Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet .

. 4 The first release of Romeo and Juliet is considered an unauthorized version of the play.

Romeo and Juliet was originally published in 1597 in the First Quarter. But Shakespeare scholars have long argued that this version of the piece was not only incomplete, but unauthorized. The 1599 version, published in the second quarter, is the version of Romeo and Juliet that we all know and love today.

. 5 The end of Romeo and Juliet was no surprise.

Romeo and Juliet begin with a prologue that tells the reader exactly where the piece is going:

Two households, both in dignity,

In beautiful Verona, where we depict our scene,

From ancient grudges to new mutiny,

Where civilian blood makes civilian hands unclean.

Of the fatal loins of these two enemies

A pair of lovers with a star cross take their own lives;

His wretched mishaps

Their deaths bury their parents' quarrels.

The anxious passage of their death-defying love,

And the continuation of their parents' anger,

Which, but the end of their children, that could not eliminate anything,

is now the two-hour traffic on our stage;

The ones you attend with patient ears

What is missing here is to heal our trouble.

So much for the tension! However, the prologue offers the actors the opportunity to enter the details of the very wide strokes of the first lines of the piece.

. 6 Julia is only 13 years old.

We know that Romeo and Juliet are a young couple – but it's easy to miss how is the young Julia. In Act I, Scene III, Lady Capulet says that Julia is "not [yet] fourteen". She is actually only about two weeks before her 14th birthday. Romeo's exact age is never stated.

. 7 The courtship of the couple was indeed a whirlwind.

Talk about a whirlwind romance! Since we know that Julia is only 13 years old, her impetuosity seems to be more understandable. Romeo and Juliet, however, have known each other less than 24 hours since their meeting until their marriage.

. 8 There is no balcony in Romeo's and Juliet's "Balcony Scene".

One of Romeo's and Juliet's most famous moments is what became known as "Balcony Scene". There is only one problem: The word Balcony is never mentioned in Shakespeare's play. There is also a good reason for this: According to Merriam-Webster, the earliest known use of the term, originally Balcone did not appear until 1618 – more than 20 years after Shakespeare wrote. Romeo and Juliet . According to the play, the scene plays in Capulet's orchard when "Julia appears at the top of a window".

. 9 Only in 1662 did a woman play the role of Julia.

As everyone knows, saw Shakespeare in Love in the days of the Bard and until 1660 all stage roles were played by men. But in 1662, actress Mary Saunderson entered the stage as Julia; It is believed that she is the first woman to play the iconic role.

10th A writer dared to give Romeo and Juliet a happy ending.

The Irish poet and lyricist Nahum Tate, who became England's poet laureate in 1692, had a penchant for playing around with Shakespeare's words. In addition to the recast of Shakespeare's King Lear as The story of King Lear in which he tackled a happy end to the tragedy (Cordelia married Edgar), he did the same with Romeo and Julia . In contrast to his version of King Lear which became quite popular, his alternative ending for Romeo and Juliet did not seem to have stayed.

. 11 A theater director has deleted Rosaline from the play.

When we meet Romeo for the first time, it's not Julia, but another woman, Rosaline, whom the young Lothario has targeted. Then he meets Juliet and all bets are closed. In staging his own version of Romeo and Juliet in 1748, the actor / playwright David Garrick decided to completely lose the character of Rosaline, believing that this was the effect of Romeo's love for Julia would lessen and make him seem "moody". "

12th Romeo has become the abbreviation for a male lover.

Romeo and Juliet have had lasting influence on the English language, including the popularization of words such as Ladybug and phrases such as Wild Goose Chase . But also Romeo has its own dictionary entry: In addition to its definition as "the hero of Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet who dies out of love for Juliet" by Merriam-Webster, Romeo has also become Term "male lover" developed.

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