Similar to Queen Elizabeth II, Queen Victoria was never expected to ascend the British throne. The young queen, known as Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent, was born on May 24, 1819 and defied all odds when she became Queen Victoria on June 20, 1837, less than a month after her 18th birthday.
Victoria ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for more than 60 years and assumed the title of Empress of India in 1876. Victoria did not oversee her empire alone. In 1840 she married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and together they had nine children (including Victoria’s successor, King Edward VII). Here are 1
1. Queen Victoria was born fifth on the throne, making her an unlikely ruler.
When Victoria was born, she was fifth on the throne, right behind her father, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who was behind his three older brothers (none of whom had live children – or at least no legitimate ones). Victoria’s position as successor brought her to Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, her father’s younger brother, which turned out to be problematic.
When Victoria’s father died on On January 23, 1820, the future queen was barely eight months old. And when her grandfather George III. Only a week later died, the death of third was on the throne, which Ernest Augustus reportedly infuriated. Fear for her daughter’s safety, Victoria’s mother decided to avert her from the influence of Prince Edward’s family – especially when rumors circulated that Ernest Augustus had plans to murder his young niece to ensure that he, not her, would rise to the throne. It didn’t matter whether these rumors were true or not; On June 20, 1837, 18-year-old Princess Alexandrina Victoria became Queen Victoria after the death of her uncle William, Duke of Clarence.
2. Queen Victoria was the first ruler to rule from Buckingham Palace.
In 1761 Buckingham Palace was not yet a palace – it was simply a house. King George III Bought the property for his wife, Queen Charlotte, to use it as a family home. But when King George IV took over, he had bigger aspirations and decided to create an extravagant palace; The cost rose to £ 500,000 (or more than $ 65 million in today’s dollars). However, George IV died in 1830, which meant that he was not even allowed to live in the palace. When Queen Victoria took over in 1837, she ruled as the first ruler from Buckingham Palace. In 1851 she was the first recorded queen to appear on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, a tradition that the royal family continues to this day.
3. Queen Victoria survived eight attacks.
Being in public has its advantages and disadvantages, and for Queen Victoria this meant being the frequent target of attacks. During her reign, she survived eight of them. In 1840 Edward Oxford shot Victoria and Prince Albert while driving in a carriage. Fortunately, the then pregnant Victoria was not injured. (Oxford was later judged to be insane.)
Two years later, John Francis tried to shoot the couple not just once, but twice – two days in a row. No one was hurt again. Just five weeks later, a teenager named John William Bean fired a pistol loaded with pieces of tobacco pipe at the queen. In 1850, she was finally injured when ex-soldier Robert Pate hit her over the head with an iron stick while she was spending time in the yard of her house. Godfather gave her a black eye and a scar that lasted a long time.
4. Queen Victoria met Prince Albert for the first time on her 17th birthday.
In May 1836, on Victoria’s 17th birthday, Prince Albert and the future queen – the first cousins - met for the first time when Albert and his brother visited Kensington Palace with their uncle Leopold. (Albert would be 17 in August.) “He looks very good,” Victoria wrote in her diary about the prince. But it would take almost four years for the couple to tie the knot. And because royal rule provided that a ruling monarch could not be proposed, Victoria had to be the one to ask the question. On October 15, 1839, Victoria proposed Albert, who happily accepted. The couple married on February 10, 1840.
5. Queen Victoria popularized the white wedding dress.
If you have ever wondered where the tradition of white wedding dress comes from, Queen Victoria is the place for you. In 1840, Victoria wore a strapless white satin dress that was covered with lace when she married Prince Albert. Although Victoria was not the first queen to wear a white wedding dress – Mary, the Scots queen, also wore white – the wearing of white became a status symbol after Victoria and Albert’s wedding.
6. Queen Victoria made sure that no other bride could replicate her wedding dress.
After Victoria’s wedding, she had the pattern of her dress destroyed so that no one could copy it.
7. Queen Victoria had nine children but had some tough opinions about motherhood.
Nine children are many, and even though the queen had a lot of help, motherhood sometimes seemed indifferent to her. In personal letters, she wrote about her children, mostly about her appearance. She once wrote: “I am generally not an admirer of babies – there are exceptions – for example (your sisters) Alice and Beatrice were very pretty from the start – you too – more like that – also Arthur … Bertie and Leopold – too terrible. Little girls are always prettier and nicer. “She also said,” An ugly baby is a very bad object. “
8. Queen Victoria was fascinated by Jack the Ripper.
In 1888, serial killer Jack the Ripper in the Whitechapel district of London brutally murdered women – mostly prostitutes. Victoria received a petition signed by the women from East London asking the “authority officers” to close “bad houses”, also known as brothels, and forwarded them to the Home Office. When the last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, was killed, Victoria contacted the prime minister and urged that better detectives be hired.
9. Queen Victoria’s grandson was suspected Be Jack the Ripper.
To date, no one knows exactly who Jack the Ripper was. However, some people have assumed that Victoria’s grandson Prince Albert Victor was the killer. In the 1976 book Jack the Ripper: The final resultThe author Stephen Knight wrote about how Victoria’s grandson could have got syphilis from a prostitute, which made him crazy. Another theory is that the grandson secretly married a Catholic citizen and fathered a child, and it was the royal family who murdered the women to cover up the family secret. (Yes, that seems a bit of a stretch.)
10. Queen Victoria served as her grandson’s alibi.
Queen Victoria gave her grandson an alibi in her diary and freed him from accusations of being one of the most famous serial killers in the world.
11. Queen Victoria is the second longest reigning British monarch.
For 51 years, Victoria held the longest reigning British monarch. But on September 9, 2015, Queen Elizabeth II took the reins, so to speak, and pushed Victoria into second place. Victoria ruled for 63 years, 7 months and 3 days; Elizabeth – Victoria’s great-great-granddaughter – has ruled for almost 68 years.
12. Queen Victoria mourned Prince Albert for 40 years.
Prince Albert had stomach cramps a few years before his death and almost died in a horse-drawn carriage accident. He told Victoria that his days were numbered: “I’m sure if I had a serious illness I should give up immediately. I shouldn’t be fighting for my life. I have no stubbornness for life, ”he said.
On December 14, 1861, Albert succumbed to typhoid, although some people believe that stomach cancer and Crohn’s disease were the most likely culprits. Victoria blamed her son Edward for Albert’s death as Albert was concerned about a scandalous affair that Edward was said to have had with an actress in Ireland.
Victoria lived another 40 years and mourned the rest of her life for Albert’s death by wearing black, becoming a hermit (often referred to as Windsor’s widow) and keeping Albert’s room as he had left her.