Tomorrow is Thanksgiving, and instead of publishing such a list on the actual day of the celebrations, it makes more sense to publish it today so you are well prepared with the myth-destroying facts that you can share with your families and loved ones !  See also: 10 Ways Not to Imagine the Story of Thanksgiving
Almost everything taught to American children about the First Thanksgiving Day is a lie. This is not to say that the teachers of America lied to their students – they were taught the same lies when they went to school. Unfortunately, the story is often told in a different light than centuries ago, and that's why what we know about Thanksgiving today is mostly a myth.
The holiday is celebrated every year in the United States, and many other countries have their own Thanksgiving celebrations, but how much do you really know about the first one? There was not even US when it happened. Why are we celebrating it now? There are a lot of interesting facts about this celebration, but these are some of the most intriguing facts that you believed to be true.
0 The pilgrims left England for the New World
For starters, no one on the Mayflower or the first harvest festival called themselves pilgrims. This name was first associated with European settlers at the end of the 19th century. The pilgrims, as we call them today, called themselves either Brownists, Saints or, more often, Separatists because they did not agree with the teachings of the Church of England. Their reason for leaving their homeland was their belief that the Church of England violated the biblical principles of true Christians. Since the Church of England was the law of the land in their native England, the separatists had to flee or were accused of betrayal.
The separatists did not originally flee from England to the New World either. When several of their church leaders were executed, many of them fled England for Holland. They remained in the region for a decade before aging and unemployment issues threatened their sustainability. Eventually, the community successfully applied for a land grant north of the territory of Virginia, which they would call New England. They joined others fleeing England and sailed in September 1620 with 102 passengers eager to settle the New World. By December, they had arrived and started to locate an area called Patuxet, which they called Plymouth. 
9 The first harvest festival was called "Thanksgiving"
1621, something is not right at this festival. For one, the pilgrims did not think it was a "harvest festival" in the traditional sense, nor did they call it that. As early as the 17th century, settlers saw a Thanksgiving holiday as a solemn religious day, when a group of people gathered to worship as a community. There were some elements of the festival that could be attributed to a Puritan Thanksgiving, but no one there or even in this period would have called it as such.
The Autumn Festival took place over three days, and it did not. I will not be a holiday for more than 200 years. Since Thanksgiving was once a religious holiday, it was celebrated at different times in different places. It took an official proclamation from President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 to mark the last Thursday in November as the American Thanksgiving. This happened during the height of the American Civil War, and its proclamation was designed to unite Lincoln's "fellow citizens in all parts of the United States, and those who are at sea and in foreign lands." 
8 The First Thanksgiving was the first Thanksgiving
When people looked back to the Thanksgiving Festival of 1621, they found it was reminiscent of their own Thanksgiving Day. For this reason, they retrospectively called the event of 1621 the first Thanksgiving, but it was neither the first nor a true Thanksgiving. The settlers and the Wampanoags gathered to attend a harvest festival traditionally known as the Harvest Festival. This was unique in any culture. The Native Americans have been celebrating the harvest for centuries, as have the English and many other cultures around the world.
Another Thanksgiving misunderstanding has to do with when it happened. Hardly any culture celebrates the harvest in November, but then Thanksgiving takes place in the US every year. The harvest celebration in 1621 was probably in September or possibly in early October, but certainly not as late as November. The pilgrims offered their harvest, which consisted almost exclusively of vegetables. The holiday was formally fixed by President George Washington in 1789 in November, but remained unofficial until Lincoln declared it a federal holiday almost a century later. 
7 It's all about Turkey
Modern Thanksgiving meals are not complete without the traditional centerpiece dish: a nice turkey. The bird can be roasted, roasted and even stuffed with a duck, but no matter which method you and your family use, it is essential to have a turkey – Tofurkys do not count! It is unlikely that the turkey was served on Thanksgiving Day because the pilgrims lacked a stove. Not much is known about what the colonists ate that day, but it is known that the Native Americans brought five deer, but no turkeys. The presence of venison is well known, thanks to the abundance of letters describing it, as hunting deer at that time was illegal in England. It is certainly possible that they ate turkey, but although the birds in the area were widespread at the time, there is no historical evidence that this was included in the feast.
There are tons of other foods that are related to Thanksgiving these days. There were no apples, pears, sweet potatoes, potatoes or cakes because they lacked flour and butter. Turkey took part in Thanksgiving celebrations when Lincoln made a holiday out of it. Before this proclamation, neither the bird nor the pilgrims participated in the Thanksgiving ceremonies. In 1863, New England's cooking began to influence the rest of the country, and from then on Thanksgiving Meals required the annual sacrifice of the unfortunate but tasty birds. 
6 Invited Native American Guests
One of the most significant aspects of Thanksgiving history is the presence of some 90 Native Americans in Wampanoag. In almost all reports – especially in early childhood education – the colonists invited the local tribe to celebrate with them. This was done to show unity and neighborliness, but mainly to thank the natives who had taught the pilgrims how to plant and harvest the local crops. There is something true and a little fiction scattered in these stories. There were about 90 natives present and they were invited to the celebrations, but there is no indication that they were invited by the pilgrims.
Since the story is the way it is, there are conflicting stories that describe what really happened during the festival. "Some reports say that about 90 Wampanoag the settlers heard firing firearms and came to see the reason for the excitement or even to go to battle." Whatever the reason for their appearance, the settlers greeted them with open arms. It is possible that Massasoit, leader of the Wampanoag, was there to make a diplomatic call, but this is also unconfirmed, although it is clear that nothing in the historical records describes an invitation of any kind. 
5 First Thanksgiving Day Celebration of Friendship
When we gather around the table every November to celebrate Thanksgiving, most families describe what they are grateful for this year. It is possible that the colonists did the same, but in reality, the celebration of the harvest was probably a serious matter. When they first arrived in the New World, passengers aboard the Mayflower stayed aboard the ship during the harsh winter. Half of them died, but more than half of the 19 women who boarded the Mayflower survived the brutal winter.
The Wampanoags eventually helped the settlers survive by teaching them how to hunt local game, fish their waters, and grow corn, beans and pumpkin. They were able to communicate through an English-speaking Abenaki named Samoset, who helped form an alliance with the local tribe. There was definitely a lot to thank during the celebrations, but with half of their people away, it was likely that most of the people were grim and grateful that they were alive. One thing is certain, it was not a celebration of the friendship between the natives and the pilgrims. rather, their recording was mostly coincidental. 
4 The pilgrims wore black buckles everywhere
In almost every depiction of the first thanksgiving festival, and indeed every depiction of the people we call pilgrims, they wear black clothes, which is adorned with buckles on their hats, belts and shoes. This portrayal of the pilgrims is not entirely accurate and may date from the Victorian romanticization of the time about 200 years later. The all-black look seems bound to her Puritan nature, but he could not be further from the truth. Women in the pilgrimage society wore white long-sleeved underwear, which was worn under a petticoat and a dress that was usually violet, green, blue, red, or any colored cloth that the ladies could get at the time.
Men's outfits generally consisted of a white collar shirt worn under a jerkin. The doublet could be black, but it could also be blue, brown, or a similar dark color. The pants would be worn either as breeches or as a drawer and knee-length, colored stockings. The shoes were low or high cut leather boots of typical brown color. Apart from wearing bright, colorful clothes, the most striking feature of modern depictions of pilgrims was the buckle, nowhere to be seen. Some men might have buckles on their belts (if they wore them), but they were not attached to their hats or their shoes. 
3 The First Thanksgiving took place in a large log
When the pilgrims and Indians sat down to break bread for the so-called First Thanksgiving, they did so outside. There are tons of illustrations of the party enjoying a feast in the log cabin or in front of a log cabin, but there were no log houses at least in the 17th century, the English had never heard of it, and there was no record of it until the 1770s , If you visit Plimoth Plantation in Massachusetts today, you'll see exactly where the pilgrims used to be when they started their colony, and it was not log cabins.
The pilgrims mastered the construction of wooden shingles made from sawn timber. The roofs were made of straw, packed tightly to keep out the sun, wind, and rain. They used cut grass and reeds from the local swamps, bundled them and laid them on the roof. Similarly, they made the walls of a frame of small sticks called wickerwork. They used mortar made of clay, mud and grass, which they pushed into the mesh to create a smooth, gypsum-like wall that resembles the gravel in modern homes. As for the Thanksgiving dinner arrangements, they had outdoor tables where they enjoyed a meal with the Indians. 
2 The pilgrims were a zealous and exaggeratedly religious group.
These days we see pilgrims as a puritanical society of highly conservative people, but this kind of puritanical lifestyle is better attributed to nineteenth-century Puritans. In the seventeenth century, the Puritans were not so, and portrayals of them as a kind of religious cult that never ventured on anything funny are far from the reality of their lifestyles. "The Puritans' attitude to sabbatists, antiliquors, and anti-sexists is complementary to the much more moderate and healthy view of the evils of life that New England's early settlers had."
Life for the pilgrims was difficult and required a lot of work, but that does not mean that they could not have fun. They were not against the marriage copulation, as some portrayals testify, and they were not dressed in monotonous outfits all the time. They enjoyed singing and dancing whenever time allowed, and when things went well, they held a feast, and this tradition ensured that the 17th-century Puritans remained part of the modern Thanksgiving tradition , They may not have looked or acted as we believe today, but they loved a good party whenever possible. 
1 The pilgrims unite on Thanksgiving after a series of conflicts
It is undeniable that the Wampanoag tribe in the Indian Federation suffered in the years after the first harvest festival But modern interpretations and media descriptions of the event have refused to shine anything but a negative light on their relationship. Yes, they got involved in the Pequot war later, but before that conflict the pilgrims and Indians had a peaceful time near each other. Members of the Wampanoag helped the pilgrims build their homes and even showed them the best places to catch fish. So cod landed on the menu at their three-day celebration, which we consider today as the first harvest festival.
No Only when the pilgrims and Wampanoags did not fight in the early 1620s did they have a peace treaty. The leader of the Wampanoag, Ousamequin (he was known among the pilgrims as Massasoit), negotiated a peace treaty with several key points: no party would harm the members of the others, if any objects were stolen, he would be returned with their own persons, who Handle punishment. Weapons would be left behind if they met for any reason and they would serve as ally of each other during a wartime. Eventually the peace was broken, but it was in effect before, during, and for many years after the first Thanksgiving Day.