The death of famous people is one of the most discussed events in history. Over the years, sensational stories have been added to the history books, often with sensational details and speculation. However, a lack of basic medical knowledge in the past has led to many misunderstandings about how the greatest men and women in history ended.
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Modern historical and medical analysis has questioned many of the causes of death that were once considered factual. A better understanding of diseases and an in-depth study of first-hand reports from this period have led to new theories about the deaths of some of the world's best known people.
0 Edgar Allen Poe: Cooping or Rabies?
The famous American writer Edgar Allen Poe was found on election day 1847 on his way through the streets of Baltimore. He was insane and wore a stranger's clothes. He died in a local hospital a few days later. He was forty years old and never coherent enough to say what happened to him. One of the most accepted theories that developed was that Poe suffered a cooping incident. This was a practice of taking men off the streets and taking them to different polling stations to repeatedly vote for the same candidate. The fact that Poe appeared to be drugged and dressed strangely contributed to this theory. However, the author may have been too well known for this scheme to work.
It was discussed that Poe was an alcoholic during his life and this could have contributed to his death, although his friends have strongly disputed this. A recent theory suggests that Poe may have actually died from rabies. He showed many of the main symptoms of the disease, including confusion and difficulty swallowing. It is unknown which animal came too close to the author. Say the raven: "It wasn't me!" 
9 George Herbert: King Tut's Curse or Lung Infection?
George Herbert, an English count, is known as the patron saint of the expedition to discover the tomb of the Egyptian king Tutankhamun. Many people, including Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, warned him that disturbing the grave would draw the "curse of the mummy" on him. Herbert died just over a month after entering the grave, which prompted speculation that he had become a victim of King Tut's anger. Some, including Conan Doyle, believed that the Egyptians left a poison behind when they sealed it.
Others believed that it may have been exposed to poisonous mushrooms that had developed over the centuries. The truth seems a lot less dramatic. Herbert accidentally cut off a mosquito bite with his razor, which led to a skin infection. This developed into pneumonia, for which Herbert was already susceptible with a weakened immune system. Could King Tut have sent the insect from beyond the grave as punishment? That remains a mystery. 
8 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Poisoned by a rival or strep throat?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is considered one of the greatest classical composers of all time. He worked on his compositions until his death, including his requiem, a kind of piece meant to honor the dead. Until recently, however, Mozart had been murdered by a rival. The stage play and the film "Amadeus" helped to continue this idea and named Antonio Salieri as the culprit.
However, a study by European epidemiologists in 2009 offered a new theory. After examining historical death certificates from Mozart's homeland in Vienna, they noticed an increase in the deaths of young men in the city around Mozart's death. The new theory says that Mozart got streptococcal infection during an epidemic in the city. The history books could owe Mr. Salieri an apology. 
7 Vincent Van Gogh: Suicide or Accidental Shooting?
Vincent Van Gogh is one of the most famous painters of all time and his reputation as a tormented soul is well known. The basic facts of his death are set. One morning he left the hostel where he lived to paint in a field. Late that night in 1890, he stumbled back with a bullet wound to his chest and died two days later. His brother Theo, who was at his bed when he died, reported that Van Gogh said he shot himself. This was long seen as an explanation for his death. He suffered from mental illness throughout his life, including the famous incident in which he chopped off his ear.
However, modern historians are now discussing a new theory that Van Gogh was accidentally shot by a local boy who often tortured the strange artist. Van Gogh may have claimed that he shot himself to protect the boy from being arrested. This theory is supported by the fact that Van Gogh's painting equipment and weapon have disappeared from the field where the shooting took place and that Van Gogh, a religious man, claimed that he had been morally against suicide in the past.  6 Napoleon Bonaparte: stomach cancer or arsenic poisoning?
Europe's great emperor had been forced to withdraw from his conquest life in 1815 to a quiet life in exile on the island of St. Helena. He got pain, digestive problems and sweating. The group of doctors sitting by his bed all agreed that he had died of stomach cancer that had previously been seen in his family. On his deathbed, however, Napoleon proclaimed that the British had poisoned him. His British kidnappers would have benefited from the death of the famous French general, and there is some scientific evidence to support Napoleon's claim.
In modern tests, deadly arsenic values were found in Napoleon's hair. Similar high values were also found in his family's hair. Arsenic was common in many household items at the time, so it is possible that he simply ingested too much poison during his stay on St. Helena. The French government will not allow his body to be exhumed, so this mystery may remain unsolved. 
5 Alexander the Great: malaria or genetic disorder?
Alexander the Great created a huge empire across Eurasia, including twenty cities named after him. It is reported that a Hindu prophet and counselor, Calanus, spoke his last words to Alexander: "We will see each other again in Babylon". Nobody would understand what he meant until Alexander died in Babylon shortly afterwards at the age of 32. He suffered from pain and partial paralysis for almost two weeks until he died in 323 BC. Chr died. When he finally died, he showed no signs of decay for over six days, which solidified the idea that he was not just a king, but actually a god. His lack of decomposition could be one of the greatest clues to Alexander's fate.
Throughout history, it has been believed that he succumbed to tropical diseases, possibly malaria or typhoid, during his military travels. Many also believed that his many political rivals could poison him. However, new research results point to a new theory. Alexander may have Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), an autoimmune disease that leads to paralysis and death. He may have shown no signs of deterioration for days because he was not yet dead, just paralyzed. 
4 William II: hunting accident or murder?
The English king William II, known for his red hair William Spitzus, enjoyed the classic noble pastime of hunting. It was one of those hunting trips that led to his death. During this expedition in 1100, an arrow was shot through William's lungs and killed him. Who exactly shot the king is unknown, although reports mention a man named Walter Tirel. The group of nobles who were with him returned home without his body and reported the incident as an accident.
The seemingly accidental death of such a powerful man raised a few eyebrows, especially since William's brother Henry had the entire kingdom to win with his brother's death. Henry quickly took the throne after his death and was a member of William's hunting party that day. Was his death a tragic accident or an assassination attempt planned by Tirel and Henry? 
3 Joseph Stalin: stroke or political rival?
Joseph Stalin was one of the most brutal leaders of all time, responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of his own citizens. His own death was not violent. The staff in his country house checked him in after not hearing from him for hours. They found him in dirty clothes on the floor of his bedroom, a glass of water was spilled next to him. It took them almost ten hours to call a doctor, fearing the dictator's anger, if it turned out to be weak. When help arrived, Stalin was partially paralyzed and had extremely high blood pressure. He later vomited blood before he died and the Soviet Union fell into chaos.
The local doctors decided that it was a stroke. However, Stalin had many enemies who believed that they could take power after his death. Several of his employees had visited him in the days leading up to his death and were reportedly drinking wine together. There has been some speculation among modern historians that one of them may have put a blood thinner in their wine that would have closely mimicked the symptoms of a stroke. A fittingly bad end for a bad man. 
2 Allan Pinkerton: Bitten tongue or malaria?
Allan Pinkerton is synonymous with espionage, and the detective agency he founded has set the precedent for intelligence agencies and crime investigators for centuries to come. He saved the newly elected President Lincoln from an assassination attempt in 1861. Pinkerton was even responsible for the term "private eye", which arose from the logo of an eye by the Pinkerton agency and the slogan "We Never Sleep". For many years it was believed that Pinkerton suffered a death that the pizzazz of his career lacked. It was reported that when he walked with his dog, he stumbled and bit his tongue and later died of a burn.
However, modern interpretations suggest that Pinkerton actually died of malaria, which he caught on a trip to the southern part of the United States. It was also suspected that he died of a stroke that he had suffered a year before his death. Whatever happened to Pinkerton, his private detective agency is still in operation today. 
1 Pablo Neruda: cancer or poison?
Pablo Neruda was a Nobel laureate, politician and poet when he died twelve days after Chile's military takeover in 1973. In his official death certificate, his cause of death is listed as cancer cachexia, but Neruda lacked the main symptom of this type of cancer death: extreme weight loss. In fact, the doctors described him as obese at the time of his death. Neruda's political activism may have been a problem for the new regime in the country, and he may have been murdered as a result. Six men were arrested in 2009 for poisoning the former Chilean president around the same time that Neruda died.
The president's death was originally recorded as a septic shock, but was found to be poisoned by thallium and mustard gas. In 2013, Neruda's chauffeur revealed that the poet had called him from the hospital and that an unknown person had injected him in the stomach. A panel of 16 scientists unanimously decided in 2017 that Neruda had not died of cancer, but the true cause of death has not been determined.