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Top 10 fascinating things that make ice cream incredible

The cold cubes in your soda deserve a hat tip. They are made of capable stuff that produces mysterious feats such as emerald icebergs in the Antarctic and ice volcanoes in space.

The frosty miracle can also move in nanoseconds, hiding things for millions of years and becoming a material of choice in an atomic catastrophe. Ice is celebrated all over the world – from China to Norway, where festivals bring out the true splendor and madness of this natural wonder.

10 Long-Lasting Ice Pop

A hot day can melt an ice pop so fast that you lick your hand more than the snack. In 2018, a British company announced the answer. They called it the first "non-melting ice lolly" in the world.

In truth, it melts. To be more positive, it takes hours longer than usual. The company Bompas & Parr is known for quirky foods like flavored fireworks. Her solution to the irritating drop of ice was smart.

In World War II, Geoffrey Pyke invented pykrete, ice that contains groundwood and sawdust. Pike imagined that aircraft carriers could be built from the material. Winston Churchill supported him. However, when the project was too expensive and closed, Pike committed suicide. He could not foresee the influence of his invention on the non-melting lollipop.

The Pykrete inspired the main concept of snack for heat tolerance – fruit fibers. Although it sounds simple, the Ice Pop needed a year to develop and was made available to the public in apple flavor. Thanks to the fiber content, this Ice Pop is a bit chewier than usual. [1]

9 The Giant Spinning Disk

In Maine, winter 2019 was a pleasure in the Presumpscot River. Near a bend in the river, a slice of ice swirled. With a diameter of 100 meters it was strong.

Turning slowly counterclockwise, the vortex was unusual, but not unique. The right circumstances will produce one right there and then. A large vortex in which a river normally kinks traps ice cubes.

The one in Maine probably began with fragments of ice tracing the egg-like rotation of the vortex. As the pieces continued to arrive from upstream, the ice was compressed by whirling and bumping against the shoreline. It froze to a solid plate. As the vortex continued to spin and rub against the shores, the disc became circular. [2]

The Presumpscot River has probably produced similar ice wheels in the past, and in 1993 it passed in North Dakota. The Sheyenne River produced a slice (smaller than the one in Maine) when the ice was collected on a vortex.

8 Destruction of Larsen B

Larsen B was a ice shelf in the Antarctic. The remarkable structure for its stability was around 10,000 years old. In 2002, it collapsed within a few weeks. Around 3,250 square kilometers of ice fell into the ocean, the first time that volume disappeared so quickly.

The only clue was a dramatic one. Over the past few months, more than 2,000 lakes have sprung up on the shelves. These meltwater lakes are normal for the summer season when ice melts and accumulates in basins. Since a reservoir can hold over a million tons of water, the researchers wondered if Larsen B collapsed due to its weight.

In 2016 the theory was tested. During the melt season, several basins on the McMurdo ice shelf approached with gauges. The data showed that lakes filling with molten metal turned the shelf. [3]

McMurdo survived the season. During a hypothetical test, the shelf "broke" as the lakes became slightly larger and closer together. This was pretty much the smoking weapon for Larsen B.

7 Frozen Mountain Range

The largest mountain range in the Antarctic is the Gamburtsevs. It's about the size of the European Alps, but no one had seen the giant in the flesh, so to speak.

The whole is covered by a layer of ice that is up to 3050 feet thick. The frozen ceiling is why the 100 million year old mountains look baby fresh. At this age, they would have been severely eroded. This natural process was likely to hit a pause button as ice trapped the region, including the then-young Gamburtsev.

During a four-week project that ended in 2009, scientists in airplanes pounced on the range. Radar measured everything below, revealing an impressive geography. The peaks were 2,700 meters above sea level. Deep valleys flowed from rivers and lakes.

Strangely enough, the water flowed uphill in certain places. Heavy pressure from the ice over the head helped the liquid to move against gravity. At higher altitudes, however, the water froze and formed the layer of ice that kept the Gamburtsevs. [4]

6 Fukushima's ice wall

In 2011, an earthquake and a tsunami destroyed a nuclear power plant in Japan. The consequences continue until today. One of the worst is water pollution. In 2017, the government devised a plan to prevent radioactive water from the Fukushima plant from entering the groundwater.

They built an underground wall made entirely of permafrost. The project was 30 meters deep and 1.6 kilometers long and cost 320 million US dollars. [5]

The ice barrier had critics from the start. It soon turned out that the wall was slowing down pollution, but it sealed nothing. The radioactivity polluted 500 tons of water every day. The good news was that about 300 could be pumped out for cleaning. Before the ice wall was installed, the daily amount was worse.

The company remains expensive. Permafrost hedging requires $ 9.5 million annually. For a facility that is so irradiated, it remains the best solution for the time being so that not even robots can clean the uranium they contain.

5 Ice Volcano

Ceres is a strange duck. From 1800 to modern times, astronomers changed their classification three times. It was discovered as a planet and then demoted to a dwarf planet to an asteroid before being upgraded.

This chameleon is remarkable for something else – the first evidence of cryovolcanism. This occurs when volcanoes of ice spew boiling salt water instead of hot lava. Scientists suspected that cryovolcanoes existed in the solar system, but they had never found one.

In 2016, the NASA spacecraft Dawn investigated the 965-kilometer-wide Ceres. Of particular interest was Ahuna Mons, a huge mountain with a height of 3,962 meters and a width of 17.7 kilometers at the base.

It was strange to find such a huge cone on a small planet. Even a stranger was alone. But the shape and the isolation were healthy signs of a volcano. (Only volcanic activity can create lonely mountains.) Ahuna Mons was made of ice. It even had a volcanic dome, flanks and peaks that resembled Earth's volcanoes. Everything indicates that Ahuna Mons is the first recorded cryovolcan. [6]

4 Ice Instruments

The Ice Music Festival 2018 in Norway took place on a stage carved entirely of ice. Musicians also played instruments from the frozen waters of Lake Finse and a local glacier. Things like drums, woodwinds, guitars, trumpets and harps are similar to real things and sound similar. The festival also created the world's first ice double bass and saxophone with two openings.

As far as the music is concerned, people are often surprised at how similar the ice instruments sound to the traditional ones. The most notable difference is the volume. The frosty pieces whistle, beat and roll in softer tones. Musicians are also faced with an unusual challenge. Playing with gloves hampers the quality of the music, so that no one is worn.

Handling an ice guitar in extremely cold conditions is enough to get your hands off your fingers. During a performance, the musicians warm themselves to warm their hands or play.

The most mysterious fact about ice instruments is their origin. When carved from natural ice, they produce musically accurate sounds. Instruments made of artificial ice (the freezer) have no acoustic properties. [7]

3 The Harbin Festival

Every winter, China hosts a spectacular festival. The theme is all about ice cream. In 2019, 10 million visitors expected the 35th annual Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival.

For two months, people explored massive ice and snow sculptures. These included buildings such as castles and the coliseum built of huge ice tiles. The true magic, however, happened at night. The replicas were lit from the inside with different colors and gave a sense of fantasy that almost distracted the tourists from the extreme cold.

There was no chance for boredom. The ice creations covered the city of Harbin with 743,000 square meters (8 million feet 2 ). The construction of Wonderland required approximately 113,000 cubic meters (4 million feet 3 ) of material. This achievement was achieved within a few days by an army of thousands of workers carving the big blocks.

Aside from the icy architecture, the festival also hosted underwater, mass wedding and snow sculpture contests. [8]

2 Green Icebergs

The Southern Ocean has many icebergs, but some of them are green. Impressively green. Scientists first entered a flight in 1988 near the East Antarctic. More surprising than the color was the clarity. The ice looked like solid glass without bubbles. This type of ice comes from ancient glaciers, but these are usually blue.

At first, the green wonders seemed like a natural dairy. When the researchers searched for the reason for the color, it became clear that the icebergs could play an important role in the dispersion of nutrients in the ocean. The green ice did not come from glaciers ashore. Instead, they calved from the undersides of floating ice shelves.

A recent study found that the Amery Ice Shelf (where the 1988 iceberg was found) was filled with iron. The iron came from stones that were crushed to powder as glaciers passed over them. Eventually they end up on shelves and oxidize in seawater. [9]

Iron oxide particles turn green when light shines through them. The icebergs are likely to spread iron to the phytoplankton and help them survive in remote locations where they normally would not.

1 Ice VII

In 2018, the world's fastest ice cream was found in diamonds. Deep underground, Ice VII grows at over 1,600 kilometers per hour.

Laboratory investigations revealed some features about the fast stuff. It formed when both high pressure and high temperatures were present. The ice could almost freeze or work its way down from the surface.

The two variants confused the scientists until they realized that ice VII did not freeze water as usual. Normally, the heat must be reduced before a liquid can solidify. As a result, ice slowly expands as it cools in its growth.

Ice VII first blooms in molecular clusters. This avoids the heat problem and allows the ice to spread in nanoseconds. Whether it explodes everywhere or works from the surface down depends on the temperature differences between water and ice crystals. [10]

This type of ice might help to find extraterrestrial life by ironically eliminating the dead worlds. The pressure required to produce Ice VII is several thousand atmospheres – too much to give life. Any foreign world with this pressure is likely to be infertile.

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