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Top 10 Fascinating Facts About Quarantines

At the present time, more than a third of the world's population is in quarantine or is subject to some kind of closure or restriction. So it wouldn't be surprising if this COVID-19 pandemic had some lasting effects.

New homes are expected to include quarantine facilities (just like the Cold War-inspired bomb shelters), television shows that add episodes of coronavirus, and more people who need to take off their underwear after they go from working to Have determined from home that fewer shifts are more convenient.

In the past there were at least 10 such cultural, scientific and politically defining moments.

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The Origin of the Word "Quarantine"

The English word "Quarantine" was originally used to describe a period in which a potentially disease-transmitting ship was isolated was held. The word was first used in the 17th century and is derived from the Italian expression quaranta giorni which means "40 days". [1]

The outbreak of bubonic plague The roaming of the European continent led to one of the most important deaths in human history. In the mid-13th century, the plague spread to cult European cities, including Venice.

In 1377, the authorities in the Republic of Ragusa (now Dubrovnik, Croatia) issued the Trentino which required ships from the plague to enter – affected regions must remain isolated for 30 days before anyone can get out. Finally, neighboring cities passed the law. Cities have extended the isolation period to 40 days over several decades, and Trentino was changed to Quarantena . Nobody knows exactly why.

The word "quarantine" has since received a broader meaning. It now refers to various measures – from isolating groups of people who are considered contagious, to health ID cards for ships, to hygiene chains and disinfection.

9 The two quarantine flags

Any two The government, which is worth the money, knows that epidemics affect its economy on many fronts, including the agriculture, health, transport and foreign trade sectors. As a result, people have responded to the threat of morbidity and mortality from epidemics through coordinated disease control strategies for centuries. The quarantine flag is one such method.

The quarantine flag was first used in the 18th century. During this time, signals were used to show that there were no infectious diseases on incoming seagoing vessels. [2]

The current quarantine flag is the black and yellow international signal flag LIMA (also called Yellow Jack)). It is expected that any docked ship under forced quarantine will fly this flag. However, if the ship is free from known quarantine-capable diseases, they should apply for “free pratique” – the license to enter a port – by raising a simple yellow flag.

8 The Bible lists guidelines for Quarantine

The Bible mentions quarantine at an early stage. The book Leviticus, probably written in the 6th century BC BC described a method for preventing an epidemic under the Mosaic Dispensation. It ordered that infectious people be quarantined for a while until the priests declared them healthy.

In Leviticus 13: 4-5 it says:

If the shiny patch on the skin is white but only appears to be on the surface and the hair has not turned white, the priest becomes quarantine the person for seven days. The priest will examine it again on the seventh day. If, according to his judgment, the wound is the same and has not spread, the priest will keep him in quarantine for another seven days.

Laws like this are commonly referred to as "jurisdiction". They are representative of the different types of real-life cases that people might have encountered at the time. They are specifically concerned with issues related to handling infected body secretions, contaminated clothing, hospitals and epidemics. [3]

7 The Apollo 11 astronauts were quarantined to prevent "moon germs" from invading Earth.

NASA made extraordinary efforts to isolate the three astronauts who came back from the unforgettable Apollo 11 mission with a small step for humans and a giant leap for humanity. Prior to this mission, lunar navigation expeditions near orbit had determined that the moon was not cheese or such nonsense.

Nevertheless, at this point nobody was sure whether the moon was sterile. So there was a need to prevent potential lunar nuclei from devastating the earth's population.

After the Apollo 11 capsule was injected into the Pacific on July 24, 1969, the astronauts were hit by the naval crew of the aircraft carrier USS Hornet . The naval crew gave the astronauts biological isolation clothing and took them to a Lunar Receiving Laboratory, where they were isolated for three weeks. [4]

You might think this was overkill until you remembered the 1979 Sci-fi film Alien . In the film, a crab-like "face hugger" attacked Gilbert Kane and impregnated him with an alien embryo. Apparently okay, he continued his normal activities until the alien infant broke out of his chest at dinner and mortally wounded him.

Admittedly, the chances that these men would bring back a pathogen were slim. But if they did, people were unlikely to be immune to it. The risk was just too high. After the Apollo 14 mission, this procedure was canceled because there was no evidence of life on the moon.

6 Quarantine of people with strange variations of an illness

In the past, people with irregular variations of an illness were asked to isolate themselves when there was no outbreak.

In 2007, Andrew Speaker, a lawyer from Atlanta, was diagnosed with a drug-resistant tuberculosis strain. He was then instructed by the CDC to isolate himself. First he fled. However, he was later arrested at the National Jewish Medical and Research Center in Denver and quarantined. There he was healed.

Irish-born cook Mary Mallon (also known as "Typhoid Mary") infected over 50 people with typhoid, causing at least three deaths. She was considered highly contagious and had to spend the rest of her life in isolation. After a total of over 25 years in quarantine, she died alone. Today, the term "Typhoid Mary" is an expression for a broadcaster of anything that is harmful or undesirable. [5]

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5 The genius that came about thanks to social distancing

With Die Beulenpest, which had struck London in 1665 and instructions for "social distancing" led to that campuses across England became empty. At the time, it seemed unfair to most people, but not to a particular student at Trinity College in Cambridge called Isaac Newton. Free from the curriculum of the university and its professors, Newton delved into the discovery.

In the 18 months that he spent in isolation, Newton laid the foundation for analysis, examined the optics and found that white light consisted of all components of the visible spectrum. The revolutionary law of universal gravity was also born in his home in Woolsthorpe Manor.

According to William Stukeley, Newton began to think about gravity when he noticed that apples always fell directly on the floor. Newton eventually returned to university after the Great Plague and became a professor. However, his discoveries during quarantine served as the basis for some of the greatest scientific innovations. [6]

4 Enter King Lear and Dr. Frankenstein

Sir Isaac Newton was just one of the many ancient geniuses who achieved incredible things while confining themselves to his home. In addition to scientific breakthroughs in quarantines, there were artistic breakthroughs in the form of literature. The popular King Lear was written by William Shakespeare, the "Bard of Avon" during the quarantine of 1606. During this time he also wrote Macbeth .

In 1816, 19-year-old Mary Shelley came up with the brilliant idea of ​​writing the first science fiction novel during a cholera epidemic that affected most of Europe, Frankenstein while he was in custody. She helped with the introduction of the horror fiction concept. Frankenstein was published two years later. [7]

3 Governments fled from previous outbreaks and isolated themselves.

1793 was perhaps the worst year in the history of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Summer was scorching hot and humid, and the streets were littered with the bodies of those who had succumbed to the American plague (yellow fever). Philadelphia was hit hard. The doctors did not know the origin of the disease and did not understand that it was transmitted by mosquitoes.

Just as the disease was spreading, President Washington and the entire federal government decided to leave the city, which was the temporary capital of the United States at the time.

Similarly, King Charles II of England decided to leave London in 1665 to escape the Great Plague. Together with his family and entire court, the king left town for Salisbury in July this year. They moved to Oxford in September 1665 when some cases of plague were discovered in Salisbury. [8]

2 The effectiveness of quarantines has been discussed

While quarantines have proven effective at stopping the spread of disease in populated areas, not everyone is on board. The ethics and effectiveness of this response remain controversial. [9]

When the SARS corona virus broke out in Canada in 2003, all of Toronto was quarantined. The following year, a study suggested that public health officials should focus solely on contact tracking rather than forced quarantine.

During the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2014, healthcare workers returning to America were quarantined in some US states. Dr. Thomas Frieden, the CDC director at the time, criticized the states for their response to these health workers who are doing everything they can to fight Ebola in West Africa.

Civil rights activists have sometimes protested, stripped, and showered against their will, even if it is used for decontamination to prevent the spread of an illness. However, others replied that local health authorities have the right to enforce this practice.

1 The Isle of Death

There are countless uninhabited islands on our beautiful blue planet. Some of them are unexplored, others are cordoned off to act as nature reserves, and others have a far worse reason to keep people away. Enter the creepy island of Gruinard.

After the British forces confiscated this small island from its residents during World War II, they tested the feasibility of using a deadly biological weapon called Anthrax on Gruinard. Fearing the impending chemical attack by the Nazis, the Allies decided to station first regardless of the consequences. [10]

They used an anthrax strain called Vollum 14578 very seriously. All 80 sheep brought to the detonation zone for testing died within days of exposure.

The war ended in 1945 and the weapon was never used. The first owner then requested the return of his island. However, it had become uninhabitable and mass decontamination would have been very expensive.

The Scottish island was quarantined for 48 years. In 1990, four years after a decontamination process, Gruinard Island safety was finally announced by removing its warning signs.

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About the Author: Akin is a fresh engineering graduate who likes to write and has a bizarre fascination with aircraft and history. He also loves to sing, although his voice is not so enviable.

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