Plenty of petrified people are unearthed every year. Despite this overpopulation, the fascination with the dried-out dead remains. It is not hard to see why. Mummies offer unexpected markings and ailments.
Sometimes, all that remain are mummified pieces. Even these lonesome fragments can reveal bizarre traditions
10 The Hun Warrior
In 1993, a girl found a grave. Alena Kypchakova, then 12 Kam-Tytugem settlement in Siberia. Inside were the remains of a hun warrior and his weapons.
Around 1,700 years ago, the man was wrapped in a wooden bed. Next to him what a bow that was what nearly as tall as a modern man. Pieces of birch notes were either marked white or black, possibly for quick selection during a hunt.
According to ancient Chinese literature, the horn carvings produced a whistle when the arrow shot through the air. This was meant to scare the enemy and distract from fleeing. 
The mummified archer is believed to be missing a museum because of a crime. Located in Kokorya, the museum is now managed by Alena Kypchakova.
9 Pygmy Woolly Mammoth
Iceland environment. The woolly mammoth was one of them. However, rumors circulated about the existence of mammoths that were naturally tiny and not because of island evolution. In particular, people reported finding the bones of these animals, adults and infants, on Kotelny Island in Siberia.
In 2018, scientists head over to the island and found the first official remains. The unique carcass had yellow for which it soon earned the name "golden mammoth." There was a big problem, though. The body was in an inaccessible area.
The surrounding permafrost did give it a date-between 22,000 and 50,000 years ago. It appears to be about 2 meters (6.6 ft) tall. Normal-sized mammoths measured around 5 meters (16.4 ft) tall. The first real hope of a dwarf mammoth species. During that time, Kotelny Island was attached to the mainland, 
8 Greenland Surprise
Finding heart disease, atherosclerosis in particular, in mummies is nothing new. However, when researchers wheeled five bodies from Greenland into the scan room, they expected healthy tickers. The mummies belonged to 16th-century Inuits, four adults and a child.
Atherosclerosis narrows the arteries in older people, and these were young adults (and junior). The condition is also associated with high-cholesterol foods such as pork, beef, and dairy. The Inuit group would have been dined on marine mammals and fish. The latter is packed with omega-3 fatty acids, a heart health tonic.
The 2019 study was done at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. During the CT scans, atherosclerosis showed up in three of the adults. Considering their and diet, this was surprising. However, there is no mistake. The mummies were exceptionally well-preserved. Even their blood vessels were intact.
These are the first cases of atherosclerosis from Greenland mummies, although their condition remains mysterious. 
7 Unique Thigh Tattoo
In recent years, the British Museum obtained the body of a woman. Her mummified remains were found in 2014 in northern Sudan on the banks of the Nile River.  To make the faded design clearer, they zapped it with infrared imaging. They found something recognizable but unique. The tattoo's unusual look was due to stacked ancient Greek letters. It read "Mixaha," the archangel Michael.
The monogram was familiar. Archaeologists had found it before on church artifacts and mosaics. However, this was the first time it was revealed on a human body.
The incarnation about 1,300 years old, which is the first of its kind. Although not the oldest tattoo in history, the Sudanese woman's symbol is still a rare find. 
6 Earliest European Autopsy
In 2013, it examined a gruesome relic. The partial mummy consisted of shoulders, a neck, and a head.
Scientists thought it was preserved during the 1400s or 1500s, but analysis placed between AD 1200 and AD 1280. This is Europe's oldest preserved human autopsy. It is considered to be Europe's most backward time for science.
However, the mummy was prepared by experienced hands and surprisingly advanced techniques. The ancient doctor mixed lime, beeswax, and red cinnabar mercury. 
This was against the prevailing view that human dissection in the middle Ages was a "cut up and throw away" affair.
5 Embalmed Human Hearts
France is known for romance, but things went a little too long during the 16th and 17th centuries.
In 2015, a group of mummified hearts was found under a convent. The Convent of the Jacobins in Rennes so what are you talking about?
Lady Louise de Quengo dies in 1656. While she is in a state of preservation what noteworthy, she is a lead urn. Shaped like a valentine's heart, it contained the real heart of her husband.
Soon, a look through more elite vaults produced four similar turns. The hearts were cleaned and scanned. The images gave a good view of the 400-year-old heart valves, chambers, and arteries. 4 The Mummified Hand
In Hungary, the village of Nyarlorinc has an ancient graveyard. Around 540 people were buried there between the 12th and 16th centuries. When they paged through the old photos of excavations, they found the mummified hand of a baby.
The infant's copper levels were astronomical. After digging through the cemetery's artifacts, both the source of the copper and preservation are identified.
This is an unknown way of mummification, but the coin also reflects a known tradition. St. John the Baptist to perform the ceremony. That way, the baby could go to Heaven.
The Nyarlorinc child was indeed buried in a jar. Oddly, this tradition was never recorded in Hungary before. A deeper mystery was the coin's date-between 1858 and 1862. 
3 Human Toe Cocktail
Bars are known for alcoholic creativity. However, one cocktail is hard to beat. To order the sourtoe cocktail, one must travel to Yukon territory in Canada. The next step is to find the Sourdough Saloon in Dawson City.
Ask for this particular drink, and the bartender fills a tumbler with spirit (often whiskey). The final ingredient-a mummified human toe-is then plonked inside.
The drink comes with one rule. Your lips must touch the toe. When that happens, the saloon hands over a certificate. So far, over 100,000 people have earned their certificates.
The drink's history is just as weird. It was born in 1973 after an entrepreneur found the frostbitten toe of a rum smuggler.
The entrepreneur started the drink as a way in which people could prove themselves as worthy Yukoners. 
2 Double Mystery Solved
Rosalia Lombardo is among the most famous mummies in the world. When pneumonia killed the two-year-old in 1920, her father commissioned Alfredo Salafia to embalm. This procedure went so well that Rosalia still appears to be napping.
Along with thousands of others, her body was interred in the Capuchin Catacombs under Sicily's Capuchin Convent. The rest of the corpses were prepared by monks and dried out naturally. Rosalia's perfect looks came from a long-lost embalming recipe that nobody could crack. For decades, the pretty girl creeped people out because she appeared to open and close her eyes. 
In 2009, anthropologists tackled both mysteries. One of Salafia's handwritten manuscripts was found, and it revealed the ingredients. It uses glycerin, formalin, zinc sulfate, chloride, and a blend of alcohol and salicylic acid. He just injected the combined fluid into Rosalia.
The creepy eye thing is an optical illusion. She was mummified with her eyes. Nearby windows cast enough light to highlight her blue eyes. But as the day shifts and shadows change, vignettes are tricked into seeing closed lids.
1 Club Dead
Rosalia is not the only tourist attraction in the Capuchin Catacombs. There are thousands more bodies. Although they are not well-preserved, the mummies belong to what they call "club dead."
Creepily, nobody was buried. Instead, the dead were settled in poses or hung on the walls. Corpses were dressed in their best uniforms, ball gowns, and religious robes. People were separated by gender, age, and career. In the hall of professionals, several physicians and lawyers hung from wall hooks. In the nursery, children were in their cribs. 
The subterranean world was maintained by monks who were paid by relative to change the dead's clothes and keep them clean. Today, most of the mummies have fallen into disrepair, but their doll-like desperation remains alive. The Club Dead is part of a greater mystery. Sicily once again had her loved one. Experts still do not know why.