Science fiction is usually defined as fiction that takes place in the future or that demonstrates major technological or ecological changes. It often takes place in space or on an alternative version of the earth and can take place in the near or distant future. This definition is necessarily non-specific because science fiction can actually be set on Earth, on any other planet, or in the most distant areas of space. It can be set in the past, present or future.
The science fiction world created in the film can be very different from our own or almost exactly the same. It can contain aliens or robots or cool gadgets. But maybe not. In fact, there are dozens of subgenres within the sci-fi category of films, and that's before you even start considering the sci-fi / fantasy hybrid films. In 2007 we already presented a comprehensive list of the 1
10 Time Travel
Time travel films have a whole range of their own subgenres. You can take romantic time travel ( The Time Traveler & # 39; s Wife ), funny (-ish) time travel ( Hot Tub Time Machine ) and nostalgic time travel by teenagers, ( Back to the Future ) and “Boy, I wish I was older / younger” films, in which an inconspicuous Chinese person with a mop / fortune cookie makes his wish come true by means never disclosed.
And of course there are action time travel films like Terminator in which the time travelers master the travel through the time portal / vortex / gate, but do not yet get out of the children's class in How to Defeat the Good in a Chase.
Sometimes time travel is just a practical tool for getting the authors out of a difficult situation. Avengers Endgame for example. Cinema-goers watched 21 films that weren't related to time travel, and then Thanos wiped out half the population of the universe. How do you get out of there? Well, you could go back in time, prevent Thanos from collecting stones, then click your fingers and switch ahead! And if that doesn't work, you can always use the laser eyes to call the girl to hit him (why didn't they call her earlier? Oh yes, busy).
Like End Game Many films quickly gloss over the actual mechanics of time travel. If we connect this MacGuffin to this flow capacitor and turn the knob to 11, this should be the case.
The reason for this is, of course, that time travel is impossible. The math to do this is probably quite complicated and, to be honest, boring. However, the "most realistic" time travel film is probably Primer a low budget film that refused to face the non-math geniuses in the audience. It won a Grand Jury award at the Sundance Festival and is said to have won a cult following. Among mathematicians. Enough said. Only we shouldn't forget that math is really great sometimes! Proof: Top 10 coolest math results.
Steampunk manages to have the best of both worlds. It's futuristic, but it's set in the past. So it has a lot of crazy gadgets and really big weapons, all powered by steam, and a million shiny gears. Usually played in the late Victorian era, these films carry their science lightly and are more interested in looking cool than being realistic in any way.
Take, for example, Wild West West . The film with Will Smith and Kevin Kline showed everything you'd expect from a Western, as well as bike-powered planes and huge mechanical spiders. Plus magnets. Many magnets. The film wasn't great, to be honest, and won 5 raids, including Worst Picture and Worst Original Song, for Smith's terrible rap-based theme tune.
A better steampunk film was Hugo directed by Martin Scorsese, the charming story of an orphaned boy trying to fix his father's machine. The film also paid homage to Georges Méliès, a pioneer of cinematography, and his fantasy film A Trip to the Moon from 1902. Which is kind of nice.
When Steampunk makes your gears whir faster, The Mysterious Geographic Explorations Of Jasper Morello is a treat. It may be an animated film and a short one, but it has everything a steampunk fan could want – moody lighting, great costumes, lots of airships, and fantastic steam-powered machines. And as we look at ancient technology and – well, strange things in general – take a look at the top 10 facts about the pyramids that advanced ancient technology could prove.
8 Generation Ship
Generation Ship, one of the lesser known science fiction subgenres, is an interstellar ark concept in which a large population travels from Earth to space to find a new home. Although the original passengers will be long dead when they reach their destination, they hope that their children's children can start over and ruin another planet.
An example of this genre is Pandorum ] a 2009 sci-fi / horror film in which 60,000 people flee from the dying earth to join in the 123-year journey to a planet to undertake a similar atmosphere. The passengers are said to be put to sleep and wake up every few years to occupy the ship.
But of course there are faulty computers, unstable nuclear reactors, space-related madness and some kind of monster hiding on the ship, which interrupts their sleep. You get the drift. The rest will be a little silly.
Passengers with Chris Pratt and Jennifer Lawrence had a similar initial premise and a crazy Android bartender, played by Michael Sheen, who surpasses them both (not difficult, we know). Passengers resist the horrors of Pandorum and although it gets a little crazy, it opts for a more optimistic solution.
And what happens to the earth after it has been evacuated? You send a Waste Allocation Load Lifter: Earth class (or WALL-E ) to clear the mess. And that's cute too. Can the film trip compete with real life like these 8 worst trips ever undertaken?
7 Alien Invasion
The Alien Invasion is a staple of science fiction films, and there are hundreds to choose from. If you like extraterrestrial invaders associated with ridiculous Jingoistic overreaction, you could opt for Independence Day . Or if you want something nicer, choose Guillermo Del Toros Pacific Rim where gigantic alien reptiles emerge from the sea to fight human-controlled robots. OK, it's still a little silly and a bit jingoistic, but it's a lot easier on the eyes.
However, not all alien invasion films are action techno blockbusters. If you want an alien invasion film that is a bit more down to earth, you can choose Attack the Block . "What kind of alien would break into a crappy parish in South London?" "One who is looking for a fight." Attack the Block didn't spend a lot of money on its special effects, but the script is out of this world.
If you prefer the crazy angle, you can also try Mars Attacks . A parody of 1950s B-films (it's a Tim Burton film after all), Mars Attacks wins the award for the best looking evil alien. It has an all-star cast, by Jack Nicholson as self-serving president, Glen Close as first lady, and Pierce Brosnan as a particularly annoying Brit who "interprets" for the Martians while sucking on a briar pipe.
He thinks you will come in peace. He is wrong. "Beautiful planet. We'll take it ". But let's not be too bleak. After all, the real aliens are actually very helpful, as can be seen from the top 10 signs that aliens could contribute to our world.
Sometimes the aliens don't just want to penetrate the planet, they want to live on it. Then you get colonization films. The 1950s seemed to be rich in films of this type. The 1956 Body Snatcher invasion is probably the best known example. Aliens replicate human bodies and take their place. But they are unable to simulate human emotions. And so they have to be stopped. However, if we want to colonize another planet, that's perfectly fine.
Christopher Nolan's film from 2014, Interstellar sees humanity, which has destroyed the ecosystem of their own planet, set out to steal someone else. When a convenient wormhole opens, Matthew McConaughey places a space helmet in search of a planet that will save life. Nobody thinks about wondering whether this planet already has its own life forms or how these life forms feel about a mass invasion of creatures that will rape the country and destroy the planet. You will probably agree to this. Let's hope like Elon? 10 things we know about Elon Musk's future colony on Mars.
5 Man as a slave
The future is a foreign country and nobody knows what is happening there. While humans are the most advanced creatures on earth today, who knows what evolution has in store for us?
Which of course is the premise of Planet of the Apes . Charlton Heston plays an astronaut who crashes on a “strange planet” that is eerily similar to ours, where the monkeys have become the front-runners and humans are slaves / pets / curiosities. The film was a huge success and produced four sequels, a TV series, an animated series, a successful remake and an even more successful restart of the entire genre Ape v Man, in which the monkey was not only the leader but also the hero.
While man may have been a slave on the Planet of the Apes he was at least not a battery. In The Matrix the groundbreaking film by Wachowski, in which the "bullet time" became a thing, the function of mankind is even less attractive.
If you're not called Neo, you're doomed to spend your life in a slimy egg-shaped capsule. And if Neo comes to save you, it gets a lot worse. Should have taken the blue pill. Just don't take the black pill. . . 10 ways the world could end today.
Science fiction is not always about people in shiny uniforms and big weapons, or destroyed wasteland and starving people that were created by people who were rampant through consumption. Usually it is, of course, but only occasionally do we have a different future to look forward to. Take, for example, Avatar .
OK, people have ruined their planet, but there is another nearby that is really, really beautiful. The air is also toxic to humans, which is good for Pandora residents. But even if we can't live there, must there be a way to monetize it?
People in Pandora like to live in harmony with nature. They are a smooth race. They are definitely simple notes. Using avatar creation technology, people control the avatars remotely to explore the planet and find a rare mineral with the plausible name Unobtainium.
If you try to focus on the beautiful world of Pandora, you have found Utopia. It can't be permanent, of course, because people will come by every moment to try to screw it up. Unfortunately, this seems to be a recurring theme in utopian films.
Whenever there is a beautiful planet where the sun is shining and nature is thriving, you can expect a person with a jack boat to show up and start trampling the flowers to find oil / treasures / minerals to find silly names.
Fortunately, however, there is always one and occasionally up to six people who can understand and remain the true wealth of the planet. If the idea of a utopian society warms your heart, prepare to be disappointed: 10 failed attempts to create utopian cities.
If Utopia sounds a bit too sweet for you, you can try dystopia instead. There are many more such films. Dystopian films made either in a desert or in an abandoned mall show us what the world will look like if we don't improve our planet-destroying ways. The only problem is that the dystopian films are usually much more exciting than the utopian ones.
I mean, Avatar has flowers and trees and stuff, but Mad Max has armored vehicles, for example. And despite the obvious lack of fuel, you can drive at the speed you want on the wrong side of the road and no one will stop you.
In Avatar you have a bow and arrow. In Mad Max 2: The Street Fighter you can attach a flamethrower to the roof of your truck. And when you get to Mad Max: Fury Road you can even attach this flamethrower to the neck of your guitar.
What if the stores are empty, is the water poisoned? and the only food available is Soylent Green? (What's in it again?) And who really cares when the end of the world is near? Flamethrowers are cool. If you can't get enough of the dystopian genre: 10 sci-fi dystopias that are everyday realities today.
2 First contact
First contact films aren't really about extraterrestrials. It's about people who meet extraterrestrials. In Close Encounters of the Third Kind for example, the aliens only appear in the last seconds of the film. In Contact Jodie Foster plays a woman who may have had an alien encounter, although she may have thought it up.
Arrival 2016s blockbuster first contact film, was also more about people than extraterrestrials. The film with Amy Adams and Jeremy Renner (in a film in which he barely got the upper hand) was about how we connect with beings with whom we don't share a common language, or even with the building blocks of language. The aliens themselves are a subordinate feature of the film. What is more important is the cooperation or the lack of governments and their willingness to try to understand those who are different from themselves.
Arrival was a commercial and critical success. It was widely regarded as the smartest film about extraterrestrials ever made, and certainly the best in which the heroes are physicists and linguists. There is not a single evil overlord or intergalactic laser gun / sword in the entire film. strange. Even the Chinese are heroes! Perhaps that can be explained by the top 10 things Hollywood does to the Chinese.
1 Space Opera
Space operas are not about singing, but about size. And scale. Epic stories of adventure, melodrama and romance across the universe. Space operas usually play in space or on distant and exotic planets and almost always have good-looking good people who face an evil overlord who is usually dressed in black. Basically we speak of Star Wars .
Space operas often occur in several installments. Flash Gordon is an early example of this genre. The 1936 series with Buster Crabbe was shown in 13 episodes and saw the flash fight against Emperor Ming the Merciless. The episodes ran for years in the cinema on Saturday morning and performed miracles with cardboard sets and rope-like special effects.
The main characteristic of the space opera seems to be noble quests against evil empires. They also offer stirring music, long speeches in which someone explains the action, and great, if unsuccessful, gestures. In other words, it is exactly what is made into a parody movie. Like Space Balls .
Written and directed by Mel Brooks, who also played yogurt, the alien guru with pointed ears, and Rick Moranis as Black Helmet, a little villain with a bobble head, the film was faked Every space opera film you have ever seen to have. If you don't really like the science fiction parts of a science fiction film, this film is for you. And may the Schwartz be with you. If you're interested in more lists on film effects, check out the Top 10 Amazing Movie Sound Effects Made With Animals.
About the Author: Ward Hazell is a freelance writer and travel writer and is currently studying English literature.
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