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Top 10 amazing inventions of the 1900s

Many historical inventions often have disagreements over the identity of the creator, the origin of the idea, and the time when the product was first used. In this list, we look at 10 amazing inventions from the 1900s.

Although some of her background stories are still unclear, we know the fascinating stories of others. It is even more important that each of these inventions in one form or another has become as commonplace as old inventions such as paper and concrete.

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10th Science fiction movies

In 1

902, The trip to the moon (A trip to the moon) became the first science fiction story to be shown on the screen. This short silent film was made by French director and stage magician Georges Melies. This man was described by Charlie Chaplin as the “alchemist of light”. DW Griffiths, an American film director, said: “I owe him everything.”[1]

The film focuses on a group of astronomers traveling to the moon. From Earth to the Moon (1865) by Jules Verne and The first men in the moon (1901) by HG Wells were Melies’ main inspirations. The most iconic scene shows the man in the moon with a spherical spaceship in his eye.

After over 500 short films, Melies was inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in 2015.

9 Teddy bears

In 1902 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt took part in a bear hunt in Mississippi. Since he had not found a single bear, some men from the hunting party slapped one over the head with a gun and tied him to a tree. When a bugle was blown, it was Roosevelt’s sign to come over and shoot the poor animal. But Roosevelt found it unfair and left.[2]

Clifford Berryman, a cartoonist for The Washington Postdrew a picture of Roosevelt walking away from the bear. This portrayed Roosevelt as a kind, animal-loving gentleman who worked well for a politician who wanted people on his side.

At that time, Morris Michtom, a candy store owner in New York, decided to name his stuffed bear after Roosevelt, who gave him permission to do so. These new toy bears were so popular that Michtom founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company in 1907.

8th Paper clips

Although the references to the joining of sheets of paper date from the 13th century, this was initially achieved by inserting a ribbon through a hole in the upper corner of the sheets. It took centuries for the double oval shape known today from Gem Manufacturing Ltd. at the end of the 19th century. was designed in England.

This style is still known as a “Gem” clip, although it has never been patented. It also has the most commonly used shape today. (Norwegian inventor Johan Vaaler, often mistakenly referred to as the creator of the paper clip, received a US patent for an inferior design in 1901.)

In 1958, a survey was conducted to find out how other paper clips are used. Results included toothpicks, fingernail and ear cleaners, bra fasteners, game markers, and childish weapons.

A huge paper clip was put up in Oslo in 1989 in honor of Vaaler. It weighed 602 kilograms and was 7 meters high. However, it is the Gem-Clip, not the product patented by Vaaler.[3]

7 Mother’s Day

In 1908 the first Mother’s Day took place in the USA. This was set up by Anna Jarvis. She held a memorial service at St. Andrew’s Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia, for her mother, who died in 1905.[4]

Anna Jarvis dedicated Mother’s Day to a holiday. During the U.S. Civil War, she even founded a Mother’s Day club that dealt with the health problems of wounded soldiers.

In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson finally declared the second Sunday in May “Mother’s Day” and made it a national holiday. Flowers and Simnel cakes were two of the traditional gifts. Wildflowers were usually picked up on the way home by workers on country lanes. These were much different than the impressive bouquets that can easily be bought today.

A Google analysis of search data from 2004 to 2015 found the most popular Mother’s Day gifts in every state. Although roses were the most popular in Indiana, iPads were most common in Kentucky. Surprisingly, bird feeders were the favorite gift in New Hampshire.

6 cellophane

In 1900, the Swiss chemist Jacques E. Brandenberger was in a restaurant when he saw another customer spilling wine over a tablecloth. The waiter had to soak up the mess and remove the tablecloth. Brandenberger began to wonder if a material could be made to ward off the wine instead of letting it sink in.

First, he tried spraying a waterproof coating on fabric. But it was too stiff and easy to pull off. He continued experimenting and invented cellophane in 1908. The name is a combination of cellulose and Diaphan (“transparent”).

By 1912, Brandenberger had created a machine that was able to produce cellophane on a large scale. La Cellophane SA was founded in France in 1913, but the outbreak of the First World War made development quite slow. When Brandenberger died in 1954, its value was estimated at $ 10 million.[5]

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5 ‘Crayola’ colored pencils

In 1903, cousins ​​Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith invented the first brand of children’s pencils. “Crayola” comes from the words chalk (“Chalk”) and oily (“Oily”).

Although the two men had already made a crayon to mark boxes and barrels, it contained the toxic chemical “soot”, from which shoe polish was also made and car tires stained. Obviously, these colored pencils were not suitable for children. After making slate pencils that were used in schools from 1900, they designed the first colored crayons for children.[6]

In 1958 the Crayola collection was produced for the first time with 64 different colors and a built-in sharpener. While this box is still available today, it is now possible to buy an even larger one with 120 different colors.

4th vacuum cleaner

British engineer Hubert Cecil Booth is responsible for the development of one of the first powered vacuum cleaners. Previously, machines blew air to try to push the debris away instead of completely removing it.

Booth’s experimentation included placing a handkerchief over his mouth and sucking in air to see how much dust had accumulated. This encouraged him to work on his first design known as “Puffing Billy”. Because of the size of the motor used for this invention, it was kept outside and pulled around by horses.[7]

Booth founded the British Vacuum Cleaner Company in 1903. The vacuum made by this company was much smaller, but made a lot of noise. Still, it was a popular upper class invention. Even the British royal family had one.

3rd windshield wipers

Although the first steam-powered automobile was built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769, windshield wipers were not invented by Mary Anderson in New York until 1905. Although the design was effective, it had to be activated by constantly pulling a lever to keep the wiper up and down.

Obviously, other inventors saw room for improvement. However, there were disagreements about who invented the first automatic wiper.

The brothers William M. and Fred Folberth were the first Americans to be responsible for their development, and their invention was patented in 1921. Since this wiper was operated with vacuum and used air from the engine manifold of the car, the speed of the wiper slowed depending on the speed of the car. It was not until the 1930s that the electric wipers used today were invented.[8]

2nd Chewing gum machines

Vending machines were introduced in the USA by the Thomas Adams Gum Company in 1888. Thomas Adams is famous for inventing chewing gum, and these machines contained the original flavors of Tutti Frutti, Spearmint, Blackjack and Clove. First mounted on subway platforms in New York, they were pretty primitive. Sometimes coins were attached to a string, inserted into the slot, and then pulled out when the chewing gum fell out.

The see-through machines, containing colored candy-coated balls, were introduced in 1907. One of the modern concerns is whether these balls are safe to eat after they have been there for a long time. The International Chewing Gum Association has made it clear that they are still “safe to chew”, although taste and texture may change.[9]

1 Neon signs

The neon gas discovered in 1898 was named after the word neos (“New”). Georges Claude was the French engineer, chemist and inventor who first applied an electrical discharge to a neon gas tube to make a lamp. In 1910 he showed the people in Paris two 11.6 meter long neon tube lamps.

Progress was slow at first. But then these tubes were made thinner and more flexible so that they could easily be turned into different letters. Los Angeles was one of the first cities in America to adopt this invention.

In 1923, two “Packard” signs were bought from a car dealership in LA for $ 24,000. Police officers had to be called in to clear the crowds that had stopped to see this amazing creation.[10]

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About the author: I am very interested in living from freelance writing. Writing has always been a hobby of mine, especially in the area of ​​history.

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