According to Jean Kim, MD’s 2017 article in Psychology Today "Why Do People Follow Tyrants?", An effective bully recognizes and responds to certain basic human Wishes. The strength and authority of the tyrant can enable him to present himself as a parent and to care for an entire nation. Sometimes the nation's parent figure is its youth. A tyrant's willingness to cross legal boundaries can also contribute to his vocation. Perhaps none of the rulers on this list is admirable, but all were (or are in some cases) very popular tyrants.
0th Queen Elizabeth I (England)
In a Business Insider compiled a list of the 10 largest monarchs in 2013 in honor of the birth of Prince William and Kate Middleton's first child George in British history. Queen Elizabeth I was one of only three queens listed. It is understandably tempting to praise or criticize Queen Elizabeth by comparing her with contemporary female political figures. However, it is equally important to remember that she was loved by her own subjects in her spare time. She might not have been a feminist monarch – the concept of feminism did not exist in 16th century England – but she was certainly a popular . Unlike her half sister, the strictly Catholic Queen Maria I of England accused the almost 300 English Protestants of heresy and burned at the stake the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I Catholics not publicly followed.
Instead, she privately entrusted the task to the Protestant diplomat and statesman Sir Francis Walsingham. Walsingham was not instructed to kill practicing Catholics unless they planned to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and put a Catholic monarch on the throne. Queen Elizabeth's rule may have been popular, but she was still an inflexible authoritarian. Walsingham cleverly used code-breaking, double agents and deliberate disinformation campaigns to surprise Queen Elizabeth's Catholic subjects. Catholic priests were executed for the act of mass because masses were prohibited . Walsingham would not necessarily execute the openly Catholic parishioners of the priests, but would punish them, imprison them, or confiscate their land and goods. His actions were sanctioned by Queen Elizabeth I, but she was never publicly held accountable. This is probably due to two factors. At first, Elizabeth ruled as absolute monarch . According to this political system, her successor was determined by God. She was directly responsible for her behavior, not her subjects, but her savior. Second, Walsingham made sure to keep both his actions and the nature of his relationship with the Queen secret. The 16th century chronicler William Camden said to Walsingham: "He saw every man and nobody saw him."
9. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Turkey)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was the first President of the Republic of Turkey and is still referred to as "the father of modern Turkey". As is the case with many political figures on this list, it is important not to judge a leader by his title. Ataturk was a president, but his leadership was not democratic. He unilaterally carried out reforms in his country, including modernizing Turkey's legal and educational system and formalizing the local language and alphabet. He strongly encouraged his people to adopt western cultural practices.
Ataturk was a unifying ruler, also because he successfully designed and controlled his public image as a benevolent father of Turkey. A personality cult is a group of loyalists who create favorable (and sometimes wrong) narratives about the socio-cultural and socio-historical importance of a political leader. Although he died in 1938, the stories about Ataturk are still widespread in Turkish culture, and he has a favorable reputation . His busts are in the public space of Turkey, and his picture is (illegally) superimposed on the pictures of the Turkish flag. Its popularity is important for both the future and the past of Turkey. The current Turkish President Tayip Erdogan was criticized for trying to seize Ataturk's legacy.
. 8 Genghis Khan (Mongol Empire)
Unlike most of the people on this list, Genghis Khan was not the leader of a single country. After becoming the leader of the Mongols in 1206, Khan conquered China, Mongolia, Korea, Persia (now Iran), Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Armenia and parts of Russia, India. Hungary, Burma, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia. Khan was a skilled military tactician. It is estimated that killed 40 million people. He practiced nepotism regularly and ensured the loyalty of his soldiers and advisors by placing members of his own family in venerable positions.
Khan was an unscrupulous conqueror, but not necessarily an unjust ruler. Like the Romans we mentioned on an earlier list, Khan allowed the people of his conquered territory to keep many of their own customs, provided they unquestionably accepted his authority. He passed laws to ensure freedom of religion on his territory and tax exemptions for places of worship. He admired an act of bravery, even if it was committed by an enemy. Khan conquered the Taijut tribe, but was almost killed when his horse was knocked down by an arrow during the battle. When Khan confronted his Taiwanese prisoners after the battle, he allegedly requested to know the identity of the talented archer who had killed his horse. When a man courageously took responsibility, Khan was impressed by his courage. He gave him the nickname Jebe (arrow) and made him Mongolian general.
. 7 Aleksander Vucic (Serbia)
Former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic was charged with war crimes for his role in the 1995 genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina . From 2002 until his death in 2006, he was on trial. Like Milosevic, his successor Aleksander Vucic is an authoritarian politician who controls his country's press.
However, he tolerates dissidents and strengthens Serbia's relations with other European countries. Its popularity is primarily due to its success in stabilizing Serbia. Supporters of opposition party leader Boris Stefanovic demanded that Vucic be ousted from the presidency but his Serbian Progressive Party is still very popular. It would most likely easily retain its parliamentary majority if elections were held today.
. 6 Vladimir Putin (Russia)
The popularity of Russian President Vladimir Putin is currently decreasing due to the internal struggles of Russia. The US sanctions are stagnating. The annexation of Crimea temporarily stabilized Putin's popular support. Nevertheless, 60,000 Russians marched in 2019 to protest Putin's policies, the largest number of dissidents he has faced since he regained presidency in 2012.
However, this lack of popularity is unusual for Putin's almost 20-year presidency (including his shadow presidency during the government of Dmitri Medvedev when he was officially prime minister). As a former intelligence officer, Putin controls the press, spies on his people and poisoned his enemies. By suppressing dissent, he creates stability. Russians who remember the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 appreciated the stability and Putin's ability to secure it.
. 5 Gamal Abdel Nasser (Egypt)
The Egyptian Gamal Abdel Nasser was an ambitious and charismatic leader. He was also an accomplished military general. Like many leaders on this list, he surveyed his own citizens. However, he also earned their respect by bringing socio-economic and socio-cultural reforms to Egypt. He nationalized the Suez Canal to ensure that his own country benefited from his own itinerary, the Nile.
His land reforms created an Egyptian middle class. He granted women the right to vote. He denied his citizens many personal freedoms, but the socio-political and socio-economic advances he brought to Egypt weakened the effects of British colonialism.
4 Imelda Marcos (Philippines)
Unlike many other people on this list, Imelda Marcos has never officially ruled their country. Marcos is the widow of a former president of the Philippines, the authoritarian Ferdinand Marcos. During his presidency, his wife's beauty, elegance, and unrepentant commitment to excessive spending fascinated reporters worldwide. Marcos was convicted of corruption in 2018. Her husband and she reportedly made a fortune by transferring $ 200 million to the Swiss front foundations during Marcos' presidency. (She appeals the charge and will continue to serve as a member of Congress in her country's House of Representatives unless this ends in a conviction.)
Despite allegations of corruption, Marcos is a popular figure in public life. When she travels, children and vendors line the streets to see her and she gives them money. Marcos uses her charisma to gain power. Because of her support for the current authoritarian president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, her son Bongbong Marcos is the vice president of his administration.
. 3 Josip Broz Tito (Yugoslavia)
Josip Broz Tito maintained stability in Yugoslavia, although he led his country through socio-economic transitions . L After his reign, he supported the self-government of the workers as part of his concept of communism. He remained an ally of the Russian leader, Joseph Stalin while protecting Yugoslavia from the socio-economic instabilities caused to the former Soviet allies by the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tito controlled all belligerent ethnic groups in Yugoslavia. The region destabilized after his death in 1980. An example of such a destabilization is the aforementioned Serbian geocide in 1995. Nevertheless, Tito in general remains idealized . His birthday is celebrated annually in Bosnia.
. 2 Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda (Malawi)
Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda ruled Malawi for over 30 years. He was the country's first president and he brutally executed all sorts of political opponents. Banda did not grant his citizens personal freedom, but he brought them greater economic stability by improving his country's infrastructure and strengthening its agricultural economy.
The British appreciated his western sympathy, but he was also admired by other African reformers, particularly the South African activist and president, Nelson Mandela . He was voted out of office in 1994 and died in 1997.
1. Eva Perón (Argentina)
Argentina's first lady Eva Perón was so popular that even the British Broadway composer Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber noticed her. Webber published Evita a musical about her life, 1978. Like most of the leaders on this list, Juan and Eva Perón were authoritarian dictators. Although his wife never held an official position in government, Perón allowed Evita to act as his unofficial minister for health and work.
Evita was a former actress who had lived in poverty for most of her life. It supported union-promoting measures and built schools, orphanages, hospitals and care facilities with funds from the Eva Perón Foundation . Evita died of cancer in 1952, but was still loved by the Argentine working class. In fact, she was so popular that Juan Perón's third wife Evitas exhumed the remains and had them buried next to that of the late president. She hoped the gesture would bring her working class favor.
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