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Theodore Roosevelt Reading Tips | floss



The United States had a constitutional ban on alcohol for 13 years. In 1920, the chorus of citizens who did not want the "corrupt" effects of alcohol degradation on society had become so loud that the government acted to stop alcohol trafficking. The 18th Amendment to the Constitution prohibited the manufacture, sale or transport of alcoholic beverages.

Think about what life could look like without a local pub or easy access to wine bottles while reading these 50 unregistered articles. All-dry facts about the ban.

. 1 The roots of prohibition are as old as the colonies.

Distilled spirits were the first domestic product to be taxed by the emerging federal government under the leadership of President George Washington to obtain a substantial amount of money from a popular luxury item. The tax also found support from social reformers, who hoped that this "sin tax" would keep people from drinking so much.

. 2 The early Americans protested against the ban at the time.

Peasants and distilleries who refused to pay the tax led to the whiskey rebellion, in which the armed resistance challenged Washington's militia. The resistance finally fell apart and two men were convicted of high treason. (Washington pardoned her later.)

3. Maine started early with the ban.

The first state to ban alcohol was Maine, which passed its law in 1

851 largely thanks to the local director of the Temperance Movement and Mayor of Portland Quebec, Neal Dow. After four years under the law, a mob of 3,000 residents stormed the town hall in 1855, when "

. 4 Kansas banned alcohol in its constitution.

Maine's ban on bans meant that several other states passed similar laws, but Kansas was the first country to impose a constitutional ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol. The voters passed the amendment in November 1880, and their state legislature soon made alcohol production an offense.

. 5 The Supreme Court once called alcohol "evil."

Peter Mugler founded a brewery in Kansas in 1877, and the constitutional ban rendered his business worthless. When he was charged with violating the new ban, he appealed to the Supreme Court, where he lost. In the 8-1 decision, Associate Justice John Marshall Harlan noted that the court must consider the social degradation caused by alcohol and that "idleness, disorder, poverty, and crime that exist in the country are, to some extent, at least due to it this evil. "

6. Prohibition had a trial run during the First World War.

The Americans got a taste of the ban when the Prohibition Bill was passed and came into force on June 30, 1919. The idea behind it was to get grain for the war effort.

. 7 Economists supported the ban.

Many economists, including the former president of the American Economic Association, dr. Irving Fisher, thought the ban on alcohol would have a positive impact on the country's economy. An important goal was "Blue Monday", the wasted day of productivity after a Sunday of heavy drinking.

. 8 The Prohibition Party mascot was a camel.

Republicans have the elephant. Democrats have the donkey. The Prohibition Party had the camel, a perfect symbol not to drink.

. 9 The ban was intertwined with nativism and immigration hostility.

While alcohol was the main enemy, communities that favored alcohol (such as Catholic immigrant groups) came under fire. Nativistic rhetoric was used along with anti-alcoholic arguments against alcohol as a means of social corrosion, and at least one national prohibition figure, Bishop James Cannon, openly used an anti-Catholic language.

10 The ban resulted in a restart of the KKK.

Due to the connection between prohibition and immigration hostility, the then weakened Ku Klux Klan used the 18th Amendment and its social supporters as a means of revival. The racist organization recruited from Protestant Prohibition Groups and provided foot soldiers for raids where law enforcement lacked money and people.

. 11 The anti-German mood boosted the ban during the First World War.

With its connection to nativism and anti-immigrant sentiment, the prohibition movement received a major boost as the United States entered the First World War against Germany. With German Americans leading the majority of breweries, arid activists argued that buying alcohol was like supporting the enemy.

12 In part, income tax allowed for a ban.

The Congress generally refused to consider a ban because the taxation of alcohol was so lucrative. After the introduction of income tax in 1913, which accounts for two thirds of the federal government's taxes until 1920, the tax incentive to reject the ban was almost completely eliminated, paving the way for a serious examination of the ban.

. 13 President Wilson vetoed Volstead's law.

While the 18th Amendment banned the country's law, Volstead's law defined what "intoxicating liquors" were and set the parameters for enforcing the new rule. Although President Wilson was publicly agnostic on the issue of wetness and drought, he vetoed the bill, stating that "the personal habits and customs of a large number of our citizens" should be regulated with greater caution. However, the Congress suspended its veto.

fourteenth Some people believed alcohol turns your blood into water.

Strange beliefs and misinformation were common, while prohibitionists struggled to get the law into the books. One belief was that your blood would become water when you drink, a term popularized by the "Department of Scientific Instruction on Moderation". But it is not the only such strange belief.

15th Anti-alcohol groups claimed that wine was made with cockroaches.

Dry pastor T. P. Hunt warned people against Madeira wines by saying that it was "commonplace" to make them with a bag of cockroaches.

sixteenth Supporters of Prohibition also claimed that your brain could catch fire …

Prohibition fan George McCandlish said he saw a dead man's brain go up in flames when doctors tested it for alcohol with a lighted match.

17th … and that your liver would grow to 25 pounds.

There is no doubt that drinking harms the liver, but prohibitionists have exaggerated its effect in a bizarre sense, claiming that the organ (which normally weighs about three pounds) could swell to as much as 25 pounds in drinking.

18th Advocates of the ban also claimed that smelling second-hand alcohol would hurt unborn children.

Alfred Ploetz was a German who moved to Massachusetts in 1890 and The Influence of Alcohol on Race wrote that pregnant women only skipped alcohol risking the birth of deformed babies. Later he returned to Germany and entered the NSDAP as a prominent eugenicist.

19th The ban helped women to get their vote.

Women were important leaders of the moderation movement, arguing that alcohol was wasting money on men, becoming violent and destroying families. Frances Willard of the Women's Christian Temperance Union called the movement a "war of mothers and daughters, sisters, and wives." Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton also founded the Women's State Temperance Society. In nationalizing a thing that was close to women's hearts, the prohibitionists saw their success in working hand in hand with progress in enabling women's votes. They managed to survive without that, but the 19th Amendment, which granted women's suffrage, was ratified only seven months after the 18th.

20th The 18th Amendment did not prohibit the drinking of alcohol.

As you can see from the banned language of manufacture, sale and transport, the 18th Amendment did not prohibit the drinking of Hooch per se. There was much less to do.

21st There were 1520 federal agents focused on the fight against alcohol.

The Ministry of Finance and the Coast Guard were responsible for enforcing the ban, and 1520 agents – many of them with little training – fought breweries, home-based operations, and smugglers on land and at sea.

22nd Doctors had a medical gap during Prohibition.

Doctors advocated prescribing alcohol for medical purposes while the drug was illegal. Thousands of doctors and pharmacists received official licenses and made a lucrative appearance. However, there were limits to how much a patient could get: half a liter every 10 days.

23rd Clergymen could also serve sacramental wine during Prohibition.

In 1922, the IRS chief and main prohibition regulator David Blair lifted the ban on wine for religious purposes. It is likely that most local authorities have already consumed the churches before.

24th Medical alcohol really helped Walgreen.

The burgeoning pharmacy makes milk shakes good, but the sale of alcohol when it was illegal helped Walgreen in the 1920s to expand from 20 stores to 525.

25th The British refused to support the fight against illegal smuggling.

During Prohibition, British-led Nassau in the Bahamas became a smuggling hub. Therefore, the US government repeatedly asked the British government to help combat the illegal smuggling. They did not – probably because alcohol imports into the Bahamas increased from 5,000 to 10 million between 1917 and 1922, and the government imposed tariffs on everything.

26th Winston Churchill had a medical certificate for alcohol so he could drink during Prohibition in America.

Prescriptions for medical alcohol were a luxury, and there was that annoying cap on how much you could get – unless you were Winston Churchill. Not only did his prescription contain an "indefinite" amount of alcohol, the doctor also set a minimum limit of 250 cubic centimeters (just over 8 ounces).

27th During prohibition, the breweries began producing ice cream and pottery.

While the church helped to keep the wine industry alive, the brewers had to change to survive. The equipment, down to the refrigerated lorries, made ice for Anheuser-Busch and Yuengling a lucrative change, and Coors built and expanded its bottling company to make pottery and ceramic pipes for the military.

28th They also made beer without alcohol.

It is unlikely that it could be described as beer, but Anheuser-Busch also predicted the adoption of the ban and in 1916 launched the Bevo non-alcoholic cereal-based beverage.

29th Anheuser-Busch had beer ready when the ban ended.

In another sign of the company's future orientation, Anheuser-Busch received government approval to brew 55,000 barrels of beer in anticipation of the end of Prohibition, which is why people could raise their glasses when they heard the law dead.

30. People bought bread ingredients to make beer at home.

Sorry, Homebrewers: During Prohibition it was illegal to make beer at home. Fortunately, the breweries also sold malt extract as a baking additive to the public, with no one actually baked. According to a newspaper, every week in a Ohio town enough malt extract was sold to make 16 loaves for each person who lived there.

31st During Prohibition you could also buy a brick from grapes.

In a similar rotation, the winemakers sold bricks made from dried grape juice, which was provided with a warning label with explicit instructions on how it should not be soaked and fermented in delicious wine. [19659003] 32. The ban encouraged the Waldorf-Astoria to create the modern children's menu.

Hotel restaurants kept children away, but with the threat of losing money during the ban, the famous Waldorf Astoria in New York turned to the youth market with a special menu featuring Little Jack Horner and grilled lamb chops.

33rd The ban gave birth to NASCAR.

The connection between illegal driving and the sport of incredibly fast driving is quite obvious: Moonshiners transported their illegal goods in the fastest cars they could build to evade the police. Because it's fun to drive fast, people did it without police, and until 1947 NASCAR was founded.

34th During prohibition, men and women started drinking together.

Before Prohibition, men and women were largely socially separated. The pub was a pure male domain. When alcohol became illegal, speakeasies who were already breaking the law saw no real need to discriminate against who they were sold to, and so did women. Over time, men and women who drank together and listened to music in a crowded, sweaty room became the norm.

35th During prohibition, brand name alcohol became a big deal.

Moonlight was cheap, but he could blind you. Or kill you. So if you had the money, you would order something with a familiar name and a reassuring label. Foreign spirits manufacturers created brands specifically designed for the US market to exploit the consumer's desire not to be killed by unregulated alcohol.

36th During Prohibition, there was an explosion of slang.

Bathtub Gin. Juice connection. Whale. Blotto. Many words sprang from the collective imagination, while blacksmiths used white lightning to drink the dogs to the cunning.

37th Congressmen continued to drink and had their own suppliers.

The pirate George Cassiday brought bottles of alcohol in a briefcase to the congress buildings and averaged 25 trips a day. He became known as "The Man in the Green Hat" when he was arrested in a green hat and was not allowed to enter the office building of the Cannon House (so he moved to the Russell Building). The Capitol Police let him go largely unchecked, but the Prohibition Office initiated a puncture operation that sent Cassiday to jail for 18 months.

38th Cassiday estimated that 80 percent of congressmen drank illegally.

The pirate wrote articles for the Washington Post claiming that 80 percent of congressmen violated their own law during Prohibition. Apparently, they also left bottles everywhere.

. 39 There were a lot of people in the White House.

Ban, ban. President Warren Harding (who voted as a Senator for the Volstead Act) had a well-stocked bar in the White House and had frequent poker evenings where everyone sipped whiskey.

40th Enforcement during the ban was tragically uneven.

As Congress and the President continued to drink and the rich got on expensive "medical" liquor from pharmacies, police enforced the law dramatically among urban immigrants and African American communities.

41st The ban reversed public opinion when tipping.

Before the ban, the public saw tipping as an outdated ghost of the aristocracy. However, as alcohol sales disappeared overnight, many companies suffered from paying fewer servers – encouraging customers to tip the servers to make up the difference.

42 Alcohol consumption fell during prohibition.

In the first days after the entry into force of the Volstead Act, alcohol consumption dropped to 30 percent of pre-prohibition levels. It jumped up again when the 18th Amendment was still in effect, but only at 60 to 70 percent of its original level.

43rd The ban to stop required what had never been done.

In the United States, there are two methods to ratify changes to the Constitution: one sends the change to state legislators; The second is the transfer to state ratification conventions. The second method was never used before the 21st changed the 18th, and since then it has not been applied. On December 5, 1933, Utah, as the 36th state, approved the repeal of the ban and made the change official. Maine passed it the following day, and Montana passed it purely symbolically in the following August.

44th Two states immediately rejected the lifting of the ban.

Both South Carolina and North Carolina have not ratified the 21st Amendment. More dramatically, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Oklahoma did not even call a convention.

45th FDR drank a martini to mark the end of prohibition.

Prohibition lasted 13 years, and when Utah overruled its supporters, President Franklin Roosevelt celebrated with a martini and said, "What America needs now is a drink."

46th Some states remained dry after the ban was lifted.

As you may see from states that have refused to consider the 21st Amendment in the first place, not everyone was looking forward to drinking again. For example, Kansas banned alcohol until 1948. In Kansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee, the districts must opt ​​to legalize alcohol. Meanwhile, about 18 million Americans live in "dry" areas.

47th The black market earned $ 3 billion a year during Prohibition.

According to Dr. James Doran referred $ 3 billion to the illegal alcohol industry in an annual 1930 interview, with 25 million gallons of alcohol a year coming from distillation – large, hidden stills. "In terms of inflation, that's $ 45 billion today, and it cost the government $ 11 billion in tax losses and more than $ 300 million in enforcement."

48. 70% of Americans drink now.

Despite the ban, Americans have never fallen in love with alcohol, according to the National Drug Use and Health Survey of 2018, about 70 percent of Americans over the age of 18 had consumed alcohol in the past year, more than half said last month

49 Nearly a fifth of Americans consider alcohol use to be morally wrong.

According to a Gallup poll from 2019, 19 percent of Americans claim that alcohol use is morally wrong, and a CNN poll by 2014 [PDF] revealed that 18 percent believe alcohol should not be legal, so no wonder that …

50. The Prohibition Party still exists.

Your Platt form is still anchored in Christianity and supports the support of winegrowers in changing their harvest.


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