Noor in uniform
In the months that followed, Khan SOE provided data on the remains of espionage circles and locations where resistance supplies could be delivered. It provided information on the rescue of two hiding in Paris In the same way, she also helped escape 30 other Allied pilots who had survived being shot down over France.
Throughout this period, Khan stayed one step ahead of the Gestapo by constantly evading Moving from place to place to transmit, she dyed her hair in different colors and used different disguises. Once she was cornered by two German officers on the subway. They noticed her suitcase carrying her secret transmitter they asked what was the case, "A cinema projector," Khan replied, opening the case slightly and allowing the officers to peek inside. "There are the little light bulbs. Have you never seen one? "Apparently, their confidence and audacity was so embarrassing to the Germans that they accepted their story and did not hold it.
But Khan's capture was only a matter of time. The Gestapo had received their description and was on guard. SOE advised Khan asked to stay again and promised to calm down.
On October 13, 1943, NSA agents (19459013) localized and arrested Noor Inayat Khan and took her to the SD headquarters in Paris for questioning. It is uncertain how they identified her as a spy, although historians suspect that she was betrayed by Renée Garry, sister of Emile Garry, director of the Cinema Circuit, or Khan may have been by SOE officer Henri Dericourt, who was later suspected as an SD double agent, and after all reports, Khan did not disclose their SOE connections or activities, but under the effects German counterintelligence agencies provide a comprehensive written record of their secret messages. Apparently she had misunderstood her command to "be extremely careful when submitting your messages" where "submission" meant "submission", but Khan confused this with records. Khan was captured. On her first night, she tried to escape through a bathroom window, but was quickly taken back.
The head of the Paris SD office, Major Hans Josef Kieffer, used a light touch by Khan to keep her in decent conditions and to conduct pleasant, seemingly harmless conversations and interrogations. While Khan never shared information about SOE, she provided personal details about her family life that she thought were harmless.
With this personal data and with Khan's files, the Germans sent false messages in Madeleine's name within a few weeks. SOE was originally reported to have been captured in October, but when the Germans began broadcasting on their behalf, Buckmaster and other SOE officers believed that Khan had again evaded capture. The SD faked SOE so completely that Buckmaster Khan recommended a medal on February 24, 1944, because he thought it was still free. The fake transfers resulted in the arrest and execution of other SOE activists and the confiscation of Allied funds to fund resistance operations.
Meanwhile, Khan and two other detained agents tried to escape. They managed to get a screwdriver to loosen their cell sticks. The three broke out on November 25, 1943 and fled to the roof. Unfortunately, an air raid rang out. The prisoners' cells were found empty and shortly afterwards captured by the Germans. Had it not been for the air raid siren's misfortune, the prisoners might have made their escape well.
Kieffer decided not to execute Khan or to torture him. Instead, he asked for her word of honor that she would not try to flee again. Khan declined. On November 27, Kieffer sent her to Pforzheim Prison in Germany, which was classified as a dangerous prisoner. Khan was held as a
"night and fog" prisoner, a term that means "night and fog". It was a sentence that was applied to prisoners who were considered highly dangerous and who were therefore made to "disappear".
In Pforzheim, Khan was kept in solitary confinement on minimal rations. No one spoke to her except the German guards. Her arms and legs were tied up day and night, and a third chain connected her arms and feet. She was also beaten. But she didn't reveal any secrets. The prison governor, who showed sympathy for the woman, ordered her to tie her up, but the Gestapo headquarters refused.
Given her solitary confinement, Khan's stay in prison may have been lost for history, but she managed to smuggle a word from her presence to other female prisoners by scratching messages on the back of a bowl that circulated between them. She didn't give her real name and wrote that it was too dangerous. Rather, she used her mother's maiden name and identified herself as Nora Baker, a Radio Center Officer with the Royal Air Force.
Khan grew more frail over the months. Still, she wouldn't give up any information. The women in the nearby cells often heard her crying herself to sleep.
On September 11, 1944, Khan was transferred to the notorious Dachau concentration camp with two other female prisoners. While there are conflicting versions of what happened to her there, the most sensible case is made by the biographer Shrabani Basu, who had access to accounts that weren't available in previous decades. According to Basan, Khan was stripped, beaten, and likely raped by a security guard named Ruppert upon arrival in Dachau. She lay unconscious in her cell, wounded and bleeding. On September 13, she was shot in the head. They executed some reports with the other two prisoners, others shot them in their cell. Her last word was "Liberté". Khan's body was cremated. The location of their ashes is unknown.
Extract from Noor's SOE file
On January 16, 1946, Charles De Gaulle Noor Khan posthumously awarded the French gold star – the Croix de Guerre – for their courageous escape from and their struggle against the enemy Great Britain also awarded her the George Cross for her moral and physical courage, plaques commemorating her bravery in Great Britain and France in 1949. In 1952, Jean Overton Fuller wrote a biography of Noor Khan, which was largely forgotten in history until 2007 Biography of Shrabani Basu.
Noor Inayat Khan, a pacifist who was driven by the war to fight for her idealism and ultimately to die, still arouses admiration to this day, and in 2018 historians and activists fought for her resemblance The campaign failed with the Bank of England, which preferred a scientific figure E. Still, Khan remains History persists despite its shortcomings – mistakes that made it imperfect as a spy, but also humanized it, made it relatable and gave it the decision not to break when it mattered.