Prior to World War II, the pride and status of a nation was reflected in the power of the navy demonstrated by its navy, with battleships epitomizing military strength at sea. Battleships were both expensive and impressive, huge floating steel fortresses built to fight each other in the ultimate battle over the oceans. World War II proved that they were outdated. Monuments from another time. Two new weapons have been developed to control the oceans: the aircraft carrier and the submarine. The surface warfare capabilities of the United States Navy today are focused on the aircraft carrier, and the United States operates more fixed-wing aircraft at sea than the rest of the world combined. But there are also other types of aircraft carriers, and 1
Many of them were designed to combat the other great naval weapons that emerged from World War II and that in 2000 acquired far greater capabilities: the submarine. The range of weapons carried by modern submarines, including ballistic intercontinental ballistic missiles, anti-ship missiles and mines, and cruise missiles that can hit targets at sea or on land, make the submarine a platform for tactical operations at sea and on land , Submarines also carry their traditional weapon, the torpedo, although they have capabilities that would have driven the submariners of World War II into the silence they are famous for. Submarines and anti-submarine capabilities make the world's smaller navies a potential threat, even to the celebrated American carrier fleets. Here are the most powerful navies in the world.
10th The Navy of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Taiwanese Navy is abbreviated to ROCN in English and is small in comparison to the main players in the Pacific. Its main task is the defense of the Republic of China, and its perceived as a major threat to this mission People's Republic of China and its growing maritime capabilities . The fleet consists almost exclusively of foreign vessels, which are provided by the USA, France and the Netherlands. The focus is on the fight against ships and submarines. It operates submarines that were decommissioned by NATO navies, and a fleet air base on land. It has also begun construction of submarines that have been independently built and equipped with their own weapons systems and submarines from the US and other allies.
No fewer than 22 frigates carry the Taiwanese flag at sea, supported by four destroyers, attack missile ships and patrol boats. The Taiwan Navy supports U-boat combat operations by the United States and its Pacific and Indian Pacific allies and is an important component of the defense machinery in waters that have recently become areas of conflict between East and West. The Taiwanese Navy launched in 2014 a program to fully modernize its naval fleet in the 21st century, including the replacement of its entire surface fleet and the construction of new submarines. As the fleet is modernized, it relies less on it. Ships being built abroad will support an internal shipbuilding program that will create jobs throughout Taiwan, which is undoubtedly being scrutinized by the People's Republic of China.
. 9 Marina Militare Italiana, also known as the Italian Navy
During most of the first half of the 20th century England and France have agreed that the British Royal Navy will be responsible for the defense of the North Sea and the North Atlantic French counterparts would have primary responsibility for the Mediterranean (but the British retained their massive fleet base in Gibraltar and extended bases in Malta and North Africa). Before the Second World War, the French Navy was largely designed to counteract the Italian Navy Regina Marina, who was tall, powerful and professional. For the most part, at the end of World War II, it did not exist, but the French did not. In the 21st century, it was reborn and is an essential factor in the control of the seas in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean.
The Italian Navy began a downgrading of the number of personnel and ships that it will maintain in the early 21st st century, with the aim of achieving the cuts without degrading performance. It operates over 180 ships, including two light aircraft carriers flying Harrier vertical takeoff and landing aircraft, and three amphibious warships operating helicopter rotary-wing aircraft. As before World War II, the Italian Navy is capable and sometimes operates in the Atlantic, but its main mission is in the Mediterranean. An aggressive modernization program currently underway will provide the Italian fleet with some of the world's most technologically advanced surface warships by 2025, including more than 30 ships simultaneously capable of conducting surface, air and submarine warfare. The Marina Miltare Italiana is an impressive military force in the 21st st century.
. 8 The Navy of the Republic of Korea, also known as the South Korean Navy
F or the largest part of its existence, which dates back to the defeat of imperial Japan in 1945, has the South Korean Navy to combat the North Korean Navy and The North Korean Navy focused on patrolling the waters of the Korean Peninsula. During the Korean War in the 1950s, the vast majority of the United Nations naval force involved in the conflict came from the United States. In the 21st st century, the South Korean Navy began to settle in the deep waters of the Pacific. She became a so-called Blue Water Marine with skills that enable her to effectively operate far from home. The South Korean Navy has steadily built its own Blue Water Fleet (South Korea has one of the largest shipbuilding capacities in the world) and replaces most of its ships, once built in the US and Europe, with locally manufactured ships.
The result has been the development of a high-performance and professional deep-sea fleet, including a submarine flotilla that can carry both coastal patrols near Korea and long-distance cruises on international sea routes. The South Korean navy, which includes some 29,000 South Korean marines, employs about 70,000 uniformed personnel. In order not to think that the South Korean naval activities are confined to the distant Pacific, South Korean units have since 2009 against pirates near Somalia and with NATO units along the coast of North Africa. Its 16 operational submarines operate independently, and some have the ability to fire cruise missiles against both sea and land targets, making them stealth weapons of considerable strength.
. 7 The Indian Navy
Today's Indian Navy can trace its ancestors back to the British East Indian Company when in 1612 the company's naval base was established to protect merchant ships transporting the subcontinent's wealth to England. For most of its history, the Indian Navy was inextricably linked to the British Raj. It has been independent of the British since 1950 and has developed into a thoroughly modern and powerful naval force during its 70 years of existence. The nuclear-capable India operates nuclear-powered submarines and a ballistic missile submarine that can fire nuclear warheads against its enemies. For their protection, the Indians, as well as the rest of their fleet of nearly 140 vessels, operate several conventionally powered submarines.
Although the focus is on the waters of the Indian Ocean, the Indian Navy is able to project forces throughout the world to power the world, and has operated in all the oceans. It operates aircraft of Russian, American and French manufacturers or under license in Indian facilities. The same multinational approach is also evident in the submarine fleet. The conventional submarines operated by the Indians are of Russian, German and French descent, and the Indians also operate former Soviet atomic submarines of the Akula class . The Indians have an active program for submerged ballistic missiles, which is planned to deploy in the first half of the 21st century ballistic missile with nuclear warheads on no less than six submarines.
. 6 The Marine National, also known as the French Navy
It was the French Navy that fought off the British Royal Navy and fleets in North American waters long enough for George Washington and a Franco-American force to capitulate to Yorktown in the year 1781 brought the coup de grace for the imperial ambitions of Great Britain in America. It was probably the culmination of the long existence of the French Navy. During the Napoleonic era battle sails, it was often thwarted by the British fleet, and by the end of World War II, most of its large fleet was either damaged, destroyed or in the hands of its allies. Reconstructed as a modernized force since the Second World War, it remains a powerful weapon in the hands of the French government in the 21st century. It is the only fleet in the world other than the United States that operates a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the Charles de Gaulle. The French operate about 180 ships and over 200 aircraft] with over 36,000 employees and a large civilian support force. In addition to its nuclear-powered carrier, he operates ballistic missiles and attack submarines on nuclear power, and has been a major proponent of the Global War on Terror. An interesting aspect of the French navy is that, unlike in television and cinema dramas, mon capitaine is not referred to as an army or air force officer. Simply Capitaine is enough. In recent years, the French Navy has worked closely with its British counterpart (and the long-standing historical nemesis) in purchasing new ships and weapon systems as a cost-saving measure, though it continues to operate the largest and most powerful fleet of the Western nations of Europe.
. 5 The Royal Navy, also known as the British Navy
Britannia no longer dominates the waves and has not done so for many years (and not anymore), but the Royal Navy continues to be one of the world's most powerful and powerful certainly the most traditional navy in the world. If everything goes according to plan, the Royal Navy will run until the mid-2030s, two large aircraft carriers, which would provide approximately the same performance as a carrier of the US class by Gerald Ford but from Great Britain It is planned that only one of the two ships, the Queen Elizabeth class, is operational at the same time. They are said to carry air wings of predominantly American-style aircraft, including F-35 Lightnings as their main attack fighter.
In other words, the Royal Navy, once clearly the dominant sea-fighting force in the world, no longer occupies that role. and in numbers of ships alone would not be included in this list. But it maintains a significant fleet, and the capabilities of its ships are in line with those of the much larger navies. The Royal Navy only occasionally uses ships in the Far East, once dominated by its waters, although it continues to support NATO operations and its powerful ballistic missile forces by four armed Trident submarines, the Vanguard, dissuade] class. The Royal Navy also operates four submarines with nuclear propulsion, three others are planned as submarines (compared to the United States operate in this case 58 submarines with nuclear propulsion).
. 4 The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, also known as the Japanese Navy
Officially, Japan does not operate either an army or a navy. Her constitution limits her as a nation to the maintenance of self-defense forces. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force was founded after World War II when the Imperial Japanese Navy captured much of the Pacific and Indian Oceans before being defeated by the US Navy and its allies. The Japanese self-defense force maintains from 2019 154 ships and 346 aircraft of different types. By comparison, the Royal Navy, which has no such constitutional restrictions, operates 75 ships and about half the number of aircraft. In the 1990s, after the Gulf War, minesweepers sent Japanese self-defense forces into the Persian Gulf to clear mines.
Mine-Search is a marine specialty for which the Japanese are in the 21st century as they stand for submarine combat abilities. Due to the shortage of aircraft carriers in some aspects of anti-submarine defense, the Japanese announced in late 2018 the retrofitting of certain existing ships to accommodate American F-35 aircraft, and gave the Japanese Navy – excuse their self-defense force, since the end During World War II, it is the first ground-based aircraft capable of launching at sea. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force operates in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, including in support of international operations against piracy and drug smuggling, as well as in defense exercises with the United States and other allies.
. 3 The People's Liberation Army Navy, also known as the Chinese Navy
Instead of dropping the somewhat disagreeable name of the People's Liberation Army in naming their navy, Communist China simply added the naval forces and launched the People's Liberation Army. For the rest of the world, it is commonly known as the Chinese Navy. It's anything but a joke. In addition to 10,000 marines, more than a quarter of a million people are on duty. It also has an Air Force of over 26,000 men and women in uniform, who are responsible for the operation of over 700 aircraft of all kinds. Without counting its numerous auxiliary ships (such as harbor tugs), it operates more than 700 ships, including 75 submarines, and more large battleships than any other navy in the world.
The Chinese Navy has also gained considerable experience in operating in blue water scenarios around the globe, even while participating in US-led exercises in the Pacific. It has experience in the fight against drugs and in the surveillance of international piracy waters. In addition to exercises with the American fleet, exercises were also conducted with ships and other units of the Russian Navy, including the Russian Pacific Fleet during missions in the Sea of Japan. Despite its enormous size, it is getting bigger, wins new ships and recruits crews to sail them. The ability to project Chinese power will be further developed, including the purchase of Ukraine hovercraft, high-speed ships, which will rapidly land large numbers of troops and support them with heavy armored vehicles, while the DropShips are protected by surface ships and submarines.
. 2 The Russian Navy military-maritime fleet, also known as the Russian Navy
The Russian Navy can look back on a long and confused history in one of its earlier iterations. When the Soviet Union collapsed in the 1980s, most of its naval units, as well as most bases and bases, were incorporated into the Russian Federation. The Navy was the weakest sister in Russian history (and the Soviet Union) compared to the Russian army, which was neither well-funded nor well regarded by the ruling hierarchies. This changed in 2007, when the Navy gained the same status as the nuclear "deterrent forces" and the Russian Navy was reborn as it were. In terms of the number of ships it is very large, in terms of its true capabilities, it is a mystery to Western analysts. Much of the Cold War focused on the United States and the Soviets submarine warfare, as some call it, at sea, after which the Russian Navy fell into disrepute and decay. The change in attitude towards the fleet in 2007 has led to increased spending and operations, but it has been difficult to measure performance. At the end of the Cold War, the newest Soviet submarines were able to be as quiet as those of a country and, in some cases, better armed. In Russian hands, these abilities remain an X-factor. Nonetheless, the current Russian navy has a large and powerful surface force, a strong naval air force, and at least 64 submarines of various classes and ages, most of which can use nuclear weapons in addition to the submarines with ballistic missiles. Ships of the Russian Navy are in use in all oceans, even where ships of the American Navy can be found.
. 1 The US Navy
The United States Navy, the most powerful navy in the world due to the capabilities of its aircraft carriers and its large and powerful nuclear submarines, is still facing challenges worldwide. The role of the aircraft carrier has changed since the Second World War, when he replaced the battleship as the main ship. Then it was his task to sink enemy carriers first, then sink other enemy ships, and finally deprive the nautical enemies of control of the oceans. Nowadays, the role of the aircraft carrier is no longer to sink enemy carriers (there are not so many), but rather to project air force over areas where enemies are contested. Before the Second World War, the obsolete battleship was used to project the power. In the 21st century, this role belonged to the aircraft carrier, and the US Navy is the world leader in the operation and use of aircraft carriers.
The United States The US Navy is so strategically dependent on the use of aircraft that it is the third largest air force in the world in terms of the number of aircraft. More than 3,700 airplanes display NAVY somewhere on their structure. Despite this concentration on the air, the US Navy also uses the strongest submarine troop in the world. The United States Navy is so large that it outclasses the next 13 of the combined navies in terms of tonnage of combat ships, including all other navies that make up the list. Over 300,000 men and women work in active employment. This makes it the third largest American force (after the Army and the Air Force), even though it is the largest and most powerful navy in the world.
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