The Favorite has received numerous nominations recently, and with good reason: The film traces the real power struggle between the Duchess of Marlborough Sarah Churchill (played by Rachel Weisz) and Lady Abigail Masham (Emma) after Stone ), as they try to win the favor of Anne, Queen of Great Britain ( The Crown Olivia Colman). While the film fakes some historical details – and adds a fictional drama to increase its entertainment value – it is generally based on a solid history. Here is a background. ( Spoiler ahead .)
1. Queen Anne was the queen of discomfort.
Queen Anne – who ruled as Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1
Many think that Anne is just terribly shy. (According to the book by British historian Anne Somerset Queen Anne: The Politics of Passion ), the queen performed unpleasant social situations, "just moving her lips and pretending she would say something when she true is." no words were spoken. ") In a scene in The Favorite Anne was pushed into a political corner before a speech in front of Parliament, and Anne fainted rather than give her speech.
. 2 Queen Anne was also plagued by health problems and tragedies.
Queen Anne tended to uncontrollable eye tears – called "defluxion" – and gout, as depicted in 19459003 The Favorite . Gout eventually immobilized her and led to a long struggle with obesity. (After Queen Anne died in 1714, she needed 14 people to carry her coffin.)
She was also at least 17 times pregnant, most of whom ended up in a miscarriage or stillbirth. Her children would die before the age of 2, and their longest living descendants made it only to the age of 11 years – without heirs. In the film, Queen Anne names 17 pet rabbits after her deceased children. This is fictional.  3. Sarah Churchill and Queen Anne were girlfriends of girls …
In the early 1670s, an approximately 13-year-old Sarah Churchill (then Jenyns or Jennings) met an eight-year-old Anne at the court of King Charles II Inseparable: In the course of time Anne Sarah was distinguished with a multitude of mighty tles: Lady of the Sleeping Room, Ranger of Windsor Great Park, Mistress of Robes, Groom of the Stole and Keeper of the purse. With these jobs came incredible access and influence – making Sarah the second most important person in the UK. "Sarah, who acted essentially as Queen's Gatekeeper, decided who should have access to the Monarch and exercised her political power accordingly," wrote Julie Miller for Vanity Fair .
. 4 … and Sarah controlled the queen.
Sarah Churchill (an ancestor of Winston Churchill) was remarkably blunt and refused to flatter Queen Anne, allegedly so hurtful of comments that they would tear the king to tears. Despite her tendency to bullying, Sarah Anne's closest confidant remained and often gave political advice. According to Cheyney, "While Anne dominated England, it was the … Lady Marlborough who dominated the queen."
Even the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography notes, "Sarah was an eminent executive who handled much of the court's affairs and correspondence, and those who wanted access to Anne first had to contact Sarah."  5. Abigail Masham came between the two.
In the early 1700s, Sarah Abigail – a cousin who had missed her luck – helped find Queen Anne as a housewife, according to Miller. "Put on the queen's clothing in the morning, put her hands on water, change their bandages, and bring their bowls of hot chocolate." For the next three years, Abigail was incredibly close to Queen Anne, but by now Sarah did not know her thriving relationship in the film in which Abigail poisons Sarah, however, is fictional.
6. Abigail exerted her influence very discreetly – by the Verwen a secret code.
Sarah and Abigail stood on opposite sides of Britain's political aisle. Abigail was a Tory (essentially a Royalist). Sarah was a whig (essentially a parliamentarian). When Abigail met her cousin Robert Harley, the Earl of Oxford, early to discuss how best to exercise her political influence, she decided to use the secret code "by acting as if they were chatting about relatives and Anne of [verweisen]. [a] Codename, "wrote Miller. (Harley and Marsham's family relationship is not mentioned in the movie.) Abigail would prove incredibly influential. According to Sarah, Abigail was so persuasive that she "could put the queen on her head if she wished" (19659002) 7. Sarah's demise began with a secret dowry.
When Abigail married Samuel Masham in 1707, Queen Anne, who was present at the wedding, showed her a £ 2000 dowry from the secret purse, as shown in The Favorite . Sarah, the Keeper of the purse, was shocked and insulted that the Queen had made such a payment without her knowledge. This triggered a permanent feud that eventually led to Sarah's extermination in 1710.
. 8 Sarah and Queen Anne had no sexual relationship – but the letters are real.
In the film, Sarah and Anne are involved in a close sexual relationship – and Sarah has the love letters to prove it. This is only half true: most historians argue that the two women were not romantically involved. (Remembering those 17 pregnancies, Anne was quite busy with her husband George.) But Sarah had letters from the Queen, written in the passionate, flowery style of a love letter. This kind of notes was common among friends at the time and not necessarily romantic in nature.
. 9 The rumors of the homosexuality of Queen Anne began … by Sarah
When Sarah sensed the decline in her political influence, she tried to blackmail the queen and threatened to release these embarrassing private letters. "Such things are in my power that, if known, a crown could be lost," she said. Sarah even spread rumors that Anne and Abigail were in a sexual relationship – a rumor maintained by this sassy poem:
Of some dark acts in the night. "
10th In the end, Abigail took Sarah's job – but only briefly
In the film, Sarah is banished and Abigail takes on her job as guardian of the Privy wallet. This is true, although Sarah's exile was largely self-imposed. After Sarah's family was thrown out of court, she lost all funds to build a palace. Therefore, they decided to disgrace England and instead travel between the European Courts. She would not return to England until Queen Anne died in 1714, when she returned to continue a life of hobbies with (and stirring) kings. Abigail, on the other hand, would withdraw from public life and retire to a country house.