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The fascinating secrets of Mars

Being one of the celestially closest objects, we still know so much about the planet Mars as about the depths of the ocean. Which is to say, not much. The things we've seen in pop culture about Mars have us conjure a red, dusty planet on which Matt Damon grows potato potatoes. But Mars has more to offer.

Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system (with only about 10 percent of the Earth's mass), but Earth and Mars have about the same amount of land. Mars also has the highest mountain in the entire known solar system. The biggest moon of Mars, Phobos, will one day be torn from the orbit of the planet and form a ring that will last hundreds of millions of years. These are some really cool things we know about the planet. However, there are still many Martian secrets that we have not quite figured out yet.

0 Mars has two drastically different hemispheres

The northern and southern hemisphere may have different topographies but are relatively similar. On the other hand, Mars has a much lower and flatter northern hemisphere, while the southern hemisphere has an average altitude about 3 miles higher. This is a pretty drastic difference geologically, and no other planet we know has such a feature.

Scientists once thought that a huge asteroid could have fallen early into the upper half of Mars creating a much flatter northern hemisphere. Later computer simulations made this theory seem less than ideal, unless the asteroid just glanced at the planet. Like a big, rocky kiss flattening part of Mars. Recent theories suggest that the resulting magma stream from such a cosmic strike would have flooded the southern hemisphere and created the resulting height difference in the terrain.

. 9 Mars has a lot of methane (normally produced by living things)

We humans usually come across low levels of methane levels from jokes to cow farting. And that's part of it. Methane is a greenhouse gas that contributes to the rising warmth of the earth. It is trapped in our atmosphere and causes the temperature of our planet to rise even more than carbon dioxide .

Strangely enough, Mars also has a lot of methane [19659-90]. But here's the kicker: Methane is normally released by living things. At least for the most part. So why is a planet that we never discovered when we released a biosignature? Well, we do not know it yet. It may have been trapped under the ice for an eternity or caused by a release of ancient microbes on the planet or even by a crazy chemical reaction. We know that a spacecraft methane cloud has been detected more than once in the Martian orbit, due to the difficulty of taking up the gas, especially in such a thin atmosphere that the planet possesses.

. 8 Mars has signs of water, but it can not come from the surface.

The discovery of ice near the Martian Pole caused waves in the scientific community in 2008. If there is ice, does that mean there is water, and if there is water, that is, it could give life, right? Well, calm down, Andretti, because there is much more going on here.

Yes, there have been more and more patches of icy polar ice caps and frost-filled craters. And that's really cool. But what if we told you that there is a subterranean lake with stagnant water on Mars? That should not be possible. Liquids at this depth from the surface should have a temperature of -68 degrees Celsius. Orbiting satellites do not have a picture of this "lake" yet, but that could be tricky as it's underground. And, of course, part of the scientific community is using this to prove that life on Mars is an undeniable truth. It's pretty tempting, especially when you think about how and where we started people.

. 7 Can we live on Mars?

This one seems pretty simple. It would be a hard no, right? At least with the technical possibilities that we currently have? And the atmosphere is very different from Earth, so we can not just walk around like in everyday life.

Despite all sacred and rational things, NASA is determined to give the starting signal for the human settlement of Mars . By 2030, they will take root on the red planet. Radiation is an obvious problem if we ever set up a business there, so underground shelters would be a must. We can not grow food in the soil. As ever. But humans had to start all over here on Earth, so we would probably eventually find a way to use the alien resources of Mars to develop new survival methods. There is really no way to know how to sustain ourselves on Mars in the long term until the first humans reach the planet.

. 6 Why has Mars totally changed its climate?

One billion years in the grand scheme of the universe is not much at all. Four billion years ago, water flowed from the vast veins of old waterbeds on the surface of Mars across the planet. Knowing that Mars is about four and a half billion years old, science can say with some certainty that the red, dusty planet we now think of was rather humid in the old days (ew).

Then something happened somewhere along the way in the next few billion years. The Martian atmosphere begins to disappear. The sun reached the next stages in the life cycle of a star and became hotter. So how did the red planet still have water in a place in the universe where the sun should have evaporated everything? According to a rather cool-sounding theory Mars may have been closer to the Sun closer to Venus, and then followed like a C student until it finally landed where it is currently located. It is also about the best answer we have right now, because we do not even really know why the earth has water .

. 5 We do not know much about the two moons of Mars.

Being so close to Earth, we know very little about Mars, much less about the two strange moons of Mars, Phobos and Deimos. Some think it may have been asteroids orbiting Mars, but the problem with this theory is that the shapes and angles of the moons do not necessarily fit this scenario. It is more likely that something hit Mars hard and hurled the last moons into orbit.

While we are in the Realm of the Mad, there are some formations on Phobos that would trigger night sweats from conspiracy theorists. There appears to be a large rectangular monolith on Phobos that is over 90 meters high. It's probably just an abnormal piece of Martian rock, but it's still pretty remarkable.

. 4 What caused the bright white light in a photo from 2019?

If you're responsible for receiving photos of Mars from a rover years away, you may be surprised if you see a picture with a bright white spot on which no images should be. not be one. An image taken by the Curiosity Rover in June 2019 showed a strange white glow in the distance behind some hills.

Aliens were, as would be expected, the direct explanation of non-scientists. But it was most likely a lensing or a cosmic ray, and NASA has admittedly captured tons of these things. The white anomaly will not be displayed in images taken just before or after the event, and the team that created the Curiosity camera system indicates that lots of brightly blurred images appear every week. Can they still prove that it is a lens effect? It seems that extraterrestrials say they're throwing us off.

. 3 How do the dry ice pits line the Mars poles?

We have already mentioned that the Mars poles contain some known ice deposits, which means liquid, which means potential life. We also know that there is a subglacial lake near the South Pole, the first known stable body of water we have found on the planet. What's really interesting about these polar ice caps is that there are some pits of dry ice nearby that are … well, we do not really know.

There is a kind of dust lining these beautiful pits. They are huge, some of them have a diameter of two hundred feet. There is a possibility that the dust with which they are lined Gold is but we still do not know it exactly.

. 2 How do the huge dust storms on Mars happen?

  Dust Storm on Mars

The thin, brittle atmosphere on Mars is absolutely perfect for some really epic dust storms that can shoot particles at over 60 MPH and in some cases the entire planet 19659006] cover for weeks.

These planetary scale dust storms still hold a big secret: we believe they are the largest dust storms in the solar system, and since the planet is essentially a desert, you do not need much to get them rolling, and Although science is pretty sure that sunshine is the trigger, they are not sure how they get so massive. One theory is that the dust particles are heated by the sunlight, which then heats the thin atmosphere, causes more wind and thus captures more particles in a repeating cycle. Of course we still say aliens.

. 1 Did life on earth come from Mars?

Wear us here, we'll be weird soon. Perhaps you already know the basic theories of how life began, without exception: big bang, primeval mud, etc. At the beginning of Earth's history, there were virtually no building blocks of life. Do you remember, as we mentioned, that early Mars could have been a typical Goldilocks planet? What if the bare necessities of life came from outer space, survive the voyage, for example, with a meteorite and arrive on Earth and evolve there? That's something that science thinks a lot.

It is called Panspermia and indicates that life in the form of spores has arrived on our home planet. Basically, life may have arrived on Earth and not started on Earth. The original soup version of the life structure contains some water, but it is this very water that almost kills RNA (a vital part of genetics) in their tracks. Minerals like boron and molybdenum give life to RNA, and they were abundant on Mars four billion years ago. So when we talk about aliens on Mars, we're probably referring only to our last common ancestor.

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