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The fan theory argues that the sharks from Jaws and the finding of Nemo are related

On February 3, 1959, musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson (along with pilot Roger Peterson) killed in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa. The date was known as "The day the music died". Holly was only 22 years old at the time, but had a lasting influence on the history of music. Here are some things you may not know about Holly and his music on the occasion of his 60th death anniversary.

. 1 He opened for Elvis Presley.

When Buddy Holly attended high school, he played the guitar. In 1953, when he was only 17 years old, he played regularly on the radio of the Western-Western duo Buddy and Bob (Bob was Bob Montgomery, a friend of elementary school). On February 1

3, 1955, Buddy and Bob opened for Elvis at the Fair Park Coliseum in Lubbock – and Holly borrowed Presley's Martin guitar for it. The couple would open twice for Presley this year.

. 2 "Peggy Sue" was originally "Cindy Lou".

The single released on September 20, 1957 first bore the artist of Holly's niece Cindy Lou Kaiter. But Jerry Allison, drummer of The Crickets, who co-wrote the song with Holly and Norman Petty, prevailed after his girlfriends Peggy Sue Gerron. Happy End: Allison and Peggy Sue got married. Unhappy: They were divorced in 1965.

"Peggy Sue" became number three on the Billboard Single Charts and 2011 Rolling Stone became her 197th on the list of the 500 greatest songs of all time. 19659002] 3. "Rock & Roll, as we know, would not exist without Buddy Holly."

The source of the above quote is the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, who should know it. Their opinion, however, is widespread. Bruce Eder, who wrote on AllMusic.com, described Holly as "the most influential creative force in early rock & # 39; roll." In 2011 Rolling Stone he was ranked 13th in his list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" – extraordinary considering that at the age of 22 he died after less than two years of recording career.

. 4 He only had a number one hit.

It's hard to imagine, since so many Buddy Holly singles are classics, but only one on the US charts: "That's the day," in 1957. He also reached the top spot in England, and not long after, The Quarrymen reported in their first recording about it. You can hear it on The Beatles Anthology.

. 5 Without Holly's band The Crickets there would be no Beatles.

John, Paul, George and Stu Sutcliffe (who played bass for the band during the Hamburg Days) were all big Buddy Holly fans. When they tried to find a new name for their band (The Quarrymen, whose original name became longer and longer after the school they went to), they thought of the crickets. Then insects. Then beetle. Then, after several variations, as a pun … Beatles.

"It was beat and bug, and when you said it, people thought of crawling things, and if you read it, it was beat music," John Lennon said in 1964.

6. He refused Ed Sullivan.

Well, at least the third time: In 1957 and 1958, Holly and the Crickets Workaholics were in the fast lane, constantly touring and recording whenever they had a chance. They played twice in the popular variety show Ed Sullivan, however, had a disagreement with Sullivan before the last appearance, who said that she was not "Oh Boy!" Should play (he thought it was too unpredictable). They played it anyway. With great success, when they were invited back to the TV tent, "Buddy told Sullivan's people to forget it, the Lubbock boys no longer needed it," wrote Robert Draper in Texas Monthly . 19659006] Holly and Sullivan collided during the rehearsal of the show, and Holly's band went into AWO L, temporarily, "I think the crickets are not too excited to attend the Ed Sullivan Show ," the host said , "I hope you're fucking more excited than me," Holly replied.

. 7 His glasses made him a fashion trendsetter.

When Holly left, he was wearing nondescript plastic and wire goggles, but his ophthalmologist – inspired by Phil Silvers' character "Sergeant Bilko" – persuaded him to switch to horn-rimmed glasses models. These were soon known as "Buddy Holly Glasses". "It was Buddy's perception that the glasses helped him," said his optician. J. Davis Armistead. "He was really pleased."

He needed the glasses because he had a view of 20/800.

If you're ever in Lubbock and want to find the Buddy Holly Center, look for a giant horn lens: A 5ft, 13ft wide, 750lb eyewear sculpted by Lubbock artist Steve Teeters, was released there in 2002 Installed.

. 8 He was the prototypical singer-songwriter.

Before Holly came, pop music performance and songwriting were mostly separate businesses; Composers composed pieces like the New York Brill Building, and the performers selected these songs to record and sing in concert. But Holly and the crickets wrote most of their own material, which did not go unnoticed by the next generation of rock and roller. "The fact that the group relied on originals on their singles made them unique and made them years ahead of their time," wrote Bruce Eder on Billboard.com, noting that the group's top three big hits – "Das the day, "Oh Boy!" and "Peggy Sue" – were originals, a stark contrast to Elvis Presley, who did not write his own songs.

9. He "discovered" Waylon Jennings.

Holly and Jennings had met in Lubbock, Texas, her hometown, and Holly took Jennings under her wing, including setting up Jenny's first recording session – and playing the guitar on two songs set that day: "Jole Blon" and "When Sin Stops". Love Begins). "

After the Crickets disbanded in late 1958, Holly hired guitarist Tommy Allsup, drummer Carl Bunch, and Jennings to form his new band. (Jennings played electric bass.) The four would the headline act on be the Midwestern Winter Dance Party tour that began on January 23, 1959. The acts traveled on the 24-city route by bus, but the brutally cold weather and long distances between nocturnal appearances proved to be a problem that Holly aircraft from a tour date in Clear Lake, Iowa, to Fargo, North Dakota, had chartered near the next planned location.

It was a small plane. and Jennings originally had one of the seats, but gave his place to JP Richardson (the Big Bopper).

The plane crashed shortly after takeoff in a windy blizzard and killed together with the pilot Holly, Richardson and Ritchie Valens. The tour "Winter Dance Party" continued without their headliners – Jennings sang Holly's vocals.

Jennings felt guilty about the accident for the rest of his life. When he told the story in Waylon: At Autobiography Holly and he had annoyed themselves before the plane's departure: "Well, I hope your old bus freezes," said Holly, to which Jennings responded. "Well, I hope your old plane crashes.

10 The" widowed bride "referred to in Don McLean's" American Pie "was Holly's wife.

Turned into Don McLean's 1971 classic In the third verse, he sings, "I can not remember when I cried when I read about his widowed bride."

The bride was María Elena Holly (née Santiago), the buddy just two weeks after meeting, she married at a music publisher in New York, where she worked, she was pregnant when he died, but miscarried a few days later, and Santiago-Holly still controls much of the ongoing business associated with Holly's music but it does not own the songs – they are held by Paul McCartney.

In 2009, Santiago-Holly told MassLive.com that she liked "American Pie" "but did not agree with his central premise." Buddy is vielle Not here, but the music did not die, "she said. "It's still alive and he's fine."

This article originally appeared in 2016.

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