Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, the Bush administration and the Department of Justice have developed a comprehensive intelligence program to be implemented by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The plan included several coded, misleading and euphemistic terms such as "improved query techniques", "increased pressure phase" and "persistent conditioning". However, all actions had a common denominator: torture.
A variety of recently released documents, including a 535-page study conducted by the United States. The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) unveiled an astonishing account of how the CIA conducted a largely ineffective campaign to gather information from suspected terrorists. In addition, Mark P. Denbeaux, the lawyer at Abu Zubaydah, detained in Guantanamo Bay, published a very vivid report describing the abuse his client suffered in secret prisons in "black places".
Transfer, here is what was in stock for the average "terrorist suspect" regardless of her innocence and in fact without any kind of trial.
0th Deprivation of sleep
The purpose of deprivation of sleep as defined by the CIA aims to “the ability of individuals to think on their feet and motivate them to work through the discomfort associated with lack of sleep” varied from 7 days persistent vigilance to temporary sleep deprivation of up to three months.
Throughout 2003, prisoners underwent the frequent flyer program, in which they were transferred to other cells every few hours to disrupt sleep patterns and hinder their ability to resist interrogation. Various tactics included the use of cold water, bright flashing lights, and hunger. Deprivation of sleep would also combine with other interrogation techniques such as loud music.
. 9 Loud Music
Compared to the more physical torture techniques used in the government's torture program, loud music (not exceeding 79 decibels) appears relatively harmless. Sgt. Mark Hadsell, a member of the U.S. psychological surgery team, described the tactic from a far more sinister side: “When you play 24 hours, your brain and body functions slip, your train of thought slows down, and your will is broken. Then we come in and talk to them. "
The detainees were forced to listen to a number of songs continuously for several days, including" The Real Slim Shady "by Eminem," Saturday Night Fever ". from the Bee Gees and "We Are the Champions" from Queen. The selection also included booming non-stop tracks such as Barney's "I Love You" and the meow mix theme – with the sole aim of creating madness.
To despise Muslim culture and belief, the guards played Arabic music on the first day of Ramadan – an obvious disregard for Islamic law.
. 8 Tight imprisonment
The CIA often placed inmates in dark and confined spaces for long periods. The coffin would experience excruciating physical pain from muscle contractions and desensitization from isolation in the dark.
Zubaydah later described his time for countless hours in what he called "dog box". "As soon as they locked me in the box, I tried my best to sit up, but to no avail, because the box was too short. I tried to take a curled position, but it was too tight. "
A cramped environment later added another layer of psychological torture by inserting insects into the box. Although only harmless insects were used, the victim could not see what was being released until he was released.
. 7 Waterboarding
Much of what has been written and discussed in the media about the controversial use of waterboarding . According to Malcolm Nance, a former U.S. Navy chief petty officer and counterterrorism expert, the claim that waterboarding is not torture is simply a lie.
“Waterboarding is not a simulation . If you weren't strapped to the board, survived the excruciating sensation of water that overwhelmed your gag reflex, and then feel your throat open and you involuntarily get half a liter of water in your lungs, you don't know what that is means word. “
In short, waterboarding is controlled drowning. The inmate's face is covered with a towel and tied to a board. It is then lowered at an angle so that the head is closer to the floor than the rest of the body. The steepness of the angle correlates directly with the severity of the exercise. Then water is slowly poured around the nose and mouth, which makes breathing difficult and the perception of suffocation and panic.
Waterboarding was included on this list of American soldiers as part of the controversial SERE of the US military (survival, evasion, resistance, flight) program. This is said to prepare them for conquering the enemy. However, there is no evidence that America's "enemies" waterboarded prisoners . So some think that the only thing that the torture component of this program aimed at was torturing other soldiers.
. 6 Facial Hold
Facial Hold asks an interrogator to put at least one hand (usually both) from behind firmly on both sides of an inmate's face in order to fix the head. This technique creates an environment that aims to “correct the inmate in a way that demonstrates the interrogator's control .
The executor had a free hand to apply unlimited pressure to squeeze the inmate's head together. Similar to other methods, the face hold is often used as a complementary technique and combined with other torture methods to intensify the torture.
. 5 Walls
The CIA defined "walls" as "pressing people firmly into a fake, flexible wall so that their shoulder blades are in contact while the head and neck are supported by a rolled hood or towel" more intimidating than hurting. However, the SSCI described the practice in more detail than "beating prisoners against a wall".
There were basically no official CIA guidelines, which meant how much violence was used – and the number of repetitions was entirely up to the interrogators. Zubaydah tells how prisoners, naked and hooded in chains, were beaten upside down in concrete walls. The "wrong, flexible" plywood walls were not used routinely. And when they were, their only purpose seemed to be to minimize signs of abuse (bruises, wounds, etc.).
Apparently there was no respect for the rule of law, let alone human compassion. In fact, the interrogators subjected two prisoners to a "wall" with broken feet, although CIA cables told them not to. The quality of the information received also seems to have been neglected. Confessions may not have been as reliable given the high risk of brain injury.
. 4 Sexual abuse
This was strictly prohibited. Sexual abuse as an "interrogation" technique was not described in any official memo, let alone in guidelines – so that torturers could do what they wanted . Sexual harassment, forced sexual acts, genital electric shocks and rape were all used to "humiliate the victim".
And the CIA did all of this with religion in mind. For example, women who break taboos to cause emotional suffering take off their shirts during interrogations or give men forced round dances. At least one woman wiped "menstrual blood" (really just red ink) on a male inmate's body. And female prisoners were raped before men.
Given these revelations, the sexual abuse of prisoners in Abu Ghraib appears to be far less unusual. In fact, it appears to be so widespread that many people in the US-occupied nations believe that rape is the standard treatment in US prisons .
. 3 Threats
The interrogators made no attempt to rehabilitate this negative perception of the US military, but used it to their advantage. That made their threats more credible. Interrogators could threaten to rape and kill a detainee's mother or family if they know they are likely to believe it. To give them credibility, bogus executions were sometimes staged. Once the guards started shouting in front of an interrogation room before firing a pistol. Then, when the inmate was led out of the room, they passed one of the guards, who were disguised as prisoners and lying motionless on the floor with their hoods on.
Although threats have not been officially approved for use, respondents appear to have been told that conditional threats were fine . In other words, you might not say that we will rape and murder your children, but you could say that we will rape and murder your children if [such-and-such].
. 2 Drugs
The CIA has a terrible history of the weapon against mind-altering drugs . One type in particular – quinolone antibiotics – is apparently still used for torture.
Mefloquine, an antimalarial drug, is associated with severe neuropsychological effects including paranoia, aggression, hallucinations, ataxia, convulsions and thoughts of suicide. It can also lead to permanent brain damage, long-term seizures and in particular to memory disorders. These symptoms affect massive 25% of patients .
Of course, it is not the first drug you would choose if you need reliable information. However, each individual Guantanamo inmate received 1,250 mg (five times the recommended dose) upon arrival to produce these symptoms.
. 1 Rectal rehydration
The nutrient enema, i.e. H. Feeding from the back is rare in medicine nowadays. It goes back to the Middle Ages and went out of fashion over a century ago. IV infusions are both safer and more effective and avoid the risk of damage, inflammation, prolapse and indigestion in the digestive tract . The large intestine is not able to break down fats and proteins worth of whole meals anyway.
Nevertheless, the CIA described rectal rehydration or rectal feeding as a "generally recognized medical technique" (such as leeches and lobotomies). It didn't matter that few of those to whom they were exposed had something that resembled a “medical need”. That was not the whole point. According to the chief of interrogation, the idea was to gain complete control over the prisoner.
A prisoner's lunch tray with hummus, pasta with sauce, nuts and raisins was liquefied and administered rectally. According to the descriptions of the participants, "you lift a tube as far as possible" and "the flow regulates itself and flushes out the large intestine." 19659003] – hours or days – so that they overflowed and dried on their bodies.
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