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Tennessee School bans Harry Potter books because the spells could summon evil spirits

Mark Twain is widely regarded as the author of the first great American novel – The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – but his funny stories are not the only legacy he left. His poignant quotes and jokes have been narrated and retold (sometimes mistakenly) over the last century and a half, and his work volume speaks for itself. Throughout his legendary career, Twain – real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens – wrote more than a dozen novels and countless short stories and essays, yet still found time to invent new products, meet famous scientists and maintain a home full of cats.

Today, on Twain's 1

83rd birthday in Florida, Missouri, we've put together a list of things you may not know about the famous humorist, satirist, and storyteller.

. 1 Mark Twain is a nautical reference.

Mark Twain (née Samuel Langhorne Clemens), like many great men of letters in history, decided to adopt a pseudonym early in his career. He tried a few different names – Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass, Sergeant Fathom and, more clearly, Josh – before deciding on Mark Twain (19659005), which means two lows (12 feet) of boating jargon. The idea came to him when he worked as a steamship pilot on the Mississippi – a task that he held for four years until the civil war in 1861 broke out and restricted trade . (Another popular theory, however, states that he earned the nickname in a bar.) After reports in some 19th-century newspapers, he went to a pub and called "Mark Twain!" Bartender taking a piece of chalk and attaching two tags for two drinks on the wall, however, Twain denied this version of the events.)

2. Mark Twain was not only a steamboat pilot but also a miner.

Shortly after leaving The Big Muddy, Twain went west with his brother to avoid fighting in the war. He undertook work as a miner in Virginia City, Nevada, but the job was not for him. (He described it as "hard and long and gloomy.") Fortunately for Twain, he did not have to work there long. In 1862, he was offered his first job as a writer for Virginia City's Territorial Enterprise in which he reported on crime, politics, mining and culture.

3. A story that Mark Twain heard in a bar led to his "big break".

In 1864, Twain traveled to Calaveras County, California, hoping to find gold as a prospector (he did not). During his time here, however, he heard the bartender of the Angels Hotel at the Angels Camp tell an incredulous story about a frog jumping contest. Twain told the story in his own words in The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County . It was published in [19659-06] 1865 in The New York Saturday Press and subsequently received national recognition.

4. Mark Twain needed seven years to write The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn .

Twain began writing the sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, but was not pleased with his progress. After writing about 400 pages, he told a friend that he liked the manuscript "only tolerably well, as far as I am concerned, and possibly in a drawer or burns". He put the project in the background for a few years and finally finished it in 1883 after a burst of inspiration.

5. Mark Twain invented a board game.

While Twain postponed writing The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn he worked on a game he referred to as Memory Builder . In fact, it was supposed to be an outdoor game that would get his kids to know England's monarchs, but he eventually made it a board game to improve sales opportunities. However, after two years of work, it was still too complicated to be marketable, requiring extensive knowledge of historical facts and data. But that did not stop him from patenting the game.

6. Mark Twain created "improved" scrapbooks and suspenders.

Memory Builder was not Twain's only invention. He also patented two other products. One was inspired by his love of scrapbooking, the other by his hatred of suspenders. He designed a self-adhesive scrapbook that works like an envelope, earning him a profit of about $ 50,000. His "Improvement of Adjustable and Detachable Garment Straps" also proved useful, but for a completely different purpose than originally intended by Twain. According to The Atlantic this clever invention has prevailed only for a solid garment: the bra. For those with little brassiere experience, there is no button, no push button, but a clasp that secures the elastic that holds the breasts of women. You can thank Mark Twain for that.

7th Thomas Edison has turned Twain home.

Only a video of Twain exists – and it was filmed by none other than his close friend Thomas Edison Recorded on Twain's estate in Redding, Connecticut, 1909 – a year before the author's death – he saw him wearing a light suit and his usual walrus mustache, and a scene shows him with his daughters Clara and Jean another opportunity in the same year Edison Twain recorded when he read stories into a phonograph, but these audio clips were destroyed in a fire.There is no other recording of Twain's voice

8. Mark Twain wore white suits, but not as often as you may think.

If you think of Mark Twain, imagine him probably in a white suit with a cigar or a pipe. It is true that he photographs several times in a white suit But this habit began later in life. According to The Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum, he wore a white suit in December 1906 when he appeared before a congressional committee on copyright. He did so for dramatic reasons. After that he wore white off-season several times to get an effect. "He also refused to trade his white dresses in the winter against" shapeless and demeaning blacks ", no matter how cold it got. So let's take the folks who follow the rule "No whites after the day of work".

9. At one point Mark Twain had 19 cats.

Twain really liked cats very much – so much that he had 19 of them at the same time. And when he was out, he rented cats to keep him company. In fact, he had a much higher opinion of cats than humans and remarked, "If humans could be crossed with the cat, this would improve humans, but the cat would deteriorate." He also had the talent to make great ideas on cat names; Beelzebub, Blatherskite, Buffalo Bill, Sour Mash, Zoroaster, Soapy Sal, Pestilence, Bambino and Satan were just a few of the kittens in his brood.

10. Mark Twain probably did not say what he said.

Twain is one of the most misquoted authors in history. According to a quote incorrectly attributed to him, "It's better to shut up and look stupid than to open it and eliminate all doubt." What Twain actually said was, "[He] was stupid Anyway, that little stretch would go and bind four times around the globe. "There are many, many examples of these .

11. Mark Twain predicted exactly when he would die.

When born on November 30, 1835, Halley's comet was visible from Earth. It appears about every 75 years and Twain predicted that the next time he would die, it would grace the sky. As he formulated in 1909: "I came in 1835 with Halley's comet. It's coming back next year, and I expect it to go out. It will be the biggest disappointment of my life if I do not go out with Halley's comet. The Almighty has undoubtedly said, "Well, here are these two non-accountable freaks; They came in together, they have to go out together. "Oh, I'm looking forward to it." On April 21, 1910, the day after Halley's comet came in, he died again in his home in Connecticut.

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