Although she is regarded as a pioneer of the denominational poetry style, Sylvia Plath was not very famous when she died of suicide in 1963 at the age of 30 years. Her legacy, however, has long gone beyond her early death: her collections of poetry and a novel, most published posthumously, are still read, discussed and cited with awe.
. 1 Sylvia Plath published her first poem at the age of 8 years.
Under the title "Poem," Plath's first foray into poetry was presented in the Boston Herald Department of Children in 1941.
"Hear the crickets Twitter
In the dewy grass.
Bright little fireflies
Sparkle in passing."
Plath later wrote poetry in The New Yorker The Atlantic Monthly and Harper's Bazaar.
2. Sylvia Plath's father was a respected bee expert who inspired her "bee poems".
Sylvia's father, Otto Plath, emigrated as a teenager from Germany to the United States and became a professor of entomology at Boston University and an authority on bumblebees ̵
Otto unexpectedly died of complications Diabetes was diagnosed late when Sylvia was 8 years old, and she would accept the loss for the rest of her life. At the peak of her career, in the fall of 1962, she wrote in less than a week a series of five poems, the "Bee Poems." These are hopeful and life-affirming works that were originally intended to finish their collection . Ariel however, was posthumously replaced by the darker, more depressive poems such as "Edge" and "Words," which she wrote in her final days. The Bee Poems, unceremoniously published in the middle of Ariel 's published version, are so different from what Plath is known for – self-destruction, occasional violence – that they were often overlooked as part of their more creative Canon.
. 3 Sylvia Plath also wrote children's books.
Posthumously published, Plath had a small collection of children's stories that were found in their magazines and papers. One, The It-doesn-Matter-Suit tells a sweet story about Max Nix and his mustard yellow suit. 7-year-old Max is the youngest of seven brothers in history. Two of these brothers were Otto and Emil – the names of their father.
. 4 The early life of Sylvia Plath was described as "accomplished".
Although Plath is most commonly referred to as a tragic figure, she is described as a driven performer in adolescence and adulthood. She was just ace, a full drive to Smith College, and was a Fulbright scholar studying in Cambridge, England. During her studies, she won various writing prizes.
. 5 Sylvia Plath was an intern at Mademoiselle Magazine.
During his time at Smith College, Plath won a contest to become one of the few "guest editors" at Mademoiselle Magazine 1953. The experience marks a turning point in Plath's work and life; her novel The Bell Jar is a barely concealed fictionalization of her time in New York City. She described the experience as "pain, parties, work" and one of the scenes of the book described a rape attempt – an event that Plath's personal diaries seem to confirm this summer. Upon returning to Boston, Plath went into depression and survived a suicide attempt. She was briefly institutionalized, but returned to the school and graduated with honors.
. 6 Colossus is the only major work published in Sylvia Plath's name during his lifetime.
In 1960, Plath first published this poetry collection in England, where she lived with her husband, to positive reviews (if not massive sales). Technically, The Bell Jar was released in England only a month before her death, but under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas, as the publisher had reservations about being charged with defamation. The Bell Jar whose author Plath was rightly called came to the US only in 1971 – and then became a surprise bestseller.
. 7 Sylvia Plath's husband was also a famous poet.
Plath became acquainted with the English poet Ted Hughes, who as one of the greatest poets of his generation in the last 14 years of his life was the United Kingdom's Poet Laureate in 1956 as a fellow at Cambridge, and the two were married within four months. They voted June 16 in honor of Bloomsday, the annual celebration of the life and work of James Joyce. The two were young – she was 23, he was 25 – and they read, criticized and supported each other in their work. "I write poetry like never before," wrote Plath in 1956 to her brother, "and it's best because I'm deeply in love with myself and the only man in the world I'm equal to." 19659009] Their relationship was charged but unstable. In the 1960s, Plath wrote to her therapist that Hughes beat her before she had a miscarriage. he cheated on her and many scholars say that his lover was pregnant at the time of Plath's suicide (the lover is said to have had an abortion shortly thereafter). The last five months of her life were separated, and she lived and wrote in London with her two young children. Since they were not divorced at the time of their death, Hughes inherited Plath's estate – including her unpublished works. Hughes made plans to publish Ariel but he removed some of her selected poems, added new poems, and arranged the rest differently than in Plath's original manuscript, some say, to maximize the narrative of an increasingly depressed woman damned to take their own lives.
. 8 Sylvia Plath wrote the poems, which should make her an icon shortly before her death.
Plath died on the morning of February 11, 1963, of suicide, the culmination of months of turbulence, severe depression, and an astounding number of writings. Plath and her husband had recently separated, and she had two small children at home, so she feverishly wrote during a notoriously cold winter in London between 4 and 8 in the morning. The resulting poems were added to the collection Ariel with her most famous poems, including "Lady Lazarus" and "Daddy".
. 9 Sylvia Plath was the first poetess to posthumously win a Pulitzer Prize.
In 1982, Plath became the first poetess to posthumously win the Pulitzer Prize. She won for The Collected Poems – edited by Ted Hughes. "Her attitude to her verse was artisanal," Hughes wrote in the introduction to the collection. "If she could not get a table out of the material, she was very excited about a chair or even a toy, the end product was less a successful poem for her than something that had temporarily exhausted her ingenuity." 10. A psychologist named a phenomenon after Sylvia Plath – then regretted it.
The "depressive poet" has long been a creative stereotype – so much so that psychologist James C. Kaufman called the idea "Sylvia Plath Effect" in 2001 its mainstream usage Kaufman has recently redrafted his point of view and described himself as "young and stupid" at the time he introduced the term, and is currently investigating the impact of creativity on social justice.
11 Sylvia Plath's tombstone was repeatedly devastated
Plath's grave in the hills of West Yorkshire in England was repeatedly manipulated – at first her married name was deleted (some think of "feminist he activists who wanted to remove Ted Hughes) Plath's story), which led to a long time when there was no marker at all. "When I put the lettering in the stone for the first time … the only question was how to put the name Plath on it," Hughes wrote in 1989, when the stone was replaced. "If I had followed the custom, the stone would be labeled Sylvia Hughes, which was her legal name … I already knew in 1963 what she had achieved under that name, and I wanted to honor it."
12th Sylvia Plath still shapes the culture today.
Sylvia Plath has influenced culture for almost six decades since her death. From Twitter feeds to famous movie quotes and cameos, a mention by Sylvia Plath is often used as an abbreviation for "tortured author." She also has influence on modern writers of all kinds – Lena Dunham wrote a college essay comparing Plath and Alanis Morissette, and Joyce Carol Oates has written extensively about her.