What is the difference between porcelain, china and bone china? It mainly depends on how they are made. This article contains many interesting details, but the basic idea is that porcelain is very functional, porcelain is a special kind of porcelain, from which fine cups and plates are made (and which was invented in China – hence the name), and bone Porcelain is an even more specific type of porcelain made from bone. Bone China was actually invented in England, not in China, and usually contains powdered cow bones (but read the article on Knowledges to learn more about porcelain from human bones …).
History of Bone China
Invented near East London in 1748 The first bone china was created by Thomas Frye, who used bone ash from nearby livestock markets to increase the strength of his "fine porcelain". The formula still in use today was developed and improved by Josiah Spode in 1
Meanwhile, China in China
is historically considered the producer of the finest porcelain in the world, and the finest porcelain in China comes from a city in Jiangxi Province named Jingdezhen (pronounced Jing Duh Jenn). For over two thousand years, amazing porcelain masters supplied the imperial families with china, and the most expensive blue-and-white porcelain ever sold came from Jingdezhen. Today, around 300 million porcelains are made in this city every year. China today produces more bone china than any other country in the world, but the best-known bone china still comes from English countries. Jingdezhen is better known for its traditional porcelain techniques than for the new production power of Bone China. A well-known Chinese company that today produces exquisite bone china is called Shanghai Tang.
The most valuable known
- Korean porcelain, also known as "Joseon baekja", is a type of white porcelain. The most expensive Joseon product ever sold was the "White Cobalt Blue Vase" for $ 4.2 million.
- The world's most expensive teacup: the Ming Dynasty "Chicken Cup", which was bought at a £ 21 million auction – about $ 27 million. This cup was called the "holy grail" of Chinese porcelain and used by the emperor himself.
- The Chicken Bowl was surpassed in 2017 when Ru Guanyao's Brush Washer Bowl, a piece from the Nordic Song Dynasty, was sold at Sotheby's in Hong Kong for nearly $ 38 million. From a very rare furnace in Henan Province, these "Ru Guanyao" elements become more precious.
- A Yuan dynasty glass auctioned in London in 2005 for 230,000,000 yuan (the above mentioned blue-and-white porcelain piece from Jingdezhen)). This was the most expensive porcelain in history until …
- A Qing Dynasty china vase sold for $ 84 million, the most expensive Chinese porcelain art ever.