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Navy in honor of the historic jet pilot Rosemary Bryant Mariner with first all-female overpass



Mary, the Queen of the Scots, was written and portrayed for a long time by Elizabeth's beautiful, tragic cousin – the one whose catastrophic marriage left her without land, while Elizabeth's strict-guarded independence gave her full control, but none Inherit. Although Mary was forced to surrender her Scottish throne to her Scottish throne after a spate of uprisings and conspiracies, and to live the rest of her life as a captive in England, her desire to rule Scotland and England came to an end. Her son inherited both thrones , Her story has been narrated in various ways, from Vanessa Redgrave's Oscar-nominated performance in the 1971 film about the CW series Reign to the 201

8 film starring Saoirse Ronan in the title role – but here are 11 facts about Maria that you may not know.

. 1 Mary became Queen of Scotland at the age of 6 days.

Maria's father, James V of Scotland, had become king at the age of only 17, when his father was killed in battle. But on December 14, 1542, at the age of 30, he died "for no apparent reason" after Allan Massie's book The Royal Stuarts . "He just seems to have lost the will to live."

As mysterious as the King's death was, Mary's birth had a random timing. She was born on December 8, just six days earlier. Maria's father had many illegitimate children, but his two legitimate baby sons (one was eleven months old, the other only one week old) from second wife Mary von Guise had both died in one year the previous year. And so, as the only surviving legitimate heir, Mary immediately became queen and made Mary, Queen of the Scots, the youngest British monarch.

. 2 It is not Bloody Mary.

Mary, Queen of the Scots – a.k.a. Mary Stuart had many similarities with Mary Tudor and Mary I. Both were Catholic (though Mary Stuart did not persecute her Protestant subjects); both were Tudors (the grandmother of Scotland was Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of King Henry VII, the first monarch of the House of Tudor); and both had great beef with Elizabeth I (Mary Tudor's half-sister and Mary, the first distant cousin of Queen of Scots).

But even if they are confused at times, Mary was old enough to be Mary Stuart's mother. At one point in time King Henry VIII had offered his eldest daughter Mary Tudor to the Scottish King James V as his wife. If this marriage had taken place, King James would never have married Mary of Guise, the mother of Mary Stuart.

]. 3 Mary changed the spelling of the surname.

The Stewarts were for centuries the ruling family of Scotland and began in 1371 with Robert II (a grandson of Robert the Bruce). Mary Stewart, Queen of the Scots, was the eighth in this series. At the age of five, her guardians secured a marriage contract that would unite Scotland and France, and Mary was brought before the French court with her intended, the three-year-old Dauphin, Francis. Sometime before her marriage in 1558, she changed the spelling of Stewart in Stuart to "facilitate the pronunciation of the French".

. 4 Mary spoke Latin fluently.

She also spoke fluent French and the Scottish dialect of the Lowlands (and spoke Italian, Spanish and Greek), but the Seigneur de Brantôme, a soldier and historian who had known Mary a child at the French court and wrote a memoir of her long after her death, she recalled that at the age of 13 or 14 she publicly recited in the presence of King Henri, the Queen, and the entire court in a room from the Louvre, a Latin speech written by herself against Maintaining the belief that women are acquainted with literature and the liberal arts.

5. She was very tall.

At least by today's standards. "When she was 14, Mary was much taller than average," wrote John Guy in his biography Queen of the Scots: The Mary Stuart's True Life (19459004). "At a time when a woman was tall when she reached 5 feet 4 inches, Mary eventually grew to nearly six feet." (As an adult, Mary is often listed as 5 feet 11 inches .)

6. In the tradition of the hump, she wore white at her first wedding.

White was considered at the time to be the color of mourning, but Mary loved the shadow (and probably, how he looked on her pale skin and She chose a white dress for her Notre Dame wedding with Francis II. Discours du grand et magnifique triumphe a historical review of the day, "[The] Queen Dauphine was in dressed in a robe white as a lily and so lavish and rich that it would be indescribable, and two young ladies had a wonderfully long train. "The marriage lasted only two and a half years – Francis, who was always in poor condition, died at the age of 16 in December 1560.

7. Mary loved golf.

Scotland's golfers of Scotland worship St. Andrews as" Cathedral It is considered to be the oldest golf course in the world, and Mary used to have a holiday home and played often, she probably had learned the game as a child in France (or at least a similar pastime called Pell Mell), and has a long history, that she coined the term caddy which is based on the military cadets who wore the clubs for royal players According to sports columnist Sally Jenkins: "It is believed that their accented pronunciation of the term is further bent by a brogue when she came to Scotland to conquer the throne. "Proof that she has plotted to kill her second husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley." She was so excited from the game that she was charged with cold-bloodedness having played a round just days after her husband's murder, "Jenkins wrote.

. 8 She used to wash her face in white wine.

In the 16th century, it was fashionable for those who could afford to bath in white wine. Mary had an incredibly light skin, and the antiseptic properties of white wine essentially worked as a toner. During her long imprisonment in England, the Earl of Shrewsbury, to whom she had been entrusted, complained about the cost of her beauty routine.

. 9 The Protestant Elisabeth I was the godmother of Maria's son.

Although the crossroads of Mary and Elizabeth's rivalry were the lineage and their religions (and those of their respective countries), Elizabeth served Mary's son, James VI, as godmother. Elizabeth sent a representative for baptism, and just as her reluctance to meet Mary in person, Elizabeth only corresponded with James VI.

The birth of James finally solved the persistent question of succession in both countries. Although Elizabeth insisted on keeping Mary under house arrest when she fled the Scottish uprisings and sought consolation in England (Mary was also forced to renounce her throne to the then 13-month-old James), she eventually named James as her successor , After Elizabeth's death in 1603, he became James VI and I – the sixth of Scotland and the first of England – and the first monarch to rule together the sovereign states (the Union of the Crowns).

10th Her pet terrier hid under her skirts during her execution.

Much was made of the failed decapitation at Mary's execution. After living under house arrest in England for 18 years (and as a perennial living threat to Elizabeth's crown), Mary was condemned for conspiring to kill her cousin. On February 8, 1587, at the age of 44, she approached the block, "put off her black dress and showed a red dress underneath, the shadow of Catholic martyrdom," and at least thrice threw herself down by the fumbling hangman Then she lowered her head as he grabbed her by the wig.

But as devastating as this whole episode was to everyone involved, the next event made the situation even worse. Mary's Pet Terrier "hid in the folds of her petticoat and sneaked onto the stage," says Guy. "When it was discovered, it ran miserably around and lay down in the widening pool of blood between her severed head and shoulders."

. 11 Mary, Queen of the Scots, is buried in Westminster Abbey, right next to Elizabeth I.

Although they have never met in person despite their correspondence, the tombs of Mary and Elizabeth are in the Lady Chapel of Westminster Abbey. After Mary's execution, Elizabeth ignored her request to be buried in France and had her baptized in a Protestant ceremony in the Cathedral of Peterborough. Twenty-five years later, in 1621, Mary's son James VI and I had her talk back to Westminster. And although her grave is next to her rival cousin, they are separated by a long house – even in death their crypts are not quite in sight.


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