Since ancient times Muse is not only inspirational artist, but also writer and scientist. They have been considered to be wise deities capable of guiding or guiding a particular individual through the labors of a creative process. A muse was celebrated, honored and often portrayed as a charming woman full of pride and honor. When the Renaissance brought the resurrection of antiquity, the representation of the muses in sculpture and painting was unified and often supplemented with props or emblems.
However, it was not until the Romantic period that the muses became an important part of paintings and sculptures, while modernism brought muses of flesh and blood, usually relatives, spouses, or lovers of the artists. Interestingly, these women played a notable role in some artistic practices, as they not only posed and inspired. in fact, they suggested the careers of the artists they represented, and in some cases performed them.
The muses were frequently presented in sensual, often eroticized poses which leads us to a certain ambiguity about the role of the muse. On the one hand, they were often wild women who proudly stood out from society's constraints, on the other hand their role could easily be manipulated physically or psychologically . Whatever the case, modern art is characterized by the presence of muses, often self-realized and emancipated women who used their role to somehow differ.
These nine Muses, one of which is a man, examine the phenomenon of the Muses among the artists of the 20th century.
Editor's tip: Muses: Women Who Inspire
The stories of thirty-three women who inspired the artistic geniuses of society inspired them Creation of some of the greatest works of the last two centuries. American Lee Miller was a successful model before traveling to Paris to become an apprentice, lover and muse of Man Ray. Nancy Cunard, British writer, heiress and political activist, loved many members of 20th-century art and literary circles, including Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot; Paris-born artist and poet Dora Maar had a big impact on her notorious lover Pablo Picasso.
Selected pictures: Heinrich Bohler – Gustav Klimt and Emilie Flöge, 1909, detail. Image about Creative Commons