Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia, on January 31, 1919. Twenty-eight years later, he cut the baseball line and was the first African American to play on a large sports team. Here are 42 facts to celebrate the legendary athlete.
. 1 Jackie Robinson was born in Georgia, but grew up in California.
Jack "Jackie" Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia. Shortly after his birth, his family moved to Pasadena, California and settled there.
. 2 Jackie Robinson was named after Teddy Roosevelt.
President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days before Robinson's birth, was the inspiration for his middle name.
. 3 Jackie Robinson was the youngest of five children.
Jackie was the youngest of five children ̵
. 4 In high school, Jackie Robinson played in a team with the other future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon.
Robinson attended John Muir High School, where he was placed with the future MLB on the Pomona Annual Baseball Tournament All-Star Team Hall of Famers Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox and Bob Lemon of the Cleveland Indians.
. 5 Jackie Robinson was also an accomplished tennis player.
He was also a successful tennis player and won the Junior Boys Singles Championship in the Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament.
. 6 Jackie Robinson's brother was an Olympic athlete with a silver medal.
Jackie's brother Mack was an accomplished athlete and a great sprinter. At the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, he won a silver medal 200 meters behind Jesse Owens.
. 7 Jackie Robinson served in the army during World War II.
In 1942 Jackie Robinson was drafted into the army. He was assigned to a separate Army Cavalry unit in Fort Riley, Kansas.
. 8 Jackie Robinson was stationed with boxing champ Joe Joe during World War II.
When Robinson was in the army, he made friends with boxing champ Joe Louis when the heavyweight stationed at Fort Riley at the time made his fame to protest the late entry of black soldiers into an office candidate School (OCS). As a result, Robinson was appointed a lieutenant in 1943.
. 9 Jackie Robinson was never fought during the war because he was arrested and tried in court because he had refused to get on a bus that was not separated.
After an incident in which he refused to sit on a bus that was not separated, the military police were arrested at the request of an officer on duty, who later brought Robinson to court martial. At the time of the trial, Robinson was prohibited from operating abroad on the fronts of World War II. He saw no fights during the war.
10th Jackie Robinson finally received an honorable discharge.
Robinson was acquitted and then transferred to Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky, where he worked as an Army Athletics Coach until his honorable discharge in 1944. During his time at the camp, Robinson was acquitted was encouraged to try for the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro National League.
. 11 Jackie Robinson played in the Negro League All-Star Game in 1945.
12th Jackie Robinson married his college girlfriend.
Robinson married Rachel Isum in 1946, whom he had met in 1941 during his final year at UCLA. In November they had their first son, Jackie Robinson Jr. The Robinsons had two other children: a daughter, Sharon, and another son, David.
. 13 Jackie Robinson played in the Montreal Royals minor league.
Robinson played minor league baseball for the Montreal Royals in 1946 until he was called to the Brooklyn Dodgers in Major Leagues in 1947.
fourteenth Jackie Robinson made his MLB debut at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.
He made his Major League Baseball debut on April 15, 1947 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York. He became the first African American baseball player in Major League history.
15th Jackie Robinson was the rookie of the year in 1947.
He also won the Rookie of the Year in 1947 with a batting average of .297, 175 hits, 12 home runs and 48 runs.
sixteenth Jackie Robinson was a close friend of Larry Doby, the first African American baseball player in the American League.
Jackie Robinson was a close friend of the American League with Larry Doby of the Cleveland Indians, the first African American baseball player in the American League. In the same year, the two men broke the color barrier in baseball and spoke to each other on the phone to share their experiences of racism during the season.
17th Jackie Robinson's Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese was one of his greatest champions.
Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese defended Robinson against violent and nasty racist insults during his rookie season. Reese famously put his arm around him, a gesture of friendship that Robinson was not used to at the time. The moment has been immortalized in art, statues and films.
18th Jackie Robinson scored for the cycle on August 29, 1948.
On August 29, 1948, Robinson struck in a 12-7 win against the St. Louis Cardinals with a home run, a triple, a double and a double for the cycle double and then single in the same game.
19th Jackie Robinson stole many bases.
Robinson was the National League Batting and Stolen Bases Champion with a batting average of 342 and 37 stolen bases in 1949.
20. Jackie Robinson was a regular all-star.
He was also a six-time all-star between 1949 and 1954.
21. Jackie Robinson testified before the House of Representatives Committee on Non-American Activities.
In 1949, Robinson was asked to testify before the House of Representatives of the United States House of Representatives (HUAC). He was summoned for statements by the famous African-American actor Paul Robson. At first, Robinson was reluctant to testify, but was ultimately forced to do so because he feared it would affect his baseball career.
22nd Jackie Robinson was the National League MVP in 1949.
The prize for the most valuable player in the National League went to Robinson in 1949 after his first appearance in the MLB All-Star Game. Robinson later took his team to the World Series, but lost to the New York Yankees.
23rd Jackie Robinson played himself in The Jackie Robinson Story .
Jackie Robinson played himself in The Jackie Robinson Story a biopic about his life that was published in 1950. Robinson's wife Rachel "Rae" Isum Robinson played with Oscar-nominated actress Ruby Dee.
24th In the off-season, Jackie Robinson traveled on a variety tour through the south.
In the off-season, Robinson undertook a variety and lecture tour through the south, where he answered pre-set questions about his life. In fact, he made more money on these tours than on his contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
25th Jackie Robinson played in six world series.
Robinson played in six world series, but won only one in 1955 against the New York Yankees in a seven-game series. Robinson hasn't played in 49 games this season, and missed game 7. Don Hoak played third base on Robinson's court.
26th Jackie Robinson quit baseball to take a job at Chock Full O & # 39; Nuts.
At the age of 37, Robinson retired from Major League Baseball and the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1956. Unknown to the Brooklyn Dodgers, Robinson took a position at the American coffee company Chock a Full O & # 39; Nuts and agreed to quit baseball.
27th Jackie Robinson was the first African American vice president of a large American company.
From 1957 to 1964, Jackie Robinson was the vice president of staff for Chock Full O & # 39; Nuts coffee. He was the first African American vice president of a large American company.
28th Jackie Robinson was politically independent and changed sides in the 1960s.
Robinson was politically independent, but had a very conservative stance on the Vietnam War. He also supported Richard Nixon in the 1960 presidential election against John F. Kennedy, although Robinson admired Kennedy's stance on civil rights after his election. He was later dismayed with Republicans for not supporting the 1964 Civil Rights Act, and soon became a Democrat.
29th Jackie Robinson was the first African American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
In 1962, Jackie Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of admission. He was the first African American to be inducted into the Cooperstown Hall of Fame and Museum.
30th Jackie RObinson was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement.
Jackie Robinson was always seen as a great figure in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said that Robinson was "a legend and a symbol of his time" that "challenged the dark sky of intolerance and frustration".
31st Jackie RObinson was a co-founder of Harlem & # 39; s Freedom National Bank.
In 1964, Robinson and businessman Dunbar McLaurin founded the Freedom National Bank – a black owned and operated bank in Harlem, New York. Robinson was the first CEO of the commercial bank. His wife later served as chair until the bank was closed in 1990.
32nd Jackie Robinson was the first African American sports analyst to watch television.
Robinson was also the first African American MLB TV analyst. He broadcast in 1965 for the television programs of the ABC Major League Baseball Game of the Week. Robinson later worked as a part-time commentator for the Montreal Expos in 1972.
33rd The Dodgers withdrew Jackie Robinson's uniform number in 1972.
On June 4, 1972, the Dodgers withdrew Jackie Robinson's uniform number 42, Sandy Koufax number 32 and Roy Campanella number 39.
34th Jackie Robinson died at the age of 53.
Robinson died of a heart attack on October 24, 1972 in Stamford, Connecticut, at the age of 53.
35th Jackie Robinson's widow Rachel founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation in 1973.
In 1973, Robinson's widow Rachel founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, a non-profit organization that awards grants to minorities. The foundation also preserves Jackie Robinson's legacy as a baseball player and civil rights pioneer.
36th Jackie Robinson's house in Brooklyn was declared a landmark in 1976.
The Brooklyn, New York house where Jackie Robinson lived while playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers was declared a National Historical Landmark in 1976.
37th There is an asteroid named after Jackie Robinson.
On March 1, 1981, the American astronomer Schelte John "Bobby" Bus discovered an asteroid at the Siding Spring Observatory in New South Wales, Australia. Bus named the asteroid "4319 Jackierobinson" after his favorite baseball player.
38th Jackie Robinson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously.
President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Jackie Robinson the Presidential Medal of Freedom – the highest honor a civilian has received for his or her services to world peace, culture, or other significant public or private endeavors – on March 26, 1984 .
39. Jackie Robinson also received the Congressional Gold Medal.
More than 20 years after the Presidential Medal of Freedom was awarded, President George W. Bush awarded Jackie Robinson the Congressional Gold Medal posthumously – the highest honor that the legislature can confer. A civilian honored by two-thirds of the House of Representatives and of the Senate for its contributions to American history. After Pittsburgh Pirates right-fielder Roberto Clemente, he received this award in 1973 as the second baseball player.
40th Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired throughout Major League Baseball.
You won't see number 42 baseball players: in 1997, Robinson's number was retired throughout Major League Baseball. It was the first and only time that a jersey number was retired in an entire professional sports league.
41st Jackie Robinson is a member of the Major League Baseball All-Century team.
In 1999 Robinson was added to the Major League Baseball All-Century team along with Cal Ripken Jr., Joe DiMaggio, Willie Mays and Ty Cobb. Fans chose the final selection from a list of the 100 greatest major league baseball players from the past century.
42nd April 15th is now Jackie Robinson Day.
April 15, 2004 is now Jackie Robinson Day. All Major League Baseball uniformed players wear number 42 on their jerseys to honor Robinson's memory and legacy for this sport.