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Is there a difference between womanism and feminism?

The fight for women's rights is something everyone has heard of today. People who are referred to as "feminists" often seem to be fighting for their rights. Unfortunately, feminists are not viewed favorably by a range of onlookers, in some cases even women, as some of them are notoriously sometimes radically opposed to gender inequality issues. Feminists also looked exclusively at the circumstances of white middle-class women, regardless of women of other races, such as black and Latin women.

However, there is another term that is less talked about. However, it is more generally concerned with the problems of women around the world called "womanism." So what is womanism? How does it differ from the relatively familiar idea of ​​feminism?

The different manifestations of these two schools can be traced back to how the terms were actually created.

What is feminism?

Feminism first appeared in the early 20th century when women began to realize that they had the same rights in the form of electoral rights. After the onset of World War II, there was a great development as women started to move into jobs as men had to fight in the front line. Women had to "pay their share" during the war by working in factories replacing their husbands, storing ammunition and making canned goods.

As the war drew nearer, women did not want to give up their newcomers jobs and freedoms. Demonstrations and protests reaffirming gender equality in the form of employment / labor rights, property rights, reproductive rights and changes in the traditional patriarchal system emerged in the following decades. We can now see that white women in western countries are much more appropriate Get place in society as before. Nevertheless, feminists – mostly white middle-class women – focused only on their own issues and not on general issues facing all women from different populations. This circumstance led to the birth of the term womanism.

What is womanism?

Alice Walker, an activist and poet, first coined the term "womanism" in 1983 in her book "In Search of Our Mothers." Gardens: Womanist prose. " Dissatisfied with the lack of diversity of the feminist movement, Walker defined a new term" womanist ", which she proclaimed to achieve and maintain the" reconciliation of the sexes "of men and women in general societies. The concept of gender reconciliation assumes that injustice affects not only white women, but also men and women of all skin colors and social classes.

  Alice Walker

Even after the Civil Rights Act came into force After discriminating against certain groups of people in many areas in 1964, the black community still bore the brunt of socioeconomic injustice, especially women. It is this fact that creates the idea of ​​womanism, which not only fights against the oppression of black women, but also works against racist and social discrimination.


The key difference separating womanists and feminists is who or what is both fighting against. Feminists fight against the belief that men – usually white men – have control over everything and therefore enjoy a higher privilege than women. While the fight against injustice was caused by the diversity of gender, race and population.

In the past, bourgeois feminists fought radically for their own cause, without much consequence, in contrast to the black community, which has very limited freedoms. Today, feminists and womanists both begin to find a common ground that leads to a more peaceful and inclusive involvement of the struggle for women's rights.

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