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How Prohibition paved the way for a Ku Klux Klan Resurgence in the 1920s

By their very nature, explorers often push the boundaries of survival in the name of glory, so it's not a great surprise.


1. Gaspar and Miguel Corte-Real

Gaspar Corte-Real was a keen explorer who undertook an expedition to Greenland in 1500. He embarked on a second expedition in 1501 with his older brother Miguel, in which they Newfoundland or Labrador. At that point, Gaspar sent two of his three ships back to Portugal, including the one captained by his brother. Gaspar's ship continued its explorations, but was never seen again.

In 1502, Miguel Corte-Real, learning of his brother's disappearance, led a search party to the area where Gaspar was believed lost, but he found nothing, and his ship too went missing. The oldest corte-real brother, vasco annes, left the king to let him go, and the king refused -even unwilling to risk the embarrassment of a third Corte-Real.

The disappearances have remained a mystery for centuries. But in the 1

910s, Edmund Burke Delabarre, a psychology professor at Brown University, put forward a new theory about the insights on the famous Dighton Rock in Massachusetts. The rock is covered with petroglyphs that were first mentioned way back in 1680, and since then has been proposed numerous theories about who carved them and why. Delabarre suggested that the inscription was in fact abbreviated Latin, and reads: "I, Miguel Cortereal, 1511. In this place, by the will of God, I became a chief of the indians." This astounding theory implies that the explorer may have continued his travels into America and survived at least nine years in the New World. If his inscription is to be believed, he made quite a success of his new life.

2. Jean-Francois De Galaup

Jean-Francois de Galaup, Comte de la Pérouse, what an accomplished sea captain. In 1785, James Cook, the French king, inspires Louis XVI to visit La Pérouse on an expedition to explore the Pacific. La Boussole and L'Astrolabe -manned by 225 crewmembers. The voyage was expected to last four years. La Pérouse kept scrupulous records of his findings during the trip, mapping coastlines, taking specimens, and making observations of the peoples and places he encountered. (Thankfully, he sent his journals back to France, where they were preserved for posterity and published later to great success.). In the Pacific, taking in Japan, the Philippines, and Tonga, La Pérouse arrived at Botany Bay in Australia and what witnessed by British settlers sailing out of the bay in March 1788, the last sighting of the expedition. By 1791, When no communication had been received from La Pérouse for some time, a search party was dispatched from France-but no trace of expedition was found.

The puzzle seemed to be solved in 1826 when an Irish sailor, Peter Dillon came across something intriguing while exploring the Solomon Islands. The locals had a number of European swords, which Dillon thought might have belonged to La Pérouse, and was told to have two large ships that had broken up on the reefs there. In 1964 the wreck of La Boussole which was last discovered on the reefs of Vanikoro in the Solomon Islands, confirming that indeed what the expedition had reached its sad end. However, in 2017 an Australian researcher found an 1818 account by an Indian castaway that seems to suggest La Pérouse was killed by locals on a small island off Northern Australia, perhaps in a later leg of his voyage after constructing a schooner from the remains of La Boussole .

3. Naomi Uemura

Modern explorer and adventurer Naomi Uemura What part of the first Japanese team to scale Mount Everest in 1970. (He would have been the first Japanese person to reach the summit if his impeccable manners had not made him relinquish the lead to let his elder, Teruo Matsuura, the honor of going first.) Uemura completed many amazing feats during his lifetime, including climbing the highest mountain on each of the world's continents solo, trekking across the Arctic to become the first person to reach the North Pole solo, and rafting down the Amazon. In February 1984, Uemura set to scale Mount McKinley in Alaska in an attempt to become a solo winter climber of the treacherous peak. Uemura reached the peak, but that's all we know, as he never made it off the mountain. Rescue parties looking for the adventurer, but all that was found in a snow cave. Tragic death remains a mystery.

4. Percy Fawcett

In the last 90 years, some 13 expeditions and over 100 people perished in futile attempts to discover the fate of British explorer Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett. Fawcett Was the very epitome of a Dashing explorer: Amazon Jungle. He had a distinguished military career. During the 1920s, he departed from the city of El Dorado, which he dubbed the city of "Z."

In 1925 Fawcett set off into the Mato Grosso region of Brazil with his son, Jack, and his son's best friend, Raleigh Rimell. The trio plowed into the jungle, covering up to 15 miles in a day in their zeal to find the rumored riches of the lost city. By May 29 the group, including one to Fawcett's wife, Nina, in which he wrote: "You have no fear of any failure." after two years with no sign, the Royal Geographical Society.

Fawcett had "gone native" and what living among a remote tribe; he succumbed to malaria or a jaguar attack; he deliberately disappeared in order to set up a mystical commune. David Grann, who retired Fawcett's steps in 2005 and discovered the Kalapalo Indians had an oral history that Fawcett had ignored in all likelihood, killed him.

5. George Bass

George Bass an English surgeon who, inspired by tales of Pacific exploration, took to the seas as a ship's surgeon. He embarked on many expeditions, but the one for which he is most remembered is his voyage to Australia with Matthew Flinders in the 1790s. The pair mapped large swathes of the Australian coast, and bass identified the body of water between Australia and Tasmania. Despite his success as an explorer, bass felt under-appreciated and became envious of the merchants who were making their fortune-shipping goods from Europe to the new settlements of Australia. Consequently, he abandoned his cartography and set himself up as a trader. Unfortunately, he was a little late to the party and he returned to Australia, his ship loaded with goods, he had discovered many other products.

Undeterred, he decided to try his luck in South America and set sail with his bounteous cargo in 1803. Bass and his ship were never seen again, and their fate remains at enigma. Rumors persisted that Bass made it to Chile or Peru, where he was captured by the Spaniards and forced to work in the mines there as a slave until his death.

6. George Mallory George Mallory

George Mallory what a British explorer and mountaineer who captured the public's imagination after he asked why he wanted to climb: "Because it's there." As one of the foremost mountaineers of his day, Mallory was In June 1924, George Mallory and fellow Mountaineer.

In June 1924, George Mallory and fellow Mountaineer Andrew Irvine set off for an attempt on the summit. Another member of the expedition glimpsed them climbing at 26,800 feet, but that was the last time they were seen alive. That the couple perished in their attempt what certain, but debate on their way down, or if they have never reached the top. Various pieces of the puzzle emerged over time-in the 1930s, Irvine's ice ax was discovered at 27,700 feet, and in 1991 a 1920s oxygen canister was found. Finally, in 1999, expedition discovered Mallory's frozen body on the mountainside, clearly the victim of a terrible case. The climbers carefully buried the body where they found it, but sadly no trace was ever found by Andrew Irvine.

It was hoped that Mallory's camera might prove to be an artifact. but unfortunately the camera remains missing. Tantalizingly, Mallory has said that he has come to the summit, and when Mallory's body found the photographer's there, he said .

. 7 Sir John Franklin

One of the foremost explorers of the Victorian era was Sir John Franklin, who had a number of expeditions to the Arctic in search of the Northwest passage. Franklin succeeded in mapping large areas of coastline, identifying many new botanical specimens and furthering our knowledge of the unforgiving Arctic weather during his first two expeditions. Some 20 years after he retired, Franklin was tempted to make a final effort to find the Northwest Passage. In 1845, when Franklin was 60 years old, he set off with 129 crewmembers in HMS Erebus and HMS Terror .

With no word from the expedition, numerous rescue missions have been sent out to try and discover their fate. Finally, in 1859, after a tip-off from Inuit hunters, a team led by Francis McClintock found King William Island. It became clear that the two ships had become hopelessly trapped in the sea ice. A note was found in April 1848, having been stuck in the ice since September 1846. The note thus revealed that Franklin had died in June 1847, though no cause was given. Scientific analysis of the mummified remains of some of the sailors indicated they may have died from lead poisoning. Historians argue that those who did not come from contaminated supplies are likely to be safe in the freezing conditions. In September 2016, archaeologists announced the discovery of the HMS Terror off the coast of King William Island, which historians hope will provide more clues about the terrible fate of the stranded crew and their desperate struggle for survival.

. 8 Ludwig Leichhardt

In 1848, German scientist and explorer Ludwig Leichhardt led an attempt to cross Australia's desert interior from east to west. Leichhardt has been around for the past two months and he has been around for two months now. Australia has one single occasion, he has not been around for the past 18 months in the Australian interior discoveries.

Leichhardt set off for his final mission by seven companions, 50 bullocks, 20 mules, seven horses, and a huge amount of supplies and equipment. Despite all that, the only trace of the missing expedition was a small plaque inscribed with Leichhardt's name and the year 1848, which had been attached to his rifle. Australia's vast interior they got. The vast majority of people have lost their lives.

L carved into it, a mark Leichhardt reportedly left to indicate his route. L but their disparate locations did little to solve the riddle of the progress and fate of the explorers. The public was so published in the newspapers, inevitably leading to sensationalist stories of the group dying of thirst, being murdered by Aboriginal people, or even by Leichhardt surviving in old age living in the bush.

This story first ran in 2016.

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