It is very important that drivers know how to properly take care of themselves on a road trip, especially if you are planning to visit India, Nepal, and other neighboring Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. An unplanned health crisis is something you will be least surprised with on your road trip. Given the recent corona virus crisis, which is spreading rapidly in Asian countries, we should be aware of the prevention and cure of such viruses when we visit these countries. In addition to carrying basic needs and health packages, you should also take appropriate vaccines for an unplanned health crisis. For example, suitable vaccines to protect against viruses that are transmitted by mosquito bites. Example: Japanese encephalitis. Here are some important travel tips for Japanese encephalitis.
Mosquito bites are common when you travel to Asian countries, especially during the monsoon season. While the risk of disease transmission is very low when you visit the urban areas, the risk is very high in the rural areas. There are reports that there have been less than one case of Japanese encephalitis per million travelers. However, motorists and travelers can be at high risk, particularly due to certain activities:
- Living or traveling in areas severely affected by Japanese encephalitis
- Visiting rural areas during the rainy season
- Camping, working outdoors and Outdoor Cycling in Rural Areas
Japanese Encephalitis Travel Tips
Now that you understand why travel enthusiasts are likely to be infected with the virus, here are Japanese encephalitis travel tips and the things you should do note:
- In endemic countries, JE is primarily a disease that infects children, and adults have developed immunity from natural infections. However, travelers of all ages can easily become infected with the virus.
- Symptoms and health effects
- Infections caused by the JE virus are asymptomatic.
- People infected with the virus are at risk of developing neurological diseases. [1
- The disease begins with the sudden onset of headache, fever and vomiting. Other forms of health problems that a patient may face include focal neurological deficits, changes in mental status, movement disorders and general weakness.
- Apart from this, acute flaccid paralysis with clinical and pathological features has also been associated with the JE virus.
- Seizures are common in children.
The death-case ratio is approximately between 20% and 30%. About 30% -50% of the survivors suffer from cognitive, neurological or psychiatric consequences.
Is there adequate health treatment?
No such specific treatment is available for the treatment of JE virus infection. Supportive care and management should be sought. Motorists and travel enthusiasts should take preventive measures before visiting Asian countries. For your next trip you looked around and found an interesting tool, namely https://dochq.co.uk/travel-vaccine?a_aid=veri1 Simple, convenient and timely help with the booking until it is received The vaccination is given in good time.
The best way to protect yourself is to avoid mosquito bites. Don't forget to take mosquito repellent with you when you travel.
If you are already infected, one such vaccine is available, but it is approved in the United States – Ixiaro.
Learn more about the accelerated schedule
- ] The quick schedule can be used when there is not enough time to complete the standard schedule.
- Adults between 18 and 65 years – rapid course of 2 doses of Ixiaro on day 0 and the second dose 7 days later. This schedule provides the same protection 7 days after the second dose as the standard schedule.
- In addition, the DOH guidelines recommend that clinical staff can also use this ACCELERATED schedule for children aged 12 to 17 years old, if this is insufficient time before departure.
The vaccine cannot be administered to:
- Infants under 2 months
- People with a severe allergic reaction to the previous vaccine dose or any of its components
- Acute illness with a high level Fever (over 38.5 degrees Celsius)
Common side effects
- Local reactions at the injection site, including redness, swelling and pain.
- Other side effects include fever, "flu like" illness, muscle pain.
Frequently asked questions
1. How long does it take for the vaccine to take effect?
The vaccine is Effective 7 days after receiving the second dose.
2. What does the vaccine contain?
The vaccine contains the following ingredients:
Phosphate buffered saline consisting of:
- Sodium chloride
- Potassium dihydrogen phosphate  Disodium hydrogen phosphate
- water for injections
- ] aluminum hydroxide
The vaccine does not contain the following:
3. If I have another brand of Japanese Have I had encephalitis to restart the course?
Previously, the Green Cross vaccine was available in the UK and consisted of a three-dose course t indicates that adults who have previously received a Japanese encephalitis vaccine can receive a single dose of IXIARO® as a booster.
4. If I travel regularly to high-risk areas, do I need another booster?
The Council on long-term protection and other boosters for adults is currently unknown.
5. What about boosters in children?
The Ministry of Health points out that if the risk of infection persists for children under the age of 18, a refresher dose can be considered.
6. Can the vaccine be given to infants under 2 years of age?
The vaccine cannot be administered to infants under 2 months of age because there are no data on safety or efficacy in this age group.
] 7. How effective is a dose of the Japanese encephalitis vaccine?
Clinical studies show that a dose of the Japanese encephalitis vaccine provides about 28% protection 10 days after receiving the first dose and about 40% protection 28 days after the first dose. Therefore, if there is not enough time to complete the 2-dose course, additional measures to prevent insect bites to protect against infection are crucial.
8. Can the second dose be administered later than 28 days?
The second dose of the Japanese encephalitis vaccine can be administered up to 11 months after the first dose and still provides an effective immune response.