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Family feuds as deadly as the Hatfields and McCoys



The feud between Hatfield and McCoy in the second half of the 19th century is at least so well known that it has become the name of mutual hostility between parties at all levels of life. It is arguably the most famous feud of American history. However, there are many other cases where hostility between families and their allies lasted for years and claimed many lives. Feuds were part of the American stereotyping of the "hillbilly" applied to Appalachia, the Ozarks and other regions in the United States, and indeed many have occurred in these areas. They have also occurred in other areas.

The famous battle at the OK Corral in Tombstone was part of a feud between a group called the Cowboys and the Earp brothers. The shooting on the Corral was not the culmination of the feud, but the beginning of an open war between the factions that triggered the Earp Vendetta Ride in the spring of 1

882. Like the feud between Hatfield and McCoy the actions of the Earps, Clantons and their allies are well known. Other feuds are fewer, except in the regions where they occurred, where they are often exploited to attract tourists. Here are some lesser-known American feuds from across the nation.

10th The Greene Jones Feet in North Carolina and Tennessee

The long feud between the mountain clans of the Greene and Jones families of North Carolina and Tennessee, which spread to remote areas of Virginia and Kentucky, began with a pig. There are several variations of the story, but the most common is that a pig belonging to a Greene broke a fence of a Jones and was killed for the transgression. In retaliation, a cast iron cauldron belonging to a Jones was destroyed. Bad blood between the families had existed since the beginning of the American Civil War and continued in the following years with retaliatory measures between veterans on both sides. It became known in newspapers as the Greene Jones War.

The exact date on which it began is controversial, but from 1863 until the late 1880s, the two families killed each other and their friends and allies. The ambushes and murders eventually killed 30 people, most of them men, even though at least one child was killed. On May 31, 1888, the Daily Democrat from Huntingdon, Indiana reported, "The Jones Greene feud is still raging in Hancock County." the martial law and the deployment of the Tennessee State Militia to end the feud at the turn of the 20th century .

. 9 The Colorado County Feud ran for nine years and was involved in a former senator.

The Colorado County Feud ( also known as Reese-Townsend Feud ) was a period of open wars between political factions centering around Columbus Texas. It strangely started with a vote for the county sheriff. The acting sheriff Reese was rejected by a former deputy named Larkin. Former Senator Mark Townsend, a county political leader who had once supported Reese, changed his mind and supported Larkin. Larkin was shot in broad daylight by an unknown attacker in the street. Friends of Reese were suspected. Townsend picked another candidate for the sheriff, Will Burford, who easily won in 1898.

The following spring, followers of Townsend (and of Townsend himself) engaged Reese and his followers in a shootout on the streets of Columbus. Reese was killed in exchange. But the violence continued, and his sons swore revenge. From May 1899 to May 1907, five separate shootings were fought on the city's streets between major parties on both sides. The city council refused to interfere with the appointment of a city marshal. It took the Texas Rangers' intervention in 1907 to end the feud, but not before at least ten people were killed, most, but not all, involved in the fighting. Nobody was ever convicted for one of the deaths in the feud.

. 8 West Virginia's 12-Year Lincoln County Feud Reported Nationwide

The Lincoln County feud took place in the Hart & # 39s Creek region of West Virginia from 1878 to 1890. It involved several families all of them intertwined by marriage including Brumfields, Dingesses, Adkinses, Adamses, Halls, Runyons and Nesters. The feud was noted in the 1880s by the national press. The complicated relationships and hostilities between the different families were further confused by newspaper reports that focused on the violence between the Brumfields and the Adams and the feud between Al Brumfield and John Runyon.

At least four deaths during the feud were confirmed at the time, although there may have been others, as it has been reported that several people have simply left the region to unknown parts. The various factions fought for stills, land ownership, timber rights, water rights, and past hostilities between the belligerent families. In September 1899, Al Brumfield and his wife rode horseback when they were attacked by two gunmen who fled to Kentucky. An armed force led by Brumfield picked her up in October and returned her to West Virginia, where both were killed. Within a year, the feud ended and Brumfield became the region's leading businessman.

. 7 The infamous outlaw John Wesley Hardin participated in the Sutton-Taylor feud in Texas.

The Sutton-Taylor feud in DeWitt County, Texas, was fueled by civil unrest in post-Civil War rebuilding. The two factions were the Taylor family, led by Pitkin Taylor, and the Sutton family, led by William Sutton, a ranch and deputy sheriff from Clinton, Texas. Sutton and his allies used lethal force when making several arrests, including some members of the Taylor clan. In 1870, Sutton was named the Texas State Police Force, which was established to enforce the Reconstruction Laws and protect the newly freed slaves from vigilantes. Sutton used his position to continue against the Taylor family and often returned from being arrested with a body rather than a prisoner.

The Taylor and Sutton factions both included up to 200 men. One of them on Taylor's side was John Wesley Hardin, who killed at least two Sutton allies in the feud: DeWitt Deputy Sheriff Morgan and with the help of another Taylor and Jack Helm, the commander of the Texas State Police, under which Sutton was assigned. The 1875 hurricane in Indianola also fueled the feud when Billy Taylor, who had been tried for murder, fled the prison after being released from his cell to avoid water rising. By the time the feud was brought under control by the Texas Rangers in 1877, 35 men from both sides had been killed. Pitkin Taylor and William Sutton were among the dead.

6. The Black River War was a family feud that lasted more than two decades.

The Black River War was a feud between two owners of plantations in Louisiana, which began in the early years, paused during the Civil War and was resumed during the reconstruction. The feud was between St. John Richardson Liddell Owner of a plantation called Llanada, and Charles Jones owner of a plantation called Everly. Both plantations were on the Black River. Jones wanted to expand his estate and when he could not buy land owned by another neighbor, Philip Nichols, he made derogatory remarks about Nichols' wife, and she asked her friend Liddell to accompany her to him for his To confront remarks. Liddell agreed.

When she approached Jones at home, she suddenly pulled out a gun and shot him. Jones survived and recovered, accusing Liddell of being involved in the murderous attack (which he was not). Both men were preparing for an armed conflict, and the community split into different factions. In 1852, Liddell killed two Jones-allied men, demanded self-defense and was acquitted after a long trial in 1854. Further challenges and allegations were thrown between the two men and Jones was suspected of hiring gunmen to assassinate his enemy. When the civil war began, both men joined the Confederate army and the feud was temporarily shelved.

. 5 The second half of the Liddell Jones feud

Both plantations suffered during the war, and their owners returned to find their stocks in grave financial trouble. Liddell remained loyal to the South Democrats, who opposed the politics of reconstruction. Jones joined the Republicans, made connections that served him financially, and resumed the feud. When Liddell was forced to sell Llanada to settle his debts, Jones expressed interest in buying the property at auction by a third party. Liddell warned Jones that he would not allow such an event, and tensions between the two, exacerbated by rebuilding policies, increased again.

In 1870, Jones and his two sons murdered Liddell on a steamboat heading for New Orleans. They were arrested by a sheriff who was a political ally of the Jones family. They were not locked up, but kept in the sheriff's house. A mob angered by the murder of Liddell and profiting from the reconstruction policy at Jones' expense demanded that Jones be handed over to him. After agreeing to release the women in the house, Jones tried to escape by leaving her wrapped in a blanket. He was recognized shot and killed. One of his sons was killed and one was able to escape. The feud ended after 20 years and claimed up to 14 dead.

. 4 The Barber Micelle feud of 1870 in Florida resulted in over 40 deaths.

The Barber Micelle feud in Florida began in 1870 as a dispute over taxes. Moses Barber was a wealthy cattle breeder with farms in the counties of Brevard and Orange. David Mizell was the taxpayer sheriff in Orange County. When Barber refused to pay taxes on his land and livestock he denied Mizell's jurisdiction and confiscated livestock instead. Barber thought about the rustling of the seizure. Barber warned Mizell to refrain. In February 1870, Mizell was on Barber's land when he was attacked and killed. His extended family vowed revenge.

Some sources claim that up to forty were killed in the feud between the Micellan and Barber clans resulting from the tax dispute. The harsh conditions the barbers experienced during the reconstruction contributed to the violence. Mizells largely supported the new laws and enriched themselves by exploiting them. Orange County records confirm only eight deaths as a result of the feud. The feud was officially proclaimed in a reconciliation service held at a local celebration called Pine Castle Pioneer Days in 2013. A shotgun allegedly used in feuding killings has been donated to the Orange County Regional History Center.

. 3 The Boyce-Sneed feud in Texas was triggered by marital infidelity that killed at least eight people.

The Boyce-Sneed feud took place between wealthy Texas cattle barons John Beal Sneed and Albert Boyce Jr. Water rights or fencing the open range. Instead, it began when Mrs. Sneed decided in late 1911 to favor Mr. Boyce's company and home. Her husband took her to an asylum until she came to her senses. Boyce rescued her from the asylum and took her home. Haughtily, Boyce decided to be the true instigator of his wife's erroneous thinking, and vowed revenge on him. His first act of revenge was the assassination of banker Albert Boyce Sr.

Sneed got off in a lawsuit for the crime, and in March 1912 his own father was killed as he walked down a street in Georgetown, Texas. In September, Sneed Boyce attacked Jr. and killed him. After that, he surrendered to the authorities. He was convicted of murdering Boyce's father and son separately and acquitted on both occasions. After acquitting the murder of Boyce Jr., reporters asked how an obviously guilty killer could run free, and the jury's foreman replied, "The best answer is because this is Texas," where a man had the "obligation the honor of "defending his home. "Eight deaths are attributed to the Boyce Sneed feud.

2. The six-year Brooks-McFarland feud began with a failed robbery.

The Brooks and McFarland clans lived near the Creek Nation in present-day Oklahoma and northern Texas. Both had developed an unappetizing reputation by the end of the 19th century. century. In 1896, Thomas Brooks, having learned that a retired Texas Ranger had a considerable amount of money at his home, decided to relieve him. He was killed in the failed robbery. The Brooks family ruled that a member of the McFarland clan had mastered the robbery and sent Brooks to do so, and further decided it was their revenge. In addition to the failed robbery, the two clans had a long history of annoying each other by stealing cattle and other valuable items.

The feud lasted from 1896 to 1902, when the two leaders of the rival clans came to an end. Willis Brooks was killed in a shootout between clan factions in Spokagee (now Dustin), Oklahoma. His death beheaded the Brooks faction. The following month, in October 1902, Jim McFarland, his counterpart to the enemy faction, was attacked and killed while driving his wife in a buggy. With his death the feud passed. The feud was about many things that were indispensable in Western movies, including bar-fighting, prison jail, fleeing to Mexico to avoid persecution, and shootings. It is known that five men were killed in the course of their six years, although some claim there is much more.

. 1 The French Eversole feud in Kentucky was instigated on both sides by lawyers.

Joseph Eversole and Benjamin French were merchants, business people, lawyers and former friends in southeast Kentucky. Although some who now exploit the feud for tourism claim that the feud started against a woman with a French-threatened Eversole employee, others believe that the triggering argument was a coal-fuel dispute, starting in 1886 with the establishment of armed factions , The lawyers Eversole and French decided to settle their litigation by extrajudicial means and the feud began.

Murder by ambush was the preferred tactic of both sides of the feud, rather than fierce fighting between major parties of armed men. In 1888, Joseph Eversole was attacked and killed in one of these attacks, while a group of judicial officials went to the district court. The feud worsened, and in 1889 the Hazard Court House fought a battle known as the Battle of Hazard. Extensive newspaper reports described the feud throughout the South and Midwest. It ended in 1894, although French met in 1913 Eversoles widow and son in a Hazard Street. The son, Harry Clay Eversole, drew a pistol and fired on French, who died of the wound more than a year later. Harry was convicted of disturbing peace and fined $ 75.

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