There is nothing more mysterious in this world than the gaps in our own history. These gaps do not necessarily find their way into our school books, but are always found in mysterious ruins or artifacts that cannot be explained by archaeologists or scholars. Most of what we learn about ancient peoples comes solely from the images and historical sources that have been left behind.
In certain cases, artifacts can provide clues as to who the humans were or why they created ancient sites that are now ruins. In other cases, however, we still have questions. Historians and archaeologists have many hypotheses about the ruins on this list, but they are just that: speculation. Mysterious ruins have been discovered all over the world, and some of us have turned into one previous list. But so many remain unexplored and ultimately unexplained that we had to do a follow-up.
0. The great pyramids
The pieces of knowledge archaeologists have amassed about that Great pyramids of Egypt are enormously fascinating, just imagine what is still waiting to be discovered. One of the greatest and most important remaining puzzles is the building techniques the ancients used to build them. The impressive achievement of the Egyptians is all the more remarkable considering that over two million blocks of granite and limestone were used in the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Each individual brickwork weighed 2.5 tons (2.3 tons).
How did you move the massive plates? Unfortunately, the ancients left no instructions or records to explain this architectural feat. However, many explanations have been suggested over the decades. One research suggested that they may have used water and sand. A specific one Mural from 1900 BCportrays a group of men moving a large statue attached to a sled while a person stands in front of them pouring water over the sand. Although the gesture was originally thought to be largely ceremonial, there is now scientific evidence that this mural actually holds the key to understanding the mystery of how they could possibly have moved all of the weight.
9. Lake Michigan Stonehenge
In 2007, scientists came across a stone circle at a depth of 12 meters in Lake Michigan. The structure, which looks like a smaller version of the famous British Stonehenge, was discovered by Mark Holley, a professor of underwater archeology at Northwestern Michigan College, and his colleague Brian Abbott made the discovery while searching for the remains of sunken ships.
It is believed that the structure is almost 9,000 years oldHowever, there appears to be a carving of a mastodon that died out on one of the stones over 10,000 years ago. To this day, the exact location of the discovery has been kept a secret – a condition established by local Indian tribes – as they do not want hundreds of tourists and the curious on their territory.
8. The mysterious stones of Baalbek
Baalbek is the name of the most famous archaeological site in Lebanon. It was known as the Heliopolis, or City of the Sun, about 2,500 years ago. The corner pillars of the early temple in Baalbek were found to weigh over 100 tons and the Wall monoliths around 300 tons each. Today, archaeologists, scientists, and historians are still confused about how the stones were brought to the site and how each stone was placed. The temple plates and another one 1,600 miles from Baalbek are collectively referred to as the Baalbek stones and continue to be the focus of much speculation, research, and hypotheses about how they were transported and organized. There are other questions as to why these massive stones were necessary and why the temple pillars were so much larger than the required site.
The later builders on the site, like the Romans, did not move these stones in any way, but used them as the basis for their own temples. The immense mass and weight of these stones contributed to much speculation about ancient extraterrestrial activity in Baalbek and even to the fact that the location was the original landing site for extraterrestrial ships. However, none of these theories have ever been seriously considered by an academic community.
7. Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is located in Peru, about 8,000 meters above sea level, on the Andes mountain range and is a visual marvel and a technological masterpiece. The Inca built ruins of the place from the 15th century without mortar and adjusted the stone blocks so precisely that a piece of paper can’t even be placed between them. The design included magnificent agricultural terraces for planting and even flood control techniques.
But the origins of Macchu Picchu remain a mystery, despite its designation as one of the most famous and important archaeological sites in the world. The Incas left no record of why they built the site or how they used it before it was abandoned in the early 16th century. The role of Machu Picchu has long been debated because it is so unusual and peculiar as an Inca site. It’s too big to be a small village. And it’s too small to be an administrative center for the Inca Empire.
6. Great ruins of Zimbabwe
The ruins now known as Great Zimbabwe are a cultural heritage of significant importance in southern Africa. Zimbabwe is based on the Shona word “Dzimba Dzemabwe”, which means “house made of stone”. The Great Zimbabwe ruins indicate the earlier existence of a highly developed civilization. This ancient tropical settlement in Africa, once a thriving cultural and social center, still holds many of its secrets.
Karl Mauch, German geologist and prospector, wrote the first European report on Greater Zimbabwe in 1871. Rumors of stone palaces and secret treasures had drawn him to this place when legend linked the ruins with “Ophir”, the biblical name given to him King Solomon’s mines.
The elegant stonework of the Grand Enclosure – very different from the humble Shona huts – convinced Mauch that the Africans, especially the Shona, could never have designed the Grand Enclosure and the spectacular ruins. To this day, the ruins are very controversial.
5. Peru’s ruins of Chavín de Huantar
Peru’s Chavín de Huantar ruins, while less popular than Machu Picchu, are also attractive World Heritagewhich has ruins and artifacts originally dating from around 900 BC. BC by the pre-Incan culture of Chavín. The place served as a meeting point for people in the area when they traveled to spiritual and worship meetings. It is not entirely clear why the Chavín culture disappeared, although some claim that the Chavín de Huantar ruins shed light on why certain cultures are disappearing as the area has been prone to floods and earthquakes.
The history of this historic center is unusual. Found one of the local farmers Chavin when he noticed strange stones with carved rock carvings in his field. The site has drawn scientists and archaeologists underground for more than a century to find answers from around the world.
4. Bimini Road
One of the most compelling archaeological discoveries made by the Atlantean devotees is Bimini Strait. Bimini Road is sometimes referred to as that Bimini Wallis an underwater rock formation directly on the coast of the Bahamian island of North Bimini. The trail is about 18 feet below the surface on the ocean floor. The road lies on a northeast / southwest line for about half a mile until it ends in a winding, graceful fork. In addition to Bimini Road, two other smaller linear rock formations appear with a similar design.
The Bimini Road consists of Limestone slabsmost of which appear to be cut into rectangular blocks. While most of them appear to have been cut at right angles, time underwater has weathered them into rounded shapes. Each of the main street blocks are between 10 and 13 feet long and 7 to 10 feet wide, while the two side streets have smaller but equally sized blocks. The larger blocks tend to be sized. Some even appear to be stacked as if they should be supported.
3. Yaxchilan, Chiapas, Mexico
Yaxchilan is one of the most extraordinary ancient Mayan cities. It is located in Chiapas, Mexico, on the banks of the Usumacinta River. Yaxchilan was one of the most glorious and powerful Mayan states during the Late Classical period, with Piedras Negras as its main competitor. The architectural styles show strong differences between the two kingdoms. This mysterious 4th century site is one of the most notable among Mexico’s many ruins that can be found along the Usumacinta River in Guatemala.
People visit the site by boat and then drive via “El Laberinto” (the labyrinth), a limestone building with painted panels and decorative caves dedicated to its ancient ruling kings such as “Moon Skulls”. In the 9th century Yaxchilan has been completely abandoned, but looting on both sides of the river suggests that residents were using a complex suspension bridge.
2. Nan Madol
The historic city of Nan Madol was built on a Micronesian coral reef. The fact that it was built on a coral reef is only part of the fascinating history of the place. To date, no one has found out how the site was built, including the tools the residents may have used, where the stones used to build it came from, or how the pillars were placed to build the old walls. The city was founded in the 8th century. The megalithic building was built in 1200 AD. The Saudeleur dynasty used the place as a ceremonial and political headquarters. Legend has it that the twin wizards Olisihpa and Olosopha Nan created Madol by flying dragons that lifted and manipulated the massive stones.
One of the plates in the imperial morgue weighs 50 tons. It is calculated that all the stones transported to the site weigh an incredible 750,000 tons. It is a amazing performance for people without pulleys, levers and reliable transport mechanisms. The site was built in phases over more than four centuries. If you have the time to do the math, it means 1,850 tons of rock would have to be brought to the construction site annually. For only 25,000 people, it’s a daunting undertaking.
1. Bosnia’s pyramid
When one speaks of the “Valley of the Pyramids”, Bosnia and Herzegovina may not be the first region that comes to mind. However, as of 2005, archaeologist Semir Osmanagic believes that Visoko Hill (an hour outside Sarajevo) is actually part of a series of man-made buildings, and pyramids in particular. When looking at the pictures it is very easy to see the shapes. A growing number of archaeologists claim that there are four pyramids in this region, called the pyramid of the sun, the pyramid of the moon, the pyramid of dragons and the pyramid of love. The region also has an underground labyrinth, “Ravne”, which is believed to have been the entrance to the pyramid of the sun. If the existence of the pyramids can be proven, they would be 25,000 years old.
Scientists and scientists worldwide have consistently rejected the term that the hills, larger and much older than any of the Egyptian pyramids, are anything but natural. Despite the ongoing controversy, tourists and geologists have not stopped flocking to the area to test out the reports.
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