Natural disasters exist as long as humanity and even much longer. This means that almost every century in recorded history has been exposed to one or more incredibly destructive attacks by the strongest forces of nature. Let's take a look at some of the biggest natural disasters in history and how they affected the people of that time.
10th Peshtigo Fire
Most people know the Great Chicago Fire with his "Mrs. O'Leary's cow tipped over a lantern. "Backstory and hundreds of dead. However, it is anything but the most destructive fire in American history. It is not even the most devastating that began on October 8, 1871. This dubious honor applies to the Peshtigo Fire of Wisconsin – the most destructive forest fire in US history, which claimed some 1,200 deaths and caused an incredible fire 1.2 million acres and burned through 16 different cities, in 11 counties. At one point, it even "skipped" Green Bay to burn parts of two counties on the other side. It has even done the same damage as the much urban fire in Chicago – about $ 169 million.
Where the great Chicago fire was a catastrophe, the peshtigo fire was simply hell. The fire was probably triggered by careless railroad workers causing a bushfire that soon drove the dry summer and unfortunate winds into a super-fast wall of fire that some say moved almost like a tornado. The flames "cramped" and moved in a strange way, devouring all the oxygen and blowing fleeing people on fire. It looked like the end of the world, and for many it was. There were heroic deeds and tragic losses and desperate survival stories. A heroic man was reportedly carrying a woman to safety and holding her for his wife. When he realized that he was a stranger, he immediately went crazy. A young girl spent the whole night in the river to escape the inferno and clung to a cow horn to hold on.
The biggest damage was done to the namesake of the fire, the city of Peshtigo. 800 of the 1,200 victims of the fire came from there, and the entire place had "disappeared in an hour".
. 9 Chinging Yang Event
There have been many times when meteorites and meteorites graced our planet with their presence, but the one with the highest death toll is probably the Ch & ingang-yang Event in 1490 . Unfortunately, since this meteor shower event occurred in China more than five centuries ago, the actual details of the event are somewhat blurry. Reports from that time report that in the Ching-Yang area of Shaanxi Province "stones like rain fell" up to 10,000 people died.
Modern experts have expressed doubts about this exact number – after all, it is the only meteor shower with such a high death toll. However, pretty much everyone agrees that a "dramatic event" occurred at the specified time and place, and it is speculated that an asteroid breakup could actually have resulted in a deadly hail storm.
. 8 Calcutta Cyclone
The Ganges delta is not unknown to tropical storms, but the Calcutta Cyclone of 1737, also known as the Hoogly Cyclone, is one of the worst. It hit Kolkata on an early autumn morning south of the city and ripped in 200 miles inland before it was called a day. The cyclone brought a storm surge of 30 to 40 feet (19659004) (a sudden rise in the Ganges water level) and 15 inches of rain in just six hours.
The combination of these elemental attacks was catastrophic. Most of the city of Calcutta, which consisted mostly of mud huts and brick buildings, was completely demolished. The city suffered 3,000 victims, but the overall damage to the cyclone was more than a hundred times worse. The disaster has killed an estimated 350,000 people and destroyed about 20,000 boats, ships and canoes of all shapes and sizes.
. 7 Landslide Dam on the Dadu River
On June 1, 1976, a severe earthquake shook the Kangding-Luding area in southwestern China, causing all the problems that a 7.75 magnitude quake can cause. What happened next was worse. A landslide dam (rubble from the landslide that blocks the river's flow) and, as is so often the case with spontaneous dams, was unfortunately not built for eternity.
After a beautiful reservoir had been built behind it for ten days, the landslide dam finally collapsed. The water flowed downstream as a catastrophic death wall and flooded the areas it encountered with 100,000 dead. Experts believe this is probably the most devastating event of its kind in history.
. 6 Coringa Cyclones
Coringa was a large and prosperous Indian port city at the mouth of the Godavari River. It is still there today, but only as a small village. This is because the once bustling city underwent some of the worst hurricanes in history. Coringa suffered a heavy blow in 1789 when a nasty hurricane broke through the area and killed some 20,000 people. Nevertheless, the shaken city could resume its functions, but their horrors had only begun without the residents knowing. On November 25, 1839 came another, much worse cyclone, which brought a storm surge of 40 feet and punished the winds. When the roar of the storm subsided, Coringa's entire harbor was destroyed. The cyclone killed an estimated 300,000 people. Along with the 20,000 boats that were also destroyed by the storm, this was the end of Coringa's glory days.
. 5 Eruption of the Krakatoa volcano in 1883
What was missing in the deaths of the eruption of the Krakatoa volcano in August 1883 (he killed "only" 36,000 people), he delivered in a pure, deadly spectacle. The volcano, located on a 5-by-8-kilometer island between Sumatra and Java, showed signs of impending problems months before the incident, ranging from massive ash clouds, "thundering" sounds and strange "natural fireworks" that lit up the sky , The people who lived on the nearby islands were unaware of the impending fate and celebrated the show – only to be roughly interrupted when Krakatoa launched a very different, deadly party.
On August 26, the first explosion threw debris and a gas cloud a good 24 kilometers into the air. The next morning, the area was shaken by four explosions equivalent to 200 megatons of TNT (the Hiroshima bomb was about 0.01 percent of it) and could be heard from a distance of 2,800 miles. Overheated steam, hot gases and volcanoes seared the surrounding 40 kilometers at a speed of over 100 kilometers per hour.
The outbreak claimed its first casualties due to heat injuries due to its massive explosions, and the remainder fell victim to the 120-foot tsunami as the volcano plummeted into an underground caldera. Even after the end of his initial horrors, Krakatoa would not stop ruining the day of humanity. The eruption was so strong that it changed the climate and lowered temperatures around the world.
. 4 Shaanxi Earthquake
In 1556, the Chinese province of Shaanxi had the greatest misfortune, which was designated as deadliest earthquake in history . The quake was 8 on the Richter scale meaning that it is a "big" earthquake that can perfectly balance communities near the epicenter. The Shaanxi quake was also not satisfied with just communities. Chinese annals report that it only took seconds, but was so incredibly strong that it destroyed buildings, rebuilt rivers, caused flooding, ignited massive fires and even "leveled" mountains.
As you can probably expect, such a massive disaster was bad news for all the people who were traveling. The earthquake in Shaanxi had an estimated 830,000 victims and reduced the population of the region by a ridiculous 60 percent. Strangely enough, he also managed to influence the architectural trends of the area: Since many people had been killed by rockfalls, the reconstruction used wood, bamboo and other earthquake-resistant materials.
. 3 Yellow River Floods in China
Between 1887 and 1938, China's famous Huang He went through the three most destructive floods in history . The 3,395-mile-long river is extremely muddy, which exposes the plains of the North China Plain to constant flooding: from the 2nd century BC onwards. He has been estimated to have flooded 1,500 times, and no one can begin with the calculation of death and death destruction that these floods have brought in total.
However, we are uncomfortably well aware of how devastating these three devastating floods were for poorly prepared China. In the flood that took place in September and October 1887 (and the famine and diseases that brought the survivors), the death toll is estimated at between 900,000 and two million. An even more destructive in August 1931 covered 34,000 square miles of land in the water and flooded "some" another 8,000. Up to 4 million people were killed by the flood and its aftermath, and a devastating 80 million people became homeless. This particular flood is often regarded as the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history.
The last of the three mega floods came in June 1938 and was actually created entirely by human hands. Thanks to the military destruction of dikes near Kaifeng to stop the approaching Japanese forces in the Sino-Japanese war, up to 900,000 people died.
. 2 The Great European Famine
While honest men in their desperation can do terrible things, and the best way to make a person desperate is to make them terribly hungry, imagine what would happen if you did would starve a whole continent. Actually, you do not need that, because that's exactly what happened in 14th century Europe.
The Great Famine in Europe occurred when the crop failed from 1315 until the summer harvest of 1317 throughout Europe. The results were downright catastrophic. The few years of hunger have single-handedly halted a centuries-long period of prosperity and growth, plunging the continent into a pandemonium of disease, death, crime, and even the indescribable horrors of child-murder and cannibalism. Millions of people died and it took until 1922 for Europe to recover from the terror. In fact, the effects of the disaster are still felt today: some parts of France are reportedly still more sparsely populated than just before the outbreak of the Great Famine.
. 1 Plague of Justitian
Disclaimer: This has a death rate that goes right through the roof, although technically it is not a natural disaster where "the earth rises to engulf us all" but a disease outbreak. A massive, massive outbreak of disease.
Imagine being an almighty emperor trying to cement your legacy. The most important thing that history books remember about you is that a bunch of rodents managed to kill countless thousands of people in their reign … and give their name to the following epidemic . This was the fate of the Byzantine emperor Justitian I, who became the epitome of Justitian's plague (or Justitian's plague, why would he give her only a version of the name?) Just because he happened to be in charge had when it happened.
The Plague of Justitian, which was basically a nasty cellar version of the Black Plague before it went mainstream, had formed in China and / or India, and their tours eventually took them to Egypt and various trade routes , It had its big breakthrough in 542, when the diseased rodents finally reached the mighty city of Constantinople. According to reports, the city was affected by almost all forms of the plague at one time: in addition to the classic Black Death plague there were also pneumonic and septicemic types. As such, thousands of people began to overturn. Tens of thousands of people died in no time, and the fact that the authorities were unable to eliminate the masses of dead, diseased bodies in time did not help.
After the plague with Justitians Constantinople, it turned its attention to the Mediterranean and later to Persia. The active career took an estimated half a century, though some indicate that the plague has continued its Mediterranean tour for a good 225 years. In the end, it is estimated that Justitian's plague killed as many as 40% of the inhabitants of Constantinople, and that the entire Byzantine Empire lost somewhere between 25 and 50 million people. Nice heritage, Justitian.
More articles you might like