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Difference between steel and copper



Copper and steel are definitely not the same, but how different are they?

You are an element, you are an alloy.

Copper is a pure element, ie it contains nothing but atoms made of copper metal. Steel is not an element; It is an alloy or metal combination of more than one element. In this case, steel is made by mixing iron and various amounts of carbon (and sometimes other elements). Pure iron is softer and more malleable, but the carbon atoms may make steel harder and stronger. By changing the amount of carbon we put in the steel, we can adjust its properties.

We use copper for much longer.

Steel has been around longer than you think – maybe even making iron with at least some carbon in it 4,000 years ago. The oldest large steel production known to us was Wootz steel, which around 600 BC. Chr. Was made in India. But the copper consumption is even older! Since it occurs in the floor in a more or less usable form, we didn't have to learn how to smelt and clean copper ore before we could start making things out of it. The use of small-scale copper was documented almost 1

0,000 years ago, and people learned to smelt, cast, and alloy with copper thousands of years before we figured out how to make steel.

How They Are Manufactured Today

Most copper is extracted today from mine mines on the American continent in the form of copper sulfides, which are then cleaned. Copper mines are still in operation in Utah and New Mexico, but Chile produces more copper than anywhere else in the world. We also get a lot of copper from recycling old products, which is good because at the rate we are currently mining, there won't be enough left in about 50 years to be excavated. Hold on to your copper, it could be worth something! Modern steel is almost always made from pig iron, to which we then add carbon using various processes. The currently most efficient carbon process is BOS, which stands for Basic Oxygen Steelmaking. The steel produced in this way has fewer impurities and can be produced faster than before. We also get a lot of steel, almost 40%, from recycling. China is the largest producer of modern steel.

What do we use them for?

Steel is one of the most important building materials used by humans today. Our large infrastructure (roads, skyscrapers, bridges, etc.) is often made by building a steel frame to reinforce concrete or other materials. It is also still the main material for cars, which are more people than people in some parts of the world, as well as for many machines and building materials such as nails. If you want a strong metal, always use steel. Copper is no longer used to make spears and armor, but is still very useful today – more than ever in the digital age. Copper has proven to be a great conductor of electricity and is widely used in cabling and other electronic applications. It is also often used to coat the outside of buildings and sometimes to create antimicrobial surfaces that humans can touch without spreading disease. Weathered copper turns green and gives the Statue of Liberty its classic look.


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