The technical terms that describe any type of malicious attack can be confusing for ordinary people. Malware, viruses or spam, to name a few, are some types of malware that have different functions but have the same goal: try to do bad things on your devices.
Let us discuss today's topic, which is the difference between two terms. Malware and spam. We'll first understand what malware is.
People will probably find it easier to understand if someone mentions the term “malicious software”. Malicious software or malware is any type of program designed to damage your device (s) in any way. Yes, a virus is a type of malware. Other types of malware are spyware, rootkits, and worms.
How is malware harmful?
Once your device is infected with malware, it sabotages your computer in different ways, depending on the type.
Virus : Virus is software that modifies your computer programs to potentially damage your files and even damage your hard drives. Other types of viruses can also block your internet access and slow down your computer.
Spyware : Spyware is a program that hackers use to spy on or track your activity on your device. It can collect confidential information such as passwords and bank account information and send it to another entity without your consent.
Rootkits : Rootkit is a collection of computer programs that may be used to control your device through the Internet at the root or admin level, hence the term rootkit.
Once he has administrator access, he can maintain his privilege by undermining the program that might otherwise recognize him, e.g. B. an antivirus program. Reinstalling the system operating system is often the only safe way to remove rootkits.
Rootkits can exploit your device's vulnerability to access the kernel ̵
worm: worm resembles a virus. The only difference is that worm is standalone software that does not require a host. Like a virus, it can replicate over the network and spread to other devices.
A real life example
Kaspersky discovered a new malware called Xafecopy in 2017. It harms Android users by embedding Android apps that could potentially be downloaded to users' devices.
Once the infected app is downloaded and installed, the wireless application protocol phone bill is used to cause the device to subscribe to several paid services without users knowing it
Spam can be malware or not. Spam is defined as unwanted and unwanted messages that are sent to an enormous number of recipients.
Typically, spam is sent in the form of an email for commercial purposes (i.e. when a company tries to advertise its products or services). Spam can become malware if it contains malware that accesses your device when you open the email attachments or links.
How harmful is spam?
Commercial spam can only annoy you and fill your inbox. Spam can only be really dangerous if it contains malware or fraudulent methods.
Spam as a fraud medium works when users enter personal information on a fake website using email that is fake as if it came from a reliable source like PayPal. This type of fraud is known as phishing .
An example from real life
<img class = "lazyload" src = "data: image / svg + xml,% 3Csvg% 20xmlns =% 22http: // www. w3.org/2000/svg%22%20viewBox=%220%200%20292%20172%22%3E%3C/svg%3E "data-src =" https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images? q = tbn: ANd9GcSQBMOS2M-Wt6WqJzKqcvJI9KOTlmkjG4sYXL9IvHVxcaLlefzc & s "alt =" In 2006, the Rustock botnet began to infect many malicious computers with malware. As soon as a PC is automatically infected with malware, other computers send spam from PC to PC to further spread the malware.
These emails often advertise health products or security programs that victims consider necessary to correct a fake security vulnerability that does not exist in reality.
Fortunately, the Rustock botnet was successfully closed in March 2011. However, the people responsible for this malware are still free uß.