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Ernest Hemingway was a titan of 20th century literature and transformed his experiences into rich, moving stories in several wars A farewell to weapons and Whom the hour strikes. The enthusiastic athlete also challenged his love of nature to create bittersweet metaphorical works like Big river with two hearts and the Pulitzer Prize the old Man and the Sea. Here are 10 facts about the writer Papa, who was born on July 21, 1899.

1. Ernest Hemingway received the Italian silver medal of bravery and a bronze star.

Hemingway served as an ambulance driver in Italy during World War I and was mortally wounded by mortar fire on July 8, 1

918 – yet he managed to help Italian soldiers get to safety. The action earned him an Italian silver medal of bravery. This honor was achieved almost 30 years later when the United States awarded him a bronze star for his courage when he reported on European theater in World War II as a journalist. His articles appeared in Necklaces and other magazines.

2. Ernest Hemingway was also accused of war crimes – and acquitted.

After D-Day on June 6, 1944, when the civilian Hemingway was not allowed to get off at Omaha Beach, he led a group of resistance fighters on a mission to collect information in the French city of Rambouillet. The problem was that, according to the Geneva Convention, war correspondents should not lead armed forces. The Inspector General of the Third Army accused Hemingway of several serious crimes, including removing stains from his clothing that identified him as journalists, storing weapons in his hotel room, and commanding a faction of resistance fighters. Eventually, he was freed from wrongdoing.

Hemingway always claimed that he had done nothing but act as a consultant. He wrote on The New York Times In 1951, he declared that he had “a certain amount of knowledge of guerrilla warfare and irregular tactics and a basis for a more formal war, and I was willing and happy to work for or be of use to anyone who would give me something to do within my skills. “

3. Gertrude Stein was the godmother of Ernest Hemingway’s son Jack.

The well-known American writer of modernity, Gertude Stein, moved to Paris in 1903 and regularly held salons in which greats and artists of the time took part. These included Pablo Picasso, Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald and a young Ernest Hemingway. Stein became godmother to Hemingway’s first son Jack in 1923.

4. Ernest Hemingway was supposed to be a KGB spy – but he wasn’t very good at it.

When Necklaces In 1941, the legendary war correspondent Martha Gellhorn sent her husband to China, Hemingway, for a story, accompanied her, and submitted programs PM. The Stalin-era KGB documentation (revealed in a 2009 book) shows that Hemingway may have been recruited as a willing, secret source shortly before the trip and was given the code name “Argo”. The documents also show that he did not provide useful political information, was not trained for espionage, and only remained on the list of active sources until the end of the decade.

5. Ernest Hemingway examined F. Scott Fitzgerald’s penis in the men’s room.

Hemingway recorded his life in Paris in his 1964 memoir A moving festivaland revealed a notorious encounter with the Great Gatsby Author in the book. Fitzgerald noted that his wife Zelda ridiculed his manhood by claiming that he could not satisfy a lover. Hemingway suggested that you investigate yourself. He took Fitzgerald to the bathroom of Michaud’s, a popular restaurant in Paris, to examine his penis. Hemingway finally informed his friend that his physical condition was perfectly normal, and suggested checking some bare statues in the Louvre for confirmation.

6. One of Ernest Hemingway’s best works came about when he left luggage at the Ritz Hotel in Paris.

Speaking of A moving festivalHemingway wrote it later in life (it was published posthumously) after a stay at the Ritz Hotel in Paris in 1956, reminding him that in 1930 he had left a steam case (made for him by Louis Vuitton) in the hotel basement . When he opened it, he rediscovered personal letters, menus, outdoor gear, and two stacks of notebooks that formed the basis of his youth’s memories of Parisian cafe culture.

7. The famous “baby shoes” story is most likely a myth.

Oddly enough, a story that many people associate with Hemingway probably has nothing to do with it. Legend has it that one night while drinking Hemingway bet some friends that he could write a short story with six words. Unbelievable, they all put money on the table and on a napkin Hemingway wrote the words “For sale: baby shoes, never worn”. He won the bet. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that it ever happened. Some newspapers printed versions of the six-word plot without appreciating Hemingway in the 1910s, and there is no record of his connection to that sentence until 1991 (in a book about the publishing business), three decades after Hemingway’s death.

8. Ernest Hemingway almost died in a plane crash.

In 1954, Hemingway and his fourth wife, time and Life Correspondent Mary Welsh was on vacation in Congo, Belgium, when her sightseeing charter flight cut off an electricity pylon and crashed. When they tried to get medical care in Entebbe the next day, they boarded another aircraft that exploded on takeoff, leaving Hemingway with burns, concussion, and brain leakage in the brain. When they finally arrived in Entebbe (by truck), they found that journalists had already reported on their death, so Hemingway could read his own obituaries.

9. Ernest Hemingway dedicated a book to each of his four women.

Every time he got divorced, Hemingway was remarried within a year – but he always left something in print. The dedication for The sun also rises went to his first wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson; Afternoon death was dedicated to the second wife Pauline Pfeiffer; Whom the hour strikes was for the third woman Martha Gellhorn; and Over the river and into the trees went to “To Mary with love.”

10. There is a urinal from his favorite bar in Ernest Hemingway’s house in Key West.

Hemingway wrote several iconic works, including To have and not to have, at his home in Key West, Florida. Here he also turned a urinal from a local bar into a fountain. The local hangout of Sloppy Joe’s was a popular watering hole for the Iraqi author. When the place was being renovated, Hemingway took one of the urinals as a souvenir and joked that he had already poured enough money into it to make it his.

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