About every fifth species of mammal is a bat. You may have heard of the famous vampire bats feeding on blood, but some lesser known species use sonar to catch fish, scurry mice across the ground, build their own tents, and even stick to the walls with suction cups , Let's meet some of the most bizarre bats in the world.
. 1 Some bats can adhere to vertical walls.
If you want to attach something to a smooth vertical surface, such as For example, on a car window or on a slippery shower screen, you can use a suction cup. Disc bats also use them. They have special cups on their ankles and wrists that help them cling to smooth tropical leaves. This gives them a high, safe place to rest in the lively tropical forest. Suction bats, on the other hand, are wet ̵
. 2 Some bats can catch fish.
When bats chase insects at night, they find their prey with an amazing sonar-like ability called echolocation. But the big bulldog, named after her canine face, uses this sonar to catch fish. When he flies over water, he senses telltale waves caused by the underwater movements of his prey. He grazes the surface with his big feet and quickly grabs a slippery meal.
. 3 A bat species weighs less than a penny.
Kitti is the smallest bat in the world – and indeed in the race for the world's smallest mammal. This animal is just over 33 millimeters long and weighs less than a penny. It's also unique: its ancestors separated from other bats more than 40 million years ago. The Kitti bat comes from Burma and Thailand, where it is prone to habitat destruction.
. 4 A few bats build tents.
When you take a hillbilly survival class, you learn to build protection from the natural material that surrounds you. And if you are like most beginners, the first few shelters can fall down or let in too much rain. Building shelters is hard to master – but some bats have made it. They gnaw at the veins of a large tropical leaf and fold it into a tent that protects them from rain and predators. One of these tent species is the white bat from Honduras. A group of these animals cuddling under their tent looks like a pile of marshmallows.
. 5 Other bats crawl around on the ground.
When a smaller New Zealand short-tailed bat is hungry, it hits the ground. It folds its wings tightly and uses them as forelegs as it scurries across the forest floor like a mouse searching for a snack. The diet of this bat is very diverse – it eats nectar, pollen, berries, insects and more.
. 6 Bats come in amazing patterns.
Bats are not only brown. The painted wool bat of Southeast Asia is orange and black like a pumpkin lantern. Indonesia's striped fruit bat is also ready for Halloween with some spooky makeup. Then there is the breathtaking rat bat. It is a resident of Central and West Africa and has showy white spots that make it look like a badger or a panda. These are just a few of the many, many beautifully patterned bats in the world.
. 7 The stylish bat has amazing hair (and ears).
Chapin's free-lance bat is native to sub-Saharan Africa and has a nasty haircut. Women wear a small tuft of fur that survives, but men have much larger coats of arms that matter for their courtship and they just look cool too.
. 8 Some bats sing love songs.
Move over nightingales. The males of several bat species court their partners with tunes as complex as those of songbirds. For example, to construct a proper song, a free-tailed Brazilian bat must follow certain rules and patterns, but like a great improvisation musician, he also adds his own particular style that characterizes him as unique.
How do bats learn? these complicated songs? They pick her up from her parents. As a baby, the larger batwing bats of Central and South America improve their singing skills. Like human children babbling to young sacked bats as they try to copy the sounds of their fathers.
. 9 This bat has a horse's head.
Bats have some really bizarre faces, but one of the funniest is one of the hammerhead male fruit bats in Equatorial Africa. Females of this species have a relatively common fox-like head. But men have heads that are almost three times those of a female. Their faces look even stranger from the front. Why this huge face and the protruding lips? They help this bat to make a unique whistle call.
10th Some bats eat scorpions.
The desert long-eared bat eats scorpions – and it does not matter if it plunges into the face as it falls on its prey. This bat comes from parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia and captures scorpions by attacking their heads. The scorpions vigorously defend themselves by sticking the bat on face and body. The bat sends its meals undisturbed and brings them back to a sleeping place. There it swallows every piece of a scorpion – even the sting.
The desert long ear is not particularly fussy about which scorpion species it is. It will even quell the Deathstalker, one of the few scorpions in the world whose sting may be fatal to humans.
. 11 Many bats pollinate flowers.
Bees are famous for pollinating crops and help us cultivate well-known foods such as apples, pumpkins and macadamia nuts. But bats are also pollinators. For example, these giant saguaro cacti in the southwestern United States flourish in the evenings to attract pollinating bats. And the agaves that give us tequila are also pollinated by bats; they form stinking flowers on tall stems that open at night. Wild bananas are also dependent on bats.
12th The tongue of a bat is longer than its body.
The tongue of the tube-lipped nectar bat is 1.5 times as long as its body. This bat uses its monstrous tongue to achieve delicious nectar deep in long tube flowers. When the tongue is not used, it is kept in the chest of the bat next to his heart.
. 13 Some bats are damn big.
Certain frugivorous bats have a wing span of over 2 meters. One of the largest is the fruit bat with gold cap in the Philippines. Named for its shock of blond "hair", it can weigh more than 2.5 pounds. It snaps in large numbers and feeds on fruits like figs. Deforestation and hunting have seriously put pressure on this crazy colossus.
fourteenth Moths can disturb the sonar of a bat.
Many insectivorous bats use echolocation to hunt their prey. But some moths fight back. They rub their genitals together to make sounds that disturb the sonar of a bat. Confused, the hungry bats push in the wrong place and bite the empty air.
This acoustic warfare is not limited to bats against moths. Researchers have found that Mexican bats disturb each other's signals when competing for prey.
15 The face of this bat does not even look like a face.
We have noticed that bats have strange faces. Some bats have yellow tubular nostrils. Some look like their faces have collapsed inward. Some are mainly made up of ears. Let's end this list with one of the most extraordinary species. Bourret's horseshoe nose, which lives in Southeast Asia, has a face suggestive of a crooked origami project. Why the long nose? It is perfectly shaped to focus on the bat's sonar.