War is the manifestation of the most extreme levels of human conflict, as tensions lead to violent mass actions. Under such circumstances, rules, codes of honor, and diligence are often sacrificed, as the goal of triumphing an adversary, whether civil or international, becomes central. It is noteworthy, however, that in certain cases war has been recognized as a time when more humanity (less than) must be shown, as in rare cases the best in humans is produced. In this report we scour exceptional cases, including the Japanese boy who fed a starving prisoner of war, an air force pilot who got his intended victim to safety, and a Nazi officer who protected Chinese citizens from the predatory forces of the Japanese Imperial Army.
0th John Rabe and the Chinese
Germany and Japan were officially co-members of Axis, but a German businessman and a benevolent Nazi Party member from Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, presented an unusual juxtaposition of loyalties in the history of war history. John Rabe, who is considered a hero and humanitarian was born in Hamburg (Germany) in 1882 and moved to China in 1908 to continue his work with the Chinese-based German company Siemens. He moved to China with his family and developed close relationships with local people, including Chinese workers and their families. John Rabe founded a German school in Nanjing in 1934, which he placed and operated on his property. When the Japanese imperial army invaded China, Mr. Rabe, by his work at the German school, was already an enthusiastic member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
In the same breath he spoke about what a Nazi meant to him in terms of the support of German workers, he also appeared humanitarian. He described how he faced a "moral dilemma" in Nanjing and eventually played a key role in building a demilitarized security zone in Nanjing. While technically an ally of the Japanese, he used the nominal alliance with the Japanese as a member of the NSDAP to protect Chinese civilians and even soldiers, despite the great danger of Japanese atrocities. While there were many that he could not save, he protected hundreds of Chinese refugees in the safe zone. He used Nazi armbands, Nazi flags, and swastika emblems to prevent his Japanese allies from harming his Chinese confidants as much as possible.
. 9 Franz Stigler and Charlie Brown
It is not often in history that the person officially charged with killing you becomes your guardian without ever having met you. It is even more extraordinary when this person finally meets their intended victim, who wanted to protect them, and then becomes good friends. But the pilot of the deadly Messerschmitt BF-109, who was intercepting a B-17 bomber over Germany, had a heart change as a Luftwaffe airman with a sense of fair fighting. Despite the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany, it is known that a certain number of German combatants fighting for the Third Reich have maintained proper behavior.
One of the most spectacular examples of this war premiere, which has gone far beyond the case of the Luftwaffe fighter pilot Franz Stigler and the American B17 pilot Charlie Brown their lives and the lives of the survivors Crew were spared on board in the course of interception over Germany. Instead of shooting down the heavily damaged B17, Stigler decided to bring the bomber to safety. beckoned to the pilot and flew alongside the plane so as not to be shot down until it was within range of the English coast. The pilots discussed the incident only after the war, when Stigler and Brown found themselves after a newspaper announcement. The two men became friends until death. Stigler had immigrated to Canada while Brown remained in the US.
. 8 Fumio Nishiwaki and Carl Ruse
American soldiers captured by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II could not expect good treatment, and a certain Carl Ruse was no exception. Detained at the Japanese detention center Yokkaichi-Ishihara Sangyo, Ruse was underpinned and badly treated by guards. He could have died from stress and hunger. After Carl Ruse had survived the so-called Baatan death march of April 1942, he had arrived at the camp where he had the frightening prospect of forced labor. At the time of his liberation and repatriation to the United States in 1945, after the end of World War II hostilities, Ruse was in poor condition, to say the least, but fortunately still alive. His survival, however, was not just a question of personal strength and determination.
A small boy, later found out as a very young factory worker named was imprisoned and fond of Carl Ruse for Fumio Nishiwaki . The young Nishiwaki was aware of the hunger rations that threatened Ruse's survival. He was constantly sneaking food for Ruse, supplementing his over-lean rations. Nishiwaki also gave Ruse a picture of him to take with him on his departure aboard the USS Rescue in September 1945. A charitable effort supported Carl Ruse's grandson Tim Ruse In the story he learned about the boy who helped his grandfather. The work facilitated the search for a Japanese man named Takeo Nishiwaki, who declared that his brother, who died at the age of 30, had given food to a prisoner of war while working in a factory at the age of 14.
. 7 Hasan Jusovic and Aco Nenadic
One of the tragedies of the war is that not only are devastation and short moments of success at the expense of others demanded, but also that people in the immediate vicinity can compete against each other. Even more remarkable is the fact that wartime warfare puts those who know each other into the questionable status of a legitimate enemy. If honor and loyalty to politics and the state of war prevail, the rescue by the enemy is a remarkable turn in the history of history. In the terrible conflicts between Bosniac and Serbian troops in former Yugoslavia in 1992, a 19-year-old Serbian man named Aco Nenadic, who was in the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), was part of a convoy that was forcibly attacked during the attack's withdrawal from Sarajevo ,
The convoy's attackers were Bosniak members of the Bosniak Territorial Defense (TO), responding to what they perceived as provocative attacks in the form of military supplies by the Yugoslav People's Army. In the midst of violence, Aco Nenadic heard a voice that was most familiar to him, urging him to remain calm and offered security and protection. The voice was that of his friend Hasan Jusovic, who had previously urged him to leave home because of growing hostility. Jusovic smuggled Nenadic home under his pretense, and soon he was disguised and cared for by civilians for a month. He then arranged for him to come to his own family home. After the conflict, the men had lost contact, but in later years, the two men met in 2009 with the help of a television program entitled All for Love .
. 6 Wilhelm Hosenfeld, Leon Warm and Wladislaw Szpilman
The German Wehrmacht was hardly the best friend to the Jewish victims of National Socialist military and political aggression. As a German national army, the Wehrmacht of Adolf Hitler and his Third Reich was in progress. However, under the rather uniform consensus of help, support or simply following aggression and human rights abuses against Jewish people and minority groups, there were individuals who were sometimes willing to prefer the welfare of two intended victims to their own mandate or even personal safety. The German Wehrmacht officer Wilhelm Hosenfeld, born in 1895 near Fulda, Hesse, grew up a Catholic and a German patriot. He became a soldier in the First World War, survived and became a teacher, married and had five children.
Although initially a supporter of Nazism, Hosenfeld was disturbed by violence against persecuted identifiable groups and the US Hostile content of Mein Kampf . As a Wehrmacht officer stationed in Poland, he initially rescued Leon Warm by hiding him from a Nazi train on his way to Treblinka under a false identity and employment position. He then rescued Wladyslaw Szpilman, a Jewish musician, and gave him survival supplies in the final stages of World War II (as pictured in the film The Pianist ). For Hosenfeld it did not go so well. The Nazis did not get him, but in 1945 he was arrested and taken into Soviet captivity. Until his death in 1952 he remained in prison despite petitions of the two rescued Jewish men, Warm and Szpilman . In June 2009 Hosenfeld received the honor and recognition as "Righteous Among the Nations" in the Israeli Holocaust memorial of Yad Vashim for his saving. He did not pursue the goals identified by Nazi Germany as targets.
. 5 Najah Aboud and Zahed Haftlang
The Iran-Iraq War lasted from September 1980 to August 1988 and is marked by countless human rights abuses and hostilities committed on both sides by resolute fighters following the Iraqi invasion of Iran under the rule of Iraqi dictator Sadaam Hussein. Zahed Haftlang was an Iranian recruit for Basij's paramilitary forces who used underage soldiers to take the brunt of the battle confrontations and pave the way for experienced soldiers. When Zahed was only 13 years old, he became involved in the terrible conflict that killed 1.5 million people, survived the chaos and violence, and became a doctor in time. He soon had the opportunity to save the life of an enemy soldier, a certain Najah Aboud, an Iraqi who wanted to marry, but was conscripted and thrown in the midst of hostilities when Saddam Hussein ordered the unfortunate invasion of Iran leading to an Iraqi invasion led protracted struggle for territory, people and politics.
Zahed Haftlang found a seriously injured Najah Aboud and was ordered to kill. He was even subjected to physical violence by a supervisor who wanted to drive home. But after he had found a picture of the Iraqi's fiancee and baby Human Rights continued to put the blame on military aggression and did everything to provide clandestine emergency medicine and save Aboud's life until the order was changed to take Iraqi prisoners of war alive. Aboud spent 17 years in Iranian captivity while Zahed spent more than two years in Iraqi captivity. Then, 20 years later, a desperate Zahed was interrupted by a solicitous roommate during a suicide attempt in Canada and ended up in the Vancouver Torture Survivors' Association, where he remained Aboud and the two reunited and close friends.
. 4 Major Josef Gangl, the Americans and the Prisoners
One of the most remarkably complicated examples of rescue by the enemy is the case of Itter Castle in Austria. The castle was used by the Nazi regime as a prison for high-level prisoners in 19659-4, including French political and military leaders and cultural icons who should serve as hostages for negotiation when needed. Among the prisoners were no less than Marie-Agnes Cailliau, the sister of General Charles De Gaulle and the former French Prime Ministers Paul Reynaud and Edouard Daladier. However, as the Nazis began to lose the war more and more, the prisoners were released at the castle, but could not escape because the area was full of Nazi personnel. Heinrich Himmler's SS intended to take control of the castle and kill the prisoners.
French prisoners sent scouts on bicycles to meet them with the German Major Josef Gangl. Major Gangl decided to save the French, but he and his men could not do it alone. Major Gangl strategically surrendered to the American forces and then allied with them to fight the SS and rescue the prisoners. The castle was conquered and the prisoners released, but Gangl himself was killed in the ensuing battles and shot in the head by an SS fighter. If the prisoners had not been saved and rescued by the combined forces of their official enemy and the Americans their enemy had surrendered to, French personalities who had played a major role in the reconstruction of France would have been killed and could never make their vital contributions , 19659002] 3. Hoichi "Bob" Kubo and the Japanese Standoff
In the history of the Second World War, the fact that the United States and Canada were both immigration countries and in both countries was still a race and ethnic policy. There could be a conflict between the ethnic background and the perceived loyalty in the war environment. For example, in the case of Japanese Americans, there have been widespread detentions and concerns about their suitability for the service of the US forces against Japan. The Japanese American Hoichi "Bob" Kubo was determined to serve the US because he saw a cultural parallel to a Japanese story about a conflict between family loyalty and imperial loyalty and served with conviction.
July 1944 At the Battle of Saipan, an incident was materialized in which 130 Japanese soldiers and civilians hid in a cave. The civilians stood around the soldiers. Previously, the bloody conflict had been defined by a series of mass extinctions by suicide of civilians and soldiers who considered surrendering dishonest. However, Hoichi "Bob" Kubo volunteered to deal with the tense situation, hoping to save lives. He persuaded the 130 Japanese to kill themselves and surrender. All of these Japanese were saved from suicide or killed by one of their enemies by nationality, who was ethnically Japanese, before fighting with American troops. He used his cultural bridging skills to solve a potentially dreadful and bloody dead end.
. 2 Gino Farnetti-Bragaglia and the Canadian Trio
Meeting with Canadian soldiers or other Allied forces would not be the best fate for Italian fighters fighting for Italian fascist forces during the Second World War. Unfortunately, many civilians were killed by Allied air raids or collateral damage during ground battles. Both in the Kingdom of Italy under fascist rule and in the puppet state established by the Italian Social Republic after the surrender of the Kingdom of Italy and the change of sides to the Allies in 1943, many lives were lost to both the Allies and the Axis. For the young Italian war orgies Gino Farnetti-Bragaglia a group of Canadian soldiers rescued him from certain death in the Italian province of Frosinone in June 1944.
After he had found him in bad condition Alone after the death of his Parents in the war and separation from his brother became the boy of three Canadian soldiers named Lloyd & # 39; Red & # 39; Oliver, Paul Hagen and Mert Massey supervised. He described the men as his "guardian angels" and kept in touch after being abandoned in Italy in February 1945 after the withdrawal of the soldiers to Western Europe and brought into the care of a family in the region. It was agreed that he could stay in touch, and he did it all his life until the last "Red" Oliver died in 2012. Immens grateful for the rescue by the Canadian soldiers, the rescued Gino Farnetti -Bragaglia traveled by invitation to Canada to recognize the soldiers who had saved him.
. 1 Gerhard Kurzbach and Yisrael Fruman
The mass murder of Jewish people who were willfully captured as prisoners and refugees in World War II is characterized by worldwide war crimes. In the terrible events, the actions of the German Wehrmacht commander Gerhard Kurzbach are so clear that he has his image on the wall of a Jewish Holocaust survivor in Israel and was recognized for his life-saving acts as "righteous among the peoples" under the overwhelming horror and betrayal that constituted the worst moments of World War II. The clever, highly honorable Gerhard Kurzbach used his strategic position as head of a military vehicle repair shop to ensure that the vehicles used by the Nazis were in perfect condition.
Kurzbach is a classic example of someone who seems to protest too much, for he cheered and called out Jewish prisoners, and seemed only a little too heavy to shed hate speech. In fact, the truth to which no one had obtained for hundreds of Jewish prisoners to rescue deportations was the fact that Kurzbach acted as if he were persecuting Jews and then hiding them in the workshop before arranging escape. Israeli citizen Yisrael Fruman is one of the few survivors of the Holocaust who showed a German WWII officer on his wall in honor. Fruman acknowledged the good Kurzbach in a letter to his family and prepared to meet the grandson of the German sergeant. Tragically, it seems that Kurzbach paid for his behavior with his life, when he was arrested by the Nazi fanatics in 1942 at gunpoint and is believed to be dead.