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10 things you do not know about coffee

Coffee is one of the most widely used and popular drinks in the world, but what do you really know about the black drink? Keep reading and impress with your knowledge of the next cup of coffee with your friends or colleagues!

First described by a Swedish botanist

Although coffee is a tropical plant, the genus Coffea was the first described and named by the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in the 1

8th th century. The species Coffea arabica was first described and named by Carl Linnaeus in his book Species Plantarum of 1753. The second most important coffee today, Coffea Robusta was discovered more than a hundred years later, in 1897.

The world's second largest traded commodity

Coffee is one of the world's most widely used beverages that can be purchased virtually anywhere, even online at https: // www. gourmesso.com/. In 2017, the International Coffee Organization produced nearly 10 million tonnes of coffee, most of it in Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia and Indonesia. Since coffee is mainly produced in developing countries and is consumed mainly in industrialized countries, there is a huge global trade. After 1945, coffee is the second largest commodity after crude oil

The most expensive beans are found in cat feces

Kopi Luwak is the name of the world's most expensive coffee. The coffee, which can cost more than $ 1,000 a kilo, is made from beans that crossed the digestive system of a wildcat in Sumatra, the Asian civet cactus . It is the fermentation that occurs in the digestive tract of the cat, which gives the beans a very unique and sought after character, hence the high price.

Caffeine is a natural pesticide

The leaves contain caffeine and fruits of the coffee tree and act as a natural defense against herbivory. That is, caffeine protects the coffee plant from being eaten by insects and infested with pests. Obviously the defense does not work very well against humans.

Robusta makes you feel more alert

Robusta and Arabica are the two most commercially important coffees. If you are looking for a concoction that will make you more attentive, you should choose Robusta as it contains 50-60% more caffeine than arabica bean coffee. This partly explains why Robusta trees are more resistant to diseases and parasites because caffeine is a natural pesticide. In terms of taste, however, coffee made from Arabica beans is considered to be of the highest quality. The higher caffeine content in Robusta coffee makes it more bitter. Arabica coffee is less bitter and contains a greater variety of flavors that reflect local growing conditions.

The most commonly used psychoactive drug

Caffeine is medically classified as a stimulant of the central nervous system. It is also the most commonly consumed psychoactive drug in the world. In the US in 2014, 85% of adults consumed caffeine in some form (coffee, tea, cola or other caffeinated drinks). An overdose can cause restlessness, anxiety, agitation, insomnia, gastrointestinal disturbances, muscle twitching, irregular or rapid heartbeat, and even death. Between 25-100 cups of coffee contain a lethal dose of caffeine depending on the type of bean, brewing method, etc.

Moderate consumption may benefit the health

Caffeine is not only bad. Scientific research has combined moderate coffee consumption with several health benefits, including liver disease prevention, increased athletic endurance, improved cognitive function, and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. A 2014 meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that people who drank 4 cups of coffee a day had a 16% lower risk of death (for whatever reason) than people who did not drink coffee. These results show that you can continue to enjoy your daily Java cups safely!

Confirmed by the Pope

When the coffee came 17 century to Europe, he was not immediately accepted by all. On the contrary, it caused some turbulence. Some even considered it Satan's drink . In Venice, the controversy in 1615 was so great that the Pope had to intervene. He tasted it, found it delicious and fortunately gave him his papal blessing.

Five attempts to banish coffee through history

Five cities or countries have tried to ban coffee throughout history: Mecca 1511, Venice 1615 Constantinople 1623, Sweden 1746 and Prussia 1777. Fortunately none of the prohibitions lasted much Long. Today, coffee is consumed almost everywhere. While coffee is closely linked to Italian and Turkish culture, consumption in the Scandinavian countries (Finland, Norway, Iceland and Denmark) is highest

Best stored in the refrigerator

After the beans were roasted and ground, they are very sensitive to air, humidity, heat and light and begin to deteriorate rapidly. Connoisseurs are therefore advised to buy small portions of coffee and store them in a dark and cool place like the fridge. Whole beans can even be frozen.

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