The sentence "Everything is fair in love and war" has not really proven itself. As warfare has become more advanced and deadly, the nations of the world have joined together to ban certain practices in order to protect innocent human lives. After the First World War, the League of Nations founded the Geneva Protocols, which prohibited the use of bleeding, poisonous gases or other gases during the war .
Despite this international agreement, Italy, Japan and Spain used chemical weapons in the run-up to World War II. After the Second World War, the Geneva Conventions established fundamental rights for prisoners of war (civilians and military personnel). In addition, safeguards have been created for civilians living in war-torn areas. And despite this protection, the nations have broken these agreements again and again …
0. Halabja Chemical Attack
On March 16, 1988, the regime of Saddam Hussein committed one of the most heinous acts of modernity. The attack took place during the final phase of the Iran-Iraq war. The Kurds, an ethnic minority in northern Iraq, had joined Iran. Hussein's regime had long had difficulty restraining the Kurdish minority, and decided to seize the opportunity not only to end the war, but also to scare the hearts of insurgents. A genocidal campaign called "Al Anfal Campaign" was turned into war booty.
While the campaign against the Kurds took place for several years, the chemical attack was brief but catastrophic. Survivors remember hearing the sound of bombs as they saw white, black and then yellow clouds of smoke rising almost 150 meters. Some remember a sweet smell of apples, then something that resembles eggs. Soon birds fell from the sky. Then other animals started to die and then humans. All in all The attack killed between 3,200 and 5,000 people  and injured 7,000 to 10,000 more, most civilians 9. My Lai Massacre
One of the most disgusting acts committed by members of the American military took place during the Vietnam War. When the Cold War was in full swing, the United States felt it necessary to fight the rise of communism in Southeast Asia. The war in Vietnam started in 1955 and lasted 20 years. Almost 41,000 American soldiers were killed in action (more than 58,000 American deaths were reported). During the war, however, up to two million Vietnamese died on both sides as a result of the conflict. The My Lai Massacre took place on March 16, 1968. As a result of a cover-up, the American public needed a year to know what had happened. The massacre was one of the main catalysts for the growth of the anti-war movement that dominated the nation. More than 500 people, including women and children, were slaughtered and young girls were raped and mutilated.
The slaughter took place in a small village in the province of Quang Ngai which was probably a stronghold of the Viet Cong. In March 1968, the Charlie Company received the news that the VietCong had captured a neighboring village and sent it on a search and destruction mission. Army commanders had told the soldiers of the Charlie Company that all persons found in the region should be considered Viet Cong; However, when they arrived in the village, it consisted mainly of women, children and older men. After searching the village, only a handful of cannons were found, but none were shot at the Charlie Company. Lieutenant William Calley ordered his soldiers to group the villagers. Despite some protests, Calley, along with his men, began shooting at the villagers and killing mothers who were protecting their children. Huts were set on fire and those who wanted to run away were shot down. Of the 500 killed, 182 were women – 17 of them pregnant – and 173 were children, including 56 infants.
. 8 Second Italo-Ethiopian War
Although the League of Nations was to bring about an era of collective security, the Italian invasion of Ethiopia quickly showed that nations will always be self-interested. The Italian defeat against Ethiopia during the struggle for Africa was devastating and led to the overthrow of the imperialist government. When Benito Mussolini came to power, he hoped to restore Italy's reputation while expanding the Italian Empire in East Africa. The war began on October 3, 1935, when Italian troops invaded what is today Ethiopia. Chemical weapons were only used when Ethiopia launched its "Christmas Offensive", which dulled an Italian offensive while cut off the communication and supply lines.
In December 1935, Italian aircraft dropped tear gas grenades and suffocating gas over a northeastern part of the country. The Italian forces even went so far as to use sulphurous mustard air bombs. Historians have found that the Italian troops dropped more than 4,000 bombs filled with sulfur mustard, resulting in about  15,000 deaths . Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia would then give a speech on the failure of the League of Nations and collective security. He warned that if Ethiopia, a member of the League, could intervene without response, what could deter the invasions of European countries? History would prove him right.
. 7 Nanjing Massacre
During the Second Sino-Japanese War, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army killed over 200,000 Chinese citizens and unarmed combatants . The Japanese invasion of Shanghai encountered strong resistance and led to a war of attrition, in which both sides eventually fought hand in hand. With the help of a naval bombardment, the Japanese took Shanghai and marched into the then capital of China, Nanjing. The Chinese realized that the city would fall and decided that military personnel would fall out of the city instead of guarding it. They left the city's defense largely untrained fighting men. The result was a disaster. The Japanese destroyed the city while they raped and killed.
A journalist who traveled with the Japanese Army reported a rivalry between two soldiers who would first kill 100 people. According to an international military tribunal, more than 20,000 women were raped and most were killed after the crime. Japanese soldiers would mutilate their bodies and leave bayonets or Baboo in the vagina of their victims. There were even cases in which Chinese soldiers were abducted, with the Japanese roasting his heart and liver and eating them. Eventually, a fraction of the judiciary came when five officials were convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death by hanging. However, it has done nothing to save the lives of the thousands.
. 6 Congo Wars
While the other war crimes on our list affect two nations, the Congo is noteworthy in that the heinous acts were committed against fellow citizens. The Congo, a rich land of natural resources, has struggled to unite after independence. There were several civil wars in which various groups vied for control of mineral-rich areas.
Congolese soldiers have used rape as a form of warfare, terrorized women and their communities, and led many to give up their property. A 2011 study found that 1.8 million women in the Congo were raped and that 12% of women were raped at least once in the country. The Congo is considered the worst place in the world to be a woman. The most depressing fact in the Congo is that the conflict is just going on and there is no end in sight.
. 5 No Gun Ri Massacre
The Korean War is often forgotten, as is the violence and death that led to the founding of North and South Korea. Nearly five million people died, half of whom were civilians, accounting for 10% of Korea's pre-war population. In addition, nearly 40,000 Americans died and another 100,000 were injured. On July 26, 1950, the highest level of US commanders in South Korea ordered "that all Korean civilians who travel and travel around the country must be stopped." The Korean guerrilla forces disguise themselves as pawns and move across the battle lines.
Despite the military order, US soldiers in Central South Korea ordered hundreds of civilians from their villages south to fear a North Korean invasion. As the civilians marched south, members of the US 7th Cavalry Regiment dug in near No Gun Ri. As the civilians approached, the US cavalrymen were instructed to "shoot at everything and kill everyone." Over a period of three days, hundreds of South Korean civilians were killed. According to survivors, a nearby stream was red with blood. Estimates suggest that between 100 and 300 civilians were killed. Like the My Lai massacre, the actions of US soldiers were hidden for years. It took five decades for the facts to materialize, including statements from survivors and numerous US soldiers.
. 4 East Timor Genocide
For nearly 500 years, East Timor was controlled by the Portuguese. In 1974, a coup in Portugal opened the door to independence for the East Timorese. In 1976, the Portuguese decided to leave East Timor. Only nine days after their departure Indonesia was attacked and annexed by Indonesia.
The Indonesian government was worried about the seizure of power by a left-wing government or the possibility of other regions of Indonesia joining the East Timorese. Indonesia would occupy East Timor for 24 years, where men, women and children were systematically murdered. Rape was also a common practice to terrorize women in East Timor. More than 200,000 Timorese died of starvation, disease and fighting as a result of the occupation of Indonesia.
. 3 Bosnian Genocide
Probably one of the best-known violations of international law occurred during the genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the nations of the Eastern bloc began to declare their independence. In April 1992, the Government of the Yugoslav Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia.
A multi-ethnic state, the first elections in the country led to a coalition along ethnic lines. That was not good for the Bosnian Serbs. With the support of the Yugoslav army, the Serbs carried out ethnic cleansing and cruel crimes against Bosnian Muslims and Croatian civilians. The Serbs are Christians, killing more than 100,000 people, 80% of whom were Muslims. It has been described as the worst genocide since National Socialist Germany.
. 2 Batang Kali Massacre
Following the Geneva Conventions and the introduction of basic human rights for non-combatants, British soldiers broke international law by killing 24 unarmed citizens. With the defeat of the Japanese during the Second World War, the British returned to Malaya to reclaim their former colony. However, many liberation fighters who had mobilized during the Japanese occupation had not disbanded.
The guerrilla outfit began attacking British commercial outfits and killing British landowners. As a result of increasing hostility, the British declared a state of emergency that triggered an unannounced 12-year war. In December 1948 7. Train, G-Company, 2nd Scottish Guards, civilians rounded up near a rubber plantation. The men were separated from the women and children. There was only one male survivor, Chong Hong, who only lived because he fainted when the automatic weapons killed his compatriots and were thought to be dead.
. 1 "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany
One of the least reported facets of the Nazi perverse ideology was her mass murder of German fellow citizens who were mentally and physically disabled. We have decided to embark on this program of "euthanasia" because it was part of the Nazi sentiment during the Second World War. They were a race of perfection and purity, and everything believed to be incompatible with this idea had to be eradicated.
The most worrying aspect of their program was the collaboration of doctors and midwives who were asked to report to children with signs of mental or physical disability. The program resulted in the murder of more than 70,000 German citizens, mainly children, by their own government.