Serial killers have long been the focus of the Ghoulian fascination in public. Real criminal readers experience the exciting thrill of walking in the heads of vicious killers, and Listverse has released several serial killer lists in the past.
For most of us, this is a harmless, if macabre, view of the dark side of humanity. However, some people are obsessed with the idea of either discovering a serial killer or becoming more worrisome about becoming one. We are looking at ten serial killers who have turned out to be not quite real.
10 Lucian Staniak
Lucian Staniak was a Polish serial killer with the nickname Red Spider. He murdered several women between 1964 and 1967. After each murder he wrote letters in his own blood and mocked the police for their inability to catch him. Eventually, at the rape and murder of an 18-year-old student, he left a clean fingerprint on a bottle that greeted him remarkably well.
Staniak was arrested and stated that he was being murdered. Avenge his parents and sister who died in a car accident because their killers were never brought to justice. He pleaded guilty to the murders of 20 women and was sentenced to death, even though it was turned into a life of insanity. 
All that turns out is utter rubbish. Staniak did not exist, the murders did not happen and nobody was ever prosecuted.
It is believed that Mr. Staniak was a fantasy of the true criminal author Colin Wilson, who wrote the first known "report" on the career of the Red Spider. This report was accepted as fact and widely used until researchers working on a biopic of the Red Spider and its crimes were forced to conclude that it had indeed never existed.
9 Sweeney Todd
It has long been disputed whether Sweeney Todd was a real person or not. The Demon Barber of the Fleet Street had allegedly slashed the neck of his customers with a razor and handed over the bodies of his lover, Mrs. Lovett, to be turned into pies. Todd was born in 1756 and learned his craft at Newgate Prison, where he was arrested for theft
His first victim was a man he had quarreled with, and after his body was easily disposed of, Todd should have developed his "trick chair "He used on wealthy clients is stupid enough to visit his premises alone. As he kicked the lever, the chair toppled through a trapdoor into the basement, whereupon Todd severed his throat and pulled the meat out of his bones to make the pie filling.
Sweeney Todd and Mrs. Lovett were arrested after the number of the missing sailors who had to shave in the area, the suspicion aroused. Mrs. Lovett confessed immediately before the suicide. Todd was brought to trial in 1801, charged with the murder of a single sailor on his way to delivering a (very) large chain of 16,000 pearls to a pawnbroker. The sailor has apparently decided to stop by Sweeney Todd's Emporium to get a haircut and a shave on the way. When the premises were searched, the police found belongings from 160 other people, suggesting that Todd was possibly the most prolific killer of all time.
All this sounds exciting, but unfortunately nothing can be proved. Barbers were at that time sometimes also surgeons and grave robbers and therefore had a not quite healthy reputation. You could also perform tooth extractions, bloodshed and disturbing enemas.
However, there are no records of Sweeney Todd's arrest, search, or hanging that was allegedly done in 1802. There is no report of another barber who has committed multiple murders. There are also no newspaper archives about missing sailors or strange-tasting cakes. 
But there is a good musical.
8 The Phantom Of Heilbronn 19659016] The German authorities gave a reward of 300,000 euros in 2009 for the arrest of "Woman Without a Face", who had left traces of her DNA in murder and heavy crime scenes for over 15 years, including The Murder of a Police Officer in Heilbronn
Investigators of the murder in Heilbronn were shocked when they discovered that DNA found on the scene was consistent with genetic material from other dozens of other cases. The unknown phantom of Heilbronn, as it was called, had committed crimes throughout Europe, from murder to burglary and vehicle theft. And her crime continued. Three bodies were pulled from a river near Frankfurt. Two men were convicted of their murder, but traces of the Phantom's DNA were also found in the car. If the men knew who she was, they said nothing.
The serial killer's first sample was taken from the edge of a teacup belonging to a woman strangled with a wire. The DNA was then traced to the bullet in a weapon fired by another person. It was found in cars, in used syringes, and in many murder weapons.
But despite growing evidence, the police were outsmarted. They started an intense manhunt to find the woman who was clearly dangerous. Late in 2009, however, the suspect was arrested when he discovered that Heilbronn's phantom was actually a completely innocent woman working in the factory producing her DNA test kits. 
7 The Halifax Slasher
In 1938, two mill workers in Halifax, England, were attacked by a knife maker who was soon to be called Halifax Slasher. Over the next nine days, more and more women fell victim to the Slasher. Vigilante groups began to patrol the streets to protect their wives and beat up anyone who looked suspicious.
Scotland Yard was called to catch the rogue before anyone was killed by the lynch mobs. In the interview with "victims" it quickly became clear that the majority of her wounds had been inflicted on her own. The events in Halifax were apparently a classic case of mass hysteria.
But what about the two original victims? They had clearly described the Slasher except for the bright buckles on his shoes. They had blood from wounds in their heads. Surely your accounts were real? Obviously, they had done it. 
6 The crazy Gasser of Mattoon
The crazy Gasser of Mattoon had a special way of attacking his victims. Most serial killers commit their crimes for several years. In 1944, he attacked 34 people in the course of two weeks. Most serial killers like to see their victims die; he attacked from a safe distance. Most killers prefer weapons, knives or blunt objects. As its name suggests, however, the Mad Gasser preferred the humble home stove.
Some of the victims in Mattoon, Ill., Became ill; others found that they were paralyzed. Luckily, nobody died. There were no traces of gas in the houses, and there was no evidence. Nevertheless, the newspapers told stories of crazy gases and described the symptoms of the victims in glaring detail. Over the next few days, more and more people, mostly those who read the newspaper articles, fell victim to Gasser. The police still found no evidence or anywhere except where it should have been.
They found a woman who came home to find a piece of cloth on her doorstep that caused a burning sensation in her throat when, for unknown reasons, she put it on and breathed in. She also found a skeleton key and a lipstick. Convinced that the Gasser had been interrupted during the attack, the investigators analyzed the cloth, but no traces of toxins were found. It turned out that the key was an ordinary key, and the lipstick was just a lipstick.
There seemed to be no motive for the attacks. No one had been attacked, and none of the houses had been robbed. The police concluded that no attacks had ever occurred and the crimes were the result of a mass hysteria triggered by the inflammatory reporting in the first case. The police also suggested that the original case of poisoning may have been caused by chemical emissions from the factory next door. 
5 Thomas Quick
Thomas Quick was once considered the most notorious serial killer in Sweden. More than 30 murders were confessed, even though he had been tried and convicted of only eight. He claimed to have tortured, raped, killed and even eaten some of his victims, including a nine-year-old girl. He was convicted without any evidence on his own because of his confessions, despite some serious deviations, such as: The fact that his seed did not agree with that found in a body of his victim. The police helped them to clear up their cold cases and confessed everything that lay ahead of him , In the details he was often indistinct and said that a victim was blond when she was dark-haired and forgot where he had kidnapped her.
Quickly confessed to killing a teenager in 1964 when he was only 14 years old, although witnesses were 400 kilometers away when he took his first communion at that time. There was no DNA evidence, no murder weapon, and no eyewitnesses to his crimes. He quickly mentioned 24 different places where he had committed murders, dismembered corpses or buried remains, but none of them ever found a single trace of DNA.
All his confessions were pure fabrication. It is possible that the fact that he was treated with benzodiazepines throughout his police interviews influenced his judgment. It was not until Quick's medical team changed and his medication was reduced that he stopped confessing to murder.
He was eventually acquitted of all eight murders and released. Quick, who changed his name to Sture Bergwall, always had mental health problems and was already in an asylum when he admitted his first crime. Obviously, this was not an indication of the police.
4 Joe Scafe
Joe Scafe is no serial killer. In fact, Joe Scafe is not even a person. It is the invention of Professor T. Mills Kelly and his students at George Mason University, who created him to test the theories they had learned in their Lying About The Past, and examined the unreliability of historical reports ,  Using real newspaper archives, the students identified four women who had been murdered in New York between 1895 and 1897. They created Wikipedia pages for victims with factual information. Then they invented a story about the discovery of a trunk that gave the impression that an older relative, a Joe Scafe, was a serial killer.
The story of the "gruesome discovery" was published on online media sites and visitors Soon the contents of the trunks were linked to the Wikipedia pages. For a while, it seemed like the internet had caught a killer. It was not long before the joke was discovered, as all Wikipedia pages were created simultaneously. 
3 Henry Lee Lucas
Henry Lee Lucas may have been a serial killer, and he is still guilty of eleven murders. No one will ever know for sure how many people he killed because he confessed to having committed between 600 and 3,000 murders, whichever reports you believe he could not have done some.
He was sentenced to death for the murder of an unidentified woman in Texas in 1979. There were no witnesses to the crime and no physical evidence, but Lucas is said to have confessed to her murder, although his employment records and a paycheck were redeemed that he was in Florida at the time of her death. The evidence against him was so weak that even the Governor of Texas got into trouble. George W. Bush presided over the executions of 152 people during his term as governor, but turned Lucas punishment into a prison. Lucas was the only person whose verdict was changed by Governor Bush 
Nevertheless, Henry Lee Lucas was a violent man. He had spent 15 years in prison for beating his mother to death. He attributed his many confessions to tranquilizers and the fine meals he was fed by the police during the confession. He died of a heart attack in prison in 2001.
2 Wearside Jack
Between 1975 and 1980, the Yorkshire Ripper brutally killed 13 women. Police investigations focused on Yorkshire, where most of the attacks took place, and investigators were desperate to set a pattern for the murder and profile of the killer. In 1978, they received a letter from the murderer they believed would give them an insight into the killer's thoughts.
Two more letters followed. And finally, a tape recording of the Ripper himself talking directly to senior investigator, George Oldfield. The band mocked the officer for not arresting him.
"I have the utmost respect for you, George, but Lord! You are closer to me now than four years ago when I started. I suppose your boys will let you down, George.
The police finally had a solid clue. The Yorkshire Ripper was not from Yorkshire, but from Wearside in northeast England. Dialects experts were used to analyze the accent and were able to narrow the search range. The investigation team changed the focus of their search, and thousands of men from the area were interviewed without success.
When the Ripper was finally caught, it turned out that Peter Sutcliffe had a Yorkshire accent after all. Wearside Jack was a hoaxer who had seriously disturbed the investigation. Worryingly, Peter Sutcliffe was interviewed by the police but was released because his accent did not match that of the man on the tape, and he killed again.
Wearside Jack Identity Not Known Until 2006 John Humble, an unemployed alcoholic with no connection to the Yorkshire Ripper, admitted he made the band a joke. He was sentenced to eight years in prison. 
1 Andrew Scott Haley
In 2009, Andrew Scott Haley released a video in which he killed 16 people and invited viewers to find clues he had them on Place the corpses given. He promised to reveal his true identity if they could solve the puzzle of what all seemed like a harmless murder mystery game, except that Haley had made the mistake of using the details of real murder victims, not the names, and The police believed that he was the real killer.
Hundreds of working hours were spent hunting for catchmekiller, as he called himself online. When he was finally caught, it turned out that Haley was not a murderer at all, but a man with a computer and a dubious sense of humor. He was accused of making false statements, even though he had never named any of the persons he claimed to have been killed, and did not submit those statements to the police.
Haley was sentenced to two years work permit. His legal team appealed the conviction on grounds of freedom of expression. 
Ward Hazell is a traveling writer and occasionally a travel writer.