Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is taboo on the 10th day of the Hebrew month. It is the second of the two "High Holidays" after Rosh Hashanah at the beginning of this month.
It is the only major Jewish observance that people over the age of 13 must fast for a full day. As with all Jewish holidays, it starts in the evening and ends 25 hours later. The day is traditionally spent mainly in prayer, with Bible study sessions and discussions. We commit ourselves and God to be our best selves.
. 1 Jews renounce more than food.
Fasting is not only based on eating and drinking, but also on sexual relationships, the wearing of leather or the consumption of perfumes. In biblical times, these last two items were signs of wealthier people, and so today both humble clothing and humble attitudes are part of observance.
. 2 The full name is Yom Hakippurim, the day of atonement.
Technically, the name is plural. All confessions are filed as a community and sung in the first plural: "We have sinned." This public ritual is intended to create a supportive and connecting experience.
. 3 Forgiveness is a big topic.
In the days before Yom Kippur, people have asked forgiveness for all relatives. One can not ask for God's forgiveness, the main point of daily activities, until one has been forgiven by the people involved.
. 4 There are some creative lists of sins.
There are several lists of sins, all in Hebrew alphabetical order, that form acrostics. In modern times, some very clever writers have translated them into English and largely retained the alphabetical order. For example, a recitation based on the motto "We have reversed a b etrayed, c ruel, d estroyed", e mbittered others, "etc. Almost all of these sins are about how people deal with each other, not how they deal with God: violence, haste to court, lack of compassion, indifference to evil, etc. [Itwasnotagreatdayforgoatsinantiquity
In the biblical times, two goats were selected by lotteries, one sacrificed ritually to atone for the sins of the people, and the other acted as an act of Purification driven into the desert, and some say over a cliff, this was, of course, the "Scape-Goat."
6 There are some less-expected reasons for fasting.
In addition to fasting as a sign of true repentance Creation of a less secular Fo The experience of being truly hungry should arouse the highest compassion for the poor. It is a tradition to make a charitable donation of at least the amount you would have spent on the family that day.
. 7 It is the only holiday on which the evening service begins before sunset.
This evening service has a special name: Kol Nidrei, which is also the name of the most important Yom Kippur evening prayer. In it God is asked to annul and forgive all pressurized oaths. This is an indication of the religious oaths that have been taken in epochs when Jews were forced to convert to Christianity or to die.
. 8 There is also a commemorative candle.
Since the Holocaust, Jews have lit a commemorative candle for the six million dead as well as for deceased relatives.
. 9 Even the Torah gets a special outfit.
It is customary to wear white as a symbol of purity and a new beginning. Even the Torah scrolls have special white coats (covers) for the High Holy Days. Traditionally, men (and now women) wear a plain white robe over their clothing, referred to as Kittel . This is worn again for the Passover seder and is the garment in which they are later buried.
0th It used to be about dancing.
In the biblical era, in the late afternoon of Yom Kippur, the unmarried girls danced in the forest clearings, and the unmarried young men watched in the hope of knowing what was meant to be his bride.