This is a list of today's cities after the period in which they were continuously inhabited. The oldest cities in the world offer beautiful architecture and amazing stories, and yet there are remarkably few old cities today. There are some disagreements about the historical record; So we've added some cities to this list because they are religious or cultural.
. 1 Jericho, Palestinian Territories
Jericho, the world's oldest continuously inhabited city, is a Palestinian city near the Jordan River in the West Bank. It is the administrative seat of the Jericho Governorate. The city was occupied by Jordan from 1948 to 1967 and has been occupied by Israel since 1967. Administrative control was handed over to the Palestinian Authority in 1994.
It is known in the Judeo-Christian tradition as the place of return of the Israelites from bondage in Egypt, led by Joshua, the successor to Moses. Archaeologists have discovered the remains of more than 20 consecutive settlements in Jericho. The first dates from 11,000 years (9000 BC); Almost until the beginning of the Holocene in Earth's history.
. 2 Byblos, Lebanon
Byblos was founded as a Gebal by the Phoenicians and got its name from the Greeks who imported papyrus from the city. It is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon governorate of what is now Lebanon under the Arabic name Jubayl. And it was also called the Gibelet during the Crusades. It is believed that it was first between 8800 and 7000 BC. BC was occupied. And after fragments of the pre-Trojan Phoenician historian Sanchuniathon, it was built by Cronus as the first city in Phenicia. Today it is considered by many to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.
. 3 Aleppo, Syria
Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. it may have been around since the 6th millennium BC. BC inhabited. Syria's most populous city with around 4.4 million inhabitants Aleppo was around 4,300 BC. Chr. Founded as Halab. Since the ancient site is occupied by the modern city, it is hardly touched by archaeologists. The city was until about 800 BC. BC under Hittite control before passing into Assyrian, Greek, and Persian hands. It was later occupied by the Romans, Byzantines and Arabs, besieged by the Crusaders and then taken over by the Mongols and Ottomans.
. 4 Damascus, Syria
The capital and the second largest city in Syria after Aleppo. Damascus is known as Ash-Sham in Syria and is also known as the city of Jasmine. Called by some sources as the oldest inhabited city in the world. Damascus was perhaps 10,000 BC. BC Inhabited, this is also discussed. It became an important settlement after the arrival of the Aramaeans, who built a network of canals that still form the basis of their modern water networks. Damascus, another conquest of Alexander the Great, has since been owned by the Romans, Arabs, and Ottomans. Because of its historical wealth, it is a popular tourist destination today.
. 5 Susa, Iran
Susa was an ancient city of the Elamites, Persians and Parthians of Iran. It lies in the lower Zagros Mountains, about 250 km east of the Tigris, between the Karkheh and Dec rivers. Susa appears in historical literature in the earliest Sumerian records; For example, in Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta it is described as one of the places obedient to Inanna, the patron deity of Uruk.
In the city's history, Susa is one of the oldest known settlements in the region and in the world. Starting from C14, the date of establishment of a settlement dates back to 4395 BC. The modern Iranian city of Shush is located on the site of ancient Susa. Shush is the administrative capital of the Shush County in the Iranian province of Khuzestan. It had a population of 65.00.
. 6 Faiyum, Egypt
Faiyum is a city in central Egypt. It is located 130 km southwest of Cairo and is the capital of the modern Faiyum Governorate. The city occupies part of the ancient site of Crocodilopolis. It was around 4000 BC. Founded and is the oldest city in Egypt and one of the oldest cities in Africa. The modern Faiyum consists of several large bazaars, mosques and baths, while the Lehin and Hawara pyramids are nearby.
. 7 Sidon, Lebanon
Sidon is the third largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the southern governorate of Lebanon on the Mediterranean coast, about 40 km north of Tire and 40 km south of the capital Beirut. One of the most important – and perhaps the oldest – Phoenician cities. It was the base from which the great Phoenician Mediterranean empire grew. Both Jesus and St. Paul are said to have visited Sidon, as was Alexander the Great, who visited the city in 333 BC. BC conquered.
. 8 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Plovdiv was the second largest city in Bulgaria after the capital Sofia. It later fell into Byzantine and Ottoman hands before becoming part of Bulgaria. The city is an important cultural center and offers many ancient remains, including a Roman amphitheater and an aqueduct, as well as Ottoman baths.
. 9 Gaziantep, Turkey
Gaziantep is a city in southeastern Turkey and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The city is 185 km northeast of Adana and 127 km on the road north of Aleppo, Syria. The history of Gaziantep goes back to the time of the Hittites. In the city center is the Byzantine citadel of Ravanda, restored in the 6th century, and Roman mosaics have also been discovered.
10th Beirut, Lebanon
The history of Beirut, the capital and largest city of Lebanon and the cultural, administrative and economic center, goes back around 5,000 years. Excavations in the city have unearthed remains of Phoenicians, Hellenists, Romans, Arabs and Ottomans, as early as the 14th century BC. Chr. Were mentioned in letters to the Egyptian Pharaoh. It has become a vibrant, modern tourist attraction since the end of the Lebanese civil war.