Americans have always had a hatred for outlaws, from the folk heroes of the Old West to the mafiosi of the 20th century and beyond. Jesse James was the subject of dime novels in which he was depicted as a hero figure long before he was killed by Bob Ford. Wyatt Earp was well acquainted with both legal pages. The roving criminal gangs of the Depression years became national figures, some openly advocating eluding the legislators who persecuted them throughout the Midwest. Bonnie and Clyde were romanticized, in spite of the murders they had committed, some simply brutal executions of lawyers.
After the 1930s, organized crime was less committed by small gangs than by bosses notorious for their ruthlessness. Individual thugs like Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson, and the aforementioned Bonnie and Clyde were replaced by criminals less likely to be murderers themselves, but more than willing to order a murder. The robbery of the banks was replaced by the robbery of the citizens through loans, trust games, gambling, drugs, prostitution and the corruption of companies and unions. Gangster wars, in which criminals killed each other, replaced the shootings between police and criminals, and lawyers became the enemy of the gangsters. Here are 1
10th Arnold Rothstein was the first to lead organized crime as a business
His gangster colleagues were so impressed by Arnold Rothstein's mental acuity that he was nicknamed the "brain". Rothstein emerged from the Jewish mob in New York before Prohibition and was widely suspected of doing sports events to profit from gambling on them. Boxing matches, baseball, horse racing, dog racing, and other events were manipulated by Rothstein through a network of full-time criminals and law enforcement officials he turned to when it seemed disciplinary action was needed. It was Rothstein who most likely arranged the fixed World Series with the Black Sox in 1919 though neither the fixe nor his involvement was ever proven.
Rothstein was one of the first to exploit them The pirated ban and the organization he built for this purpose included many of the most famous underworld names of the time. Legs Diamond, Dutchman Schultz, Meyer Lansky and Charles Luciano, later known as Lucky, were all part of his criminal ventures. He became the arbitrator of disputes between various gangs, and his decisions were considered final. Rothstein was killed when he refused to settle a debt he had in a supposedly manipulated poker game. He refused to identify the shooter when he was dying and told the police that they should stick to their business and follow him. The dissolution of his criminal empire led to many gang wars in the 1930s.
. 9 Al Capone exploited the widespread corruption of the Government of Chicago to build its empire
The original Scarface rose from the harsh New York five-point gangs to become bouncers in Mob's controlled brothels in the city before moving to Chicago as a personal bodyguard and gangster and pirate Johnny Torrio , A gang war between the northern and southern gangs of the city meant that Torrio was almost killed. Retired, Torrio handed over control of the south side to Capone, who ruthlessly expanded his business and became the leading supplier of illegal alcohol in Chicago. He also took control of illegal thugs, brothels and much of the city government. At the same time, Capone accommodated the goodwill of many citizens through soup kitchens, job openings, and other activities that earned him the reputation of a new Robin Hood.
Capone put his fortune in expensive suits, jewelry, cars, women and food. He bought whole trains of sleeping cars to carry himself and his entourage on the Florida vacation, though his increasing paranoia made him doubt all but his closest collaborators. The number of murders at his feet is controversial, although his guilt is in the arrangement and planning of the famous Valentine's Day massacre. Whether he once beaten to death with three former employees with a baseball bat, is discussed by scholars, although such an act for the gangster was quite characteristic. Capone died of syphilis after serving a tax evasion sentence, but the criminal empire he founded – known as The Outfit – still operates in Chicago.
. 8 Charles Luciano created the modern criminal organization, colloquially known as Mob
Charles "Lucky" Luciano was another hard-hitting punk coached by Arnold Rothstein along with his gangster colleagues Vito Genovese, Joe Masseria, Frank Costello and others in the criminal pantheon of the 1930s. Rothstein not only provided Luciano with the basics of operating a crime syndicate of illegal drinks, brothels, and number-one rackets, but also taught him how to remove the traces of the roadside cap and accept them in polite society. Luciano became so comfortable ordering dinner at New York's best restaurants as he bought a hot dog from Nathan. In the mid-1920s, Luciano was one of Joe Masseria's most trusted helpers. Luciano relinquished this trust by having Masseria killed by one of the armed men, a thug named Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel.
It was not Luciano who was the first to organize the five families of Cosa Nostra, as is generally believed. Salvatore Marranzano deserves this bow, and after putting Luciano at the head of one of the five families, he had him killed. Luciano then reorganized the Five Families and used the Commission to settle disputes without violence. After years of investigation, alleged by Thomas E. Dewey, federal prosecutor Luciano finally condemned 1936 for pandering . From the federal prison, he continued to control organized crime in New York and New Jersey. In 1942, he concluded a secret agreement with the US government to ensure that the docks of New York and New Jersey remain operational, and used his contacts with Sicilian mobs to obtain information to the Allies during the invasions of Sicily and Italy benefited. After the war, he was deported to Sicily and brought back to Havana, Italy, where he controlled organized crime in Naples for many years until his death in 1962.
. 7 The Dutch Schultz was one of Luciano's biggest competitors in New York
The native Arthur Simon Flegenheimer took the manageable name Dutch Schultz when he came to power in New York's Jewish gangs of the 1920s. Schultz's criminal career began when he deprived craps games on the streets of New York. The name Schultz comes from his short time as a driver for the Schultz Trucking Company. In the mid-1920s, Schultz worked as a bouncer and executor for facilities owned by members of the Italian gangs in New York. Arnold Rothstein was shot dead in 1928 and eventually died of his wounds; It was widely believed that Schultz, at that time a powerful New York pirate, had ordered the hit in retaliation for a fatal attack on his partner Joey Noe. No one was ever convicted of Rothstein's murder.
Schultz himself committed several murders, one of which was by Jules Modgilewsky, known as Julie Martin. Schultz killed Martin by shooting him in the mouth, in front of witnesses apologizing for killing someone in front of them. After Schultz had paralyzed his operations by aggressive charges of Thomas Dewey, he asked the Commission for permission to kill Dewey. Denied he ordered a strike on Dewey, which failed . Luciano, who wanted to take over the business of Schultz, used disobedience as an excuse to have Schultz shut down. In October 1935, Schultz was shot dead by armed men who worked for Murder Inc. It soon came to the legend that Schultz had hidden over $ 7 million in cash and bonds in a safe buried in the Catskills. The vault, if any, was never found.
. 6 John Dillinger was the king of the roving gangs of the 1930s
The Depression era saw roving gangs of outlaws pervading the Midwest, depriving banks and businesses, engaging in violent and spectacular shootings with local law enforcement agencies. The gangsters included names that became legendary: Bonnie and Clyde, Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, Kelly Machine Gun, and King of All, John Dillinger. Dillinger was involved in spectacular outbreaks in the prison, robberies that were marked by shootings with machine guns and automatic rifles armed with criminals, chases, ambushes and frequent disappearance. He tried to change his appearance through plastic surgery, mocking the police and the newspapers and falling in love with the public for his declared goal of stealing not the simple man but the banks that robbed the people.  Dillinger and his gang, of which there were several variations, robbed two dozen banks in less than a year, during which they robbed them of police stations and armaments in search of weapons and shops and petrol stations. Stealing a car was an everyday occurrence for the gang. During the year of the violence Dillinger was accused of only one murder, although members of the gang had committed several others. It was the persecution of Dillinger that grew the small US Bureau of Investigation into the Federal Bureau of Investigation . Dillinger was killed by the law enforcement authorities after he was betrayed by a brothel owner who hoped to prevent deportation. Since then he has been portrayed several times in the film, including Warren Oates, Robert Conrad, Mark Harmon and Johnny Depp, adding to the myth their interpretation of his life.
. 5 Frank Costello was named the Prime Minister of the Underworld
Costello was born in Italy and grew up in New York's East Harlem district, where his father ran a small business. He began his criminal career at the age of thirteen – or at least at that age first drew police attention. Another criminal student of Arnold Rothstein, Costello, joined a gang that included Bugsy Siegel, Meyer Lansky and Vito Genovese, who had committed robberies, blackmail, loans, bookmaking, and the sale of narcotics. When Prohibition began, their contacts and strong weapon tactics were useful to Rothstein and the pirate networks that emerged during the so-called Great Experiment. Costello survived the organized wars of the late 1930s (19659007) and acted as a senior associate, the Consigliere, by Lucky Luciano.
Luciano appointed Genovese chief When the former went to prison and the latter fled to Sicily in 1937 to escape prosecution for murder, Costello became the boss. In the 1940s, Costello expanded the illegal activities of the family and made huge profits, including through the operation of horse racing in California by his partner Bugsy Siegel. In the 1950s Costello became nationally famous when he testified in front of the television in the Kefauver Committee hearings that gave the public a glimpse of the underworld. Costello survived several criminal cases for tax evasion and contempt of Congress and a Genovese assassination attempt in 1956. He retired the following year and maintained until his death in 1973 a residence in the Waldorf Astoria.
. 4 Bugsy Siegel and the birth of Las Vegas as a gambling mecca
Bugsy Siegel is often portrayed as a victim of the mob, who is upset that he is not making immediate profits from his new casino, which was paid for with mafia money. Siegel was indeed one of New York City's most brutal and unscrupulous killers who helped found the infamous killing machine. Murder Incorporated A childhood friend of Al Capone, Siegel became known for his skill in handling knives, weapons, and the garrote, and for his willingness to use them both for his pay and for his personal satisfaction. His ability as a killer endangered his own life and Siegel undertook in 1933 the first of several trips to California, which he undertook in the late 1930s with the aim of bringing criminal enterprises on the East Coast to the West Coast. Siegel took over the numbers and bookmaking business of Los Angeles with strong support from New York.
Siegel was seduced by Hollywood kings in California and became a celebrity himself when he appeared in public with people like Gary Cooper. Clark Gable, Cary Grant and a multitude of asterisks. In the 1940s, he began building the Flamingo in Las Vegas, using mob-money and promising big profits when the casino opened. They did not appear as promised. At the same time, Siegel scanned the profits of the other West Coast mob operations he was responsible for and channeled the money into the flamingo and into his own pockets. Until the late winter of 1947, the Flamingo scored low profits after opening, closing, and reopening in public, but the Mob bosses were sick and tired of waiting. Siegel was killed on June 20, 1947 in the home of his girlfriend Virginia Hill by long-range gunfire. The trigerman who killed the former killer was never identified.
. 3 Johnny Roselli was recruited by the CIA in the early 1960s
Johnny Roselli's criminal career began in Al Capone's Chicago, when Capone still worked as a bodyguard for Terrio. The native Fillippo Sacco began his career in the California film industry and was later heavily involved in blackmail activities against Hollywood producers. In the 1940s he was known as an executor for the Chicago outfit. It was Roselli who, on the orders of The Outfit Columbia Pictures, commissioned Harry Cohn to offer a contract to a young and unknown actress who had caught the eye of outfit boss Tony Accardo. Cohn followed under pressure from Roselli. The name of the young actress was Marilyn Monroe.
In the 1960s Roselli was involved in CIA attempts to kill Fidel Castro in Cuba. He was a well-known collaborator of Frank Sinatra, who sponsored Roselli's membership in the Friars Club, where Roselli was soon involved in cheating cards in a widespread fraud. In the 1970s, Roselli was associated with an alleged conspiracy in the murder of John F. Kennedy and the disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa. Roselli testified before the House Committee that investigated Kennedy's assassination in 1975, days before Sam Giancana was to testify. Giancana was shot before he could show up. In 1976, Roselli was called before the committee to testify a second time, but Roselli could not be found. In August 1976, his dismembered body was discovered in a steel drum near Miami in Dumfounding Bay. Whoever killed him has yet to be determined.
. 2 Whitey Bulger enjoyed FBI protection as he committed multiple murders
Few thugs in American history were as ruthless and reckless as James Joseph Bulger Jr. Bulger hated the nickname Whitey and preferred to be called Jimmy. He was eventually charged with 19 murders based on eyewitness testimony from staff, though he probably killed several more. He assisted the IRA terrorists with both money and weapons, operated loan sharks, bookmakers, narcotics rings, and other criminal activities, while serving as an FBI informant. He gave the FBI information about the operations of the Italian mafia in South Boston, in return the FBI looked away on Bulger's activities. Eventually, FBI agent John Connolly drew attention to Bulger's imminent arrest and gave the murderer and blackmailer time to flee.
Bulger escaped justice for more than a decade, in which he was second only to Osama Bin Laden's top ten sought-after refugees. During his criminal career, Bulger had kept money and false identification papers helping him escape. He was arrested in 2013 and convicted of more than thirty crimes, including eleven murders. He was sentenced to two prison terms plus ten years and transferred from one federal prison to another before being taken to the Hazelton High Security Detention Center in the mountains of West Virginia, known to his residents as Misery Mountain. Within hours of arriving, Whitey Bulger was killed by inmates using a heavy padlock in a sock as a weapon. His eyes were almost gouged and his tongue cut, and the signs of organized crime showed that the victim had been an informer.
. 1 Leroy Nicky Barnes created an African-American mob in Harlem
Nicky Barnes was a small drug dealer and heroin addict in Harlem when he was imprisoned in 1965. While incarcerated, he struck his own addiction and met Joey Gallo, a member of the Colombo family. Whether or not Barnes von Gallo has experienced the benefits of organizing his criminal activities according to company principles is uncertain. However, when Barnes was released, he returned to Harlem with a business model in mind. In 1972, Barnes founded a seven-member organization called The Council, modeled after the mafia, to make narcotics distribution in New York more efficient. Eventually, his operations shifted to Pennsylvania and across the border to Canada, as did the mafia, which included legitimate businesses to launder money and disguise illegal activities. Untouchable . Finally, he was convicted in federal courts and imprisoned for life without the possibility of probation. In detention, he arranged a deal with prosecutors, by which he presented evidence against other members of the council as well as other illegal activities. Barnes' information led to the conviction of 16 drug traffickers, the prosecution of another 28, and involvement in eight drug-related murders. Barnes was dismissed from the Bundeshaft in 1998 and joined the Federal Weapons Protection Program. He was featured in films such as American Gangster in 2007, in which he was portrayed by Cuba Gooding Jr.
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