Most media sites love to hate the Deep Web. They paint it as a shadowy digital underworld swamped by nefarious characters who spend their time drugging, sharing illegal images, and promoting terrorist organizations. To some extent, what they say is true; In the Deep Web, however, is far more than the trade in firearms against Bitcoin.
First, we have to differentiate the difference between the Deep Web and the Dark Web. The Deep Web is a collective term for any website that can not be found through a search engine. These websites may contain secure financial information or academic databases. The dark web refers to an encrypted subsection of the deep web that is inaccessible to traditional web browsers.
Those surfing the Deep Web are free (at least in theory) from the constant monitoring of the regular network. This has attracted a multitude of users who want to search for a hidden presence online. With the exception of the Silk Road, which has been the subject of more than enough sensational articles, these are ten legitimate reasons why someone is surfing the deep web.
0 Underground Book Clubs
"Education is Liberation," Adam Smith wrote – not Adam Smith, the eighteenth-century philosopher and economist, but Adam Smith, the Web user and censored critic. The spread of digital literature is a hot topic in some corners of the internet, and guerrilla bibliophiles are far more common than you might think.
The Deep Web is a breeding ground for alternative reading material. Online libraries such as the Imperial Library of Trantor and Jotunbane's Book Club are packed with tens of thousands of textbooks and science fiction novels. Curious readers are able to search a wide range of books on research topics such as revolutionary politics, Scientology and conspiracy theories. It is said that there is a particularly large collection of titles on Stravinsky. 
These libraries also house a number of writers such as Alice Walker and Sherman Alexie, whose works have been banned by some schools and institutions. William Gibson's Neuromancer is another popular reading, as is Julian Assange's Cypherpunks .
9 . Digital Advertising
The deep network is something of a goldmine for online advertisers. The underground network tends to attract technologically smarter and more future-oriented types. Deep-web retailers are constantly striving to find innovative new ways to do business.
For that reason, it has produced a whole range of innovative advertising techniques. The immensely lucrative domestic advertising industry. Email promoted by Gmail The award-winning crowdfunding platform Thunderclap. All these groundbreaking ideas emerged in the deep web and have since spread into the wider world of cyberspace. Creative agencies like Big Spaceship will even use strategists to sift through the deep web and uncover the latest trends. 
8 Anonymous Cat Facts
Cat memes will spread over everyone and every corner of the Internet. No corner or crack is immune to their greasy pull. In a sense, they are like a digital epidemic, albeit very cute and fluffy.
The dark web is no exception. Anonymous Cat Facts is a website that offers exactly what it says on the tin: a seemingly endless supply of cat-related trifles. Just click the "New Facts" button and from the sky-ether the site becomes another fact about cats.
As always, take a pinch of salt with everything you read online. While Cat Fact # 90 innocently points out that cats "sweat only through their paws," Cat Fact # 115 claims that 87% of cats believe in Prophet Muhammad but do not identify themselves as religious. 
7 Announcement of new music
There are not many musicians like Richard D. James. Most artists are applying to publish new material in a press release or on regular social media sites. But Richard D. James is not the greatest artist.
In summer 2014, the radical British manufacturer released SYRO his first new album under the pseudonym Aphex Twin for 13 years. To announce his long-awaited return, James flew over London with a neon-green airship. After that, the Aphex Twin logo appeared throughout New York.
The eccentric promotion run ended after James shared a link with the extension ".onion" on his Twitter account. All ".onion" links can only be opened via Tor, one of the most popular browsers for accessing the Deep Web. Aphex Twin fans following the link found that they contained cryptic artwork, along with details of the upcoming album. 
SYRO came to tremendous applause just over a month later when he won the 2015 Grammy for Best Dance / Electronic Album.
6 Social Media
In this technological age, is there a cake in which Mark Zuckerberg has no finger? For the past 15 years, Facebook has grown from a dorm-led college startup to a huge global enterprise that has billions of users accessing it every month. The extremely lucrative brand includes messaging, image sharing and even virtual reality in the form of Oculus Rift.
In October 2014, Facebook took a step into the deep web. Users who want to securely and anonymously access the social media site can do so through the browser Tor via facebookcorewwwi.onion. The link is heavily encrypted to improve privacy. Anyone previously connecting to Facebook through Tor was probably suspended because the software looked like the account had been hacked. 
That is, people should always be careful when entering personal information online. This note applies in particular to the Deep Web, where phishing is a recurring threat. Websites are created that appear legitimate to deceive users into entering sensitive information that is then transferred from the spoofed websites to scammers. Scams like these are far more problematic in the Deep Web, where regulation is much looser than the regular network.
5 Evading Cyberstalkers
Thanks to the Internet, it's easier to abuse than ever before or harass anyone. Cyberstalkers can listen to private phone calls, hack bank accounts, and even track the physical location of their victim from a laptop.
Rather than enduring this terrible abuse, victims of cyberstalking find shelter in the deep net. Andrew Lewman, one of the co-founders of the Tor project, has launched a series of counterterrorism programs developed in collaboration with domestic violence groups.
The incognito web browser gives victims plenty of time to seek help online without increasing help Suspecting their perpetrators Victims actually endanger themselves by seeking help. Stalkers get angry when they realize that they are losing control, increasing the risk of violence or murder. The anonymous way Deep Web offers is critical to combating cyber abuse. 
4 Editing Wikipedia
Creating content for Wikipedia is far more dangerous than some people would have imagined. Bassel Khartabil, publisher of the online encyclopedia, is said to have been executed by the Syrian government in 2015. There are reports on Twitter that publicly announce when a US government official is processing. In 2017, Turkey decided to block Wikipedia completely because of disagreements over an article about its investment in terrorist organizations.
In addition, there are a number of controversial articles on the site, such as terrorism or drug trafficking, that are fearful of contributing if their identities are revealed. A significant portion has stopped writing for the site, and is concerned about the harmful effects it could have on their professional reputation.
To protect users and contributors, experts experiment with the idea of a dark Web Wikipedia. Developer Alec Muffett created a temporary version of the site in 2017 that was only accessible through Tor. It is believed that hosting the encyclopedia in the anonymous network will make it more accessible to people living under media censorship, as well as addressing editorial security issues. 
3 Political Dissidents  People have never shied away from using the Deep Web as a political tool. In fact, the US government has partially funded the development of the Tor browser to allow international access to the Internet (although the dark net has become a breeding ground for arms smuggling, criminal activity and the likes of Julian Assange). One could argue that the project backfired.
In times of political turmoil, the deep web can become indispensable for resisting online censorship and state repression. In the 2011 Egyptian revolution, the rebels agreed on Tor after President Hosni Mubarak tried to trigger a social media blackout. The anonymous network played a crucial role in the uprising, which allowed the demonstrators to organize actions and expose the abuses of the Mubarak regime to the world.
Following the fall of Mubarak, the Free Software Foundation Tor presented a prize for social projects. The Foundation praised the fact that the network "purposely and substantially benefits society." 
The allegedly "secret" dark web is not nearly so secret Many of its users may believe. Hackers and technology experts are piecemeal against the hideous characters lurking in the depths of the dark web. Sites that share abusive content are quickly tracked down and blocked. More and more dark cybercriminals are imprisoned for their crimes.
Typically, hackers attempt to expose the hosts of an abusive Web site to find the IP address of their server. An IP address is a unique sequence of numbers that identifies any device connected to the Internet. In the regular network, an IP address is easy to locate, but dark web users use a variety of techniques to make sure their address is hidden. The challenge is to find and exploit the weaknesses of these techniques to essentially break through the cracks in their armor.
In recent years, hackers have succeeded in closing a number of high-profile locations. In 2015, IT security experts exposed 95,000 people from around the world who downloaded child abuse videos and images. Two years later, a team of hackers from Norway made headlines when it found out that the Childs Play Child Abuse Forum was actually run by Australian police officers. 
1 Journalists and Whistle-Blowers
Freedom of speech has become a highly controversial subject for anyone who publishes online. Websites and journalists reporting on sensitive or controversial issues face serious consequences. Attacks on net neutrality have allowed service providers to block news agencies that may not agree with their analysis or affect their shareholders. 2018, The Washington Post writer Jamal Khashoggi, a fierce opponent of the Saudi government, was tortured to death for his outspoken views Governments and corporations can offer the Dark Web protection and anonymity. Authors can otherwise freely publish limited information without fear of being conspicuous. It is hoped that journalism in the dark web can be judged solely on content and merit and not on who is appeasing the powers.
The question is: how reliable is information transmitted through the dark network? Source-less sources can be incredibly difficult to validate. Do we trust that anonymous journalists report honestly?