Imagine a time when bombs and rockets are always falling from the sky. Machine gun sounds are heard every day and explosions brighten the night. You are in a war zone involving every person and nation from around the world. These women from the Second World War experienced this on the battlefields of Europe.
They were the pioneers of women who actively engaged in the armies of the 20th century. These ladies were themselves heroes, some died in active service and left behind a famous heir.
They took a weapon and went into play. These World War II women were brave and pioneers who consolidated their heritage in history. They were heroes for their people and country. Let's take a look at these female heroes of World War II. Because if you know them, you know what impact they had on the story.
0th Hannie Schaft
A Dutch resistance fighter, commonly referred to as the red-haired girl who rebelled against the German occupation of her country, the Netherlands.
That was born on September 16, 1920; She was interested in politics at a young age. Therefore, it was most logical for her to do a law degree at the University of Amsterdam.
In 1940, the Germans invaded the Netherlands to surrender. However, the Germans had the condition for all students that they sign a loyalty form for the Germans. Hannie Schaft and nearly 80% of all university students refused to continue their studies.
When the Germans started attacking Dutch Jews, they tried to help them by giving them false identities in order to move freely. She worked mainly as a courier to transport weapons and documents.
With increasing participation in the Dutch resistance, the missions became more risky like assassinations and the demolition of German positions. In such a murder mission she was with a resistance fighter; They shot at their target when the Germans discovered it. They could not tell who Hannie was, but her red hair was visible. Here the name, the girl with the red hair, became her main character.
This eventually led to her being sought by the Germans.
So she was not caught, she dyed her hair black and wore glasses. This camouflage worked for a while, when she was caught in 1945 at a German checkpoint. She had a pistol and a banned socialist newspaper.
Shank was later identified as the girl with the red hair. She was interrogated and tortured, but did not provide any information to the Germans.
Finally, the Germans set about executing them, and on April 17, 1945, Dutch Nazi officials murdered them. Two men were assigned to this task. One shot only wounded her. She said to him, "I'll shoot better!" Here the other man fired the last shot.
She was a great figure of resistance to the Dutch she still remembers. A statue was erected in her honor. She is one of the legendary women of the Second World War in the Netherlands.
. 9 Mariya Oktyabrskaya
Hell has no anger as a despised woman. This describes Mariya best and how she was on the battlefields of World War II.
She was born on 16 August 1905 in Ukraine during the Soviet era. In 1925, at the age of 20, she married a Soviet soldier, Ilya Oktyabrskaya. When Germany invaded in 1941, her husband served on the front line.
Unfortunately, she received the news that her husband Llya died in August 1941 in the fight against the National Socialists. This annoyed her greatly that she was doing something that would change her life and be remembered forever in the story. She sold all of her possessions and decided to buy a tank (T-34), with which she personally fought the Nazis.
She personally wrote a letter to the Soviet leader Stalin to drive the tank and name her fighting girlfriend. Stalin offered approval and she completed 5 months of tank training. Most male soldiers considered this a publicity stunt.
The training was over and the Fighting Girlfriend experienced in 1943 an action with the armored brigade of the 16th Guards. Here, her courage was proved when the Fighting Girlfriend was able to break through the German lines and receive admiration from her male colleagues.
In another fight, she risked her life to continue fighting. Her T-34 tank was hit and the profile damaged instead of waiting for help, she got out of the tank and repaired it herself. She made it and fought on. This step, in turn, was crazy, risky and crazy because bullets and rockets were still flying around, it's a war.
Unfortunately, on January 17, 1944, the Fighting Girlfriend would terrorize the Germans for the last time. It was during a night attack on a heavily fortified German position. Her T-34 led the attack and the German fire was aimed at her. They managed to destroy the steps that blocked the tank, as usual, when Mariya got out of the tank to repair it.
Here she was severely wounded, shrapnel managed to hit her head and make her unconscious. She was taken to a medical facility where she was in a coma for two months but eventually died. Mariya died on March 15, 1944, at the age of only 38. She was honored for her bravery and heroism with the hero of the Soviet Union.
. 8 Nancy Wake
This former journalist was an active French resistance fighter and replaced her camera for the weapon.
She was actually born in New Zealand on August 30, 1912, but the family did not settle there, but moved to Australia. Her rebellious nature and her desire to be free of parents became apparent when she ran away from home at the age of 16. She got a job as a nurse and in 1932 she left Australia to explore Europe.
She landed in Paris, France and was hired as a journalist by the Hearst newspaper. This was at the time when the popularity of Hitler and the NSDAP increased in Germany.
Her duties included the reporting on the rise of the NSDAP and Hitler in 1935 in Germany. Their visits to Vienna showed the extent of the brutality of the Nazi gangs. They beat Jewish men and women together and this act left a lasting impression on Nancy Wake.
She was angry and vowed to resist this new rising power in Germany. This beautiful woman finally married in 1939 a rich French industrialist Henri Fiocca. Both were crucial for the upcoming resistance.
In 1940, the war began with the invasion of Germany in Belgium, the Netherlands and France, which were forced to surrender. France was now controlled by the Germans, Nancy Wake was the first ambulance driver, with whom she transferred Allied soldiers and Jews from France to Spain.
The couple Henri and Nancy became part of the French resistance. But the Gestapo has uncovered them and paid a price of 5 million francs for their capture. Her husband persuaded her to go to England to avoid capture.
In England, she worked in 1943 in the French section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE). What she learned was crucial to the success of D-Day and the liberation of France. In 1944 she was parachuted to France to meet the French resistance fighters in order to organize / prepare her for the liberation of France. It was also a connection between the fighters and the British. She did so, though she was the most wanted by the Germans.
Nancy and the fighters were involved in the destruction and demolition of German posts, convoys, bridges and supply lines. In such a mission, she had to fight a German soldier in hand fight, in which she killed him with a judo-chop technique. She also traveled for 72 hours by bicycle for 300 kilometers to send a message to London that passed German checkpoints. Her radio had been damaged by a German fire.
The Germans called her the White Mouse because she had escaped capture. She used bribes, her feminine / coquettish nature, and her ability to write a compelling story to avoid capture. Unfortunately, after the war she learned that her husband had been executed by the Germans because he did not want to betray her.
The story of Nancy Wake is about courage, love, determination and the right action. She had awards / medals from various countries, such as the Officer of the Legion of Honor from France and the Medal of Freedom from the United States.
Nancy Wake died on August 7, 2011 at the age of 98. It showed how the World War was going 2 Women were at the center of war and victory.
. 7 Marina Raskova
She was the architect of the purely female military aviation unit of the Soviet Air Force, which carried out successful missions against Hitler's Germany.  She was born on March 28, 1912, as the daughter of middle-class parents who wanted her to become a musician. Unlike most Soviet airmen, she was never interested in flying at a young age and was not her target. Finally, she gave up her musical ambitions and began to study chemistry.
In 1931 she graduated and worked for the Soviet Air Force at the Aero Navigation Laboratory. At 19, she was the first female navigator of the Soviet Air Force.
She had a pilot's license and became a teacher or trainer at the Zhukovskii Air Academy. Before the war, Marina Raskova was a Soviet hero because of her record flying. One such flight was the flight from Rodina from Moscow to Komsomolsk. She did so with two other female aviators and became the first woman to receive the Soviet Union Medal heroine.
Then came the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, when Raskova played a key role. Because of her influence, she managed to persuade the Soviets Joseph Stalin to become a purely female flying regiment. She divided these aviators into three regiments: the 586th Fighter Regiment, the 587th Bomber Regiment, and the 588th Night Bomber Regiment.
They marked the war with regimental airmen like 21-year-old Lilya Litvak, who brought chaos to heaven.
Although they had airplanes that were slow and less advanced than German fighter aircraft. They usually carried out their missions or bombing at night, and the Germans called them the Night Witches.
Marina Raskova was not only an architect or commander, but also actively involved in the war or the missions. On a mission, she was at the forefront, bringing two damaged aircraft to safety. Her plane was hit, so she was forced to land on the banks of the Volga.
She died on January 4, 1943, received a state funeral and was buried in the Kremlin. As part of her memory or remembrance, streets are named after her and stamps carry her portrait.
. 6 Lilya Litvyak
A Russian fighter pilot who served in World War II and recorded the most kills of a fighter pilot. It was part of the Soviet Air Force and followed the call to serve when the Germans invaded in 1941.
Lilya was born on August 18, 1921, where she performed her first solo flight at age 15 and graduated from Kherson's military aircraft school. She became a flight instructor at the Kalinin Air Club.
When the invasion happened, she volunteered at the Aviation Unit, but her lack of experience was an obstacle. She has therefore exaggerated her experience as a pilot for the Soviet Air Force. She was part of a female regiment of fighter pilots in the 586 Fighter Regiment.
Her first mission was over the port city of Saratov, where she flew defense missions. Her first killing took place when her unit was transferred to the Battle of Stalingrad. On September 13, 1942, she had her first two kills, becoming the first woman to shoot down an enemy plane.
As she began collecting more kills and missions, her fame rose across Europe. She was often referred to as the White Rose of Stalingrad because she had picked roses and put them in the cockpit before each mission.
Unfortunately, August 1, 1943 was her last mission in the Battle of Kurskshe, in which she was attacked in Ukraine. It was followed by eight (8) German fighter jets, which all disappeared in the clouds. Most likely she was hit and crashed, though there is still controversy over her death.
She was 21 years old at the time and had won 12 solo victories over the German Air Force. She was awarded the medal "Hero of the Soviet Union". There is a museum dedicated to her with all her achievements in the war.
. 5 Major Lyudmila Pavlichenko
She was the Soviet Union's most famous and successful sniper in World War II. In 1941, this young woman joined the fight against Hitler's army when they invaded the Soviet Union.
Born in Ukraine in 1916, she was a small-time amateur sniper and member of the rifle club OSOAVIAKhIM. Before the invasion began, Lyudmila Pavlichenko was a history student at Kiev University.
When the invasion began, she finished her studies to enter military service, but the recruiter wanted her to become a nurse. Her rejection of this request led her to be part of a unit to fight the Germans. She was part of the Red Army and was involved in battles between Greece and Moldova.
In her first 75 days as a Red Army soldier, she had managed to kill 187 Germans. She was such a dreaded sniper that the Germans even called her "Lady Death."
In 1942 she was wounded and thrown in the face with shrapnel. She had retired from active duty and had 309 kills, including 29 German snipers.
Lyudmila = became well-known as a hero as stamps had her portrait. She eventually toured Canada and the US, where she met President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. It was well received in both countries, and crowds gathered to see and hear them.
She established herself as one of the best female snipers of World War II who terrorized the Nazis.
Lyudmila eventually returned to Kiev University to complete her history studies. At this time she had already been awarded the medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union. She died on 10 October 1974 at the age of 58 years.
. 4 Mariana Dragescu
She was a Romanian military pilot who was part of the White Squadron, a purely female medical evacuation unit. This unit was involved in World War II and the aircraft were piloted by women.
She was born on September 7, 1912 in southern Romania. In 1935 she graduated at 23 years of flight school and was one of the first Romanian women to have a pilot license. In 1938 she joined the Royal Aero Club and in 1940 was part of the White Squadron.
When the war started, Romania was allied with Germany and in 1941 Mariana Dragescu and the White Squadron were involved in the invasion of the Soviet Union. They were involved in transports, rescue operations and in particular in the evacuation of the wounded.
The war did not go as planned, as Germany was in the Allied withdrawal mode. Here Romanian officials led a coup in 1944 and joined the Allies. As part of this new alliance, she continued her role in the Romanian Air Force.
When the war ended, Mariana Dragescu succeeded in bringing more than 15,000 soldiers to safety. She was able to fly her from the battlefields of Europe to medical facilities.
Unfortunately, under the Romanian Communist regime, their role and the contribution of the White Squadron were largely ignored. When the communist regime fell in 1989, its history was widely recognized and honored.
In 2003 she was awarded the Order of the Star of Romania. It actually served on both sides of the warring parties. Mariana was the longest living member of the White Squadron, but on March 24, 2013, she died at the age of 100. She was a pioneer among the women of World War II who went to heaven.
. 3 Yevdokiya Zavaliy
She was a 16-year-old girl who lied about her age in order to participate in World War II. She was born in May 28, 1926 in Ukraine during the Soviet era in the Nikolayev region. Their first introduction to the reality of the war took place when their village was bombed by German fighter jets and injured soldiers lay in pools of blood. Zavaliy was not only ready, but immediately helped the injured soldier by banding her wounds with sheets.
Here she met the commander of the unit and persuaded him to take her, but lied that she was 18 years old to agree with the officer. Her first role was to become a nurse, as women were not allowed to participate in the fighting. During her role as a nurse, she taught herself how to handle weapons.
Her urge to be an active soldier was so strong that she shaved her head and wore a military uniform. This was enough for most soldiers to consider them a man.
Their disguise managed to send Zavaliy to the front. Senior Sergeant Yevdokim Zavaliy with the 6th Airborne Brigade was sent to battle at Goryachy Kluch. She participated in other battles under this new male identity.
In such a battle (Mozdok end of 1942); Their troops were starving because they lacked food and ammunition supplies, which made them vulnerable. Here, Zavaliy demonstrated her heroism and leadership as she made a nocturnal raid on a river into a German camp where she stole ammunition and provisions before she drove off.
Zavaliy's lie was finally unmasked when she was seriously injured in the battle in the Kuban region. During treatment, doctors found that she was a woman, but due to her many successes, she was not court-martialled or appointed a nurse. She was alright to continue her military service, and was also promoted to commander.
A 17-year-old Yevdokiya Zavaliy became commander of a submachine gun train in 1943. Under their command, this platoon achieved successes in the Crimean battle and they have always been at the forefront. The German feared her so much that she received the nickname "Ms. Black Death".
Zavaliy retired from active service in 1947 at just 21 years of age. She settled with 40 medals such as the medal "For Courage" in Kiev. She died on 5 May 2010 as a heroine of the First World War.
. 2 Hazel Ying Lee
The first Sino-US military pilot to play a pivotal role in World War II. Born in Portland, Oregon, in 1912, as a child of Chinese immigrants at a time when discrimination against the Chinese was widespread. After her high school education she got a job as an elevator driver, as this was the only employment available for Chinese-Americans.
At 19, she joined the Chinese Flying Club of Portland and later acquired her pilot license. This motivated her to fly professionally, but in America there were few opportunities for her. Here she moved to China, hoping to join the Chinese Air Force and help fight the invading Japanese. But she was rejected because she was a woman; Instead, she got a job in Canton.
When the Japanese moved through China and took over areas, Canton fell and Hazel Ying Lee fled to Hong Kong. Later, she returned to the United States, where in 1943 the WASP program (Women Air Force Service Pilots) was introduced. Here women like Hazel set accents in the Second World War.
Their task was to deliver military aircraft to ships and docks where they would be deployed in the war zones of Europe. Although she completed these flights at night and in winter with open cockpits, she did not stop flying.
She was such a capable pilot that in 1944 she was one of the 130 women selected to fly the faster and more advanced pursuit aircraft. You should deliver these fighters to assigned points in the US. Hazel Ying Lee faced her death on such a mission.
She was ordered to deliver a fighter, but bad weather had stopped her. When the weather became clear, air traffic controllers asked them to take off, but other fighter planes were landing. This caused Hazel Ying Lee to collide with the other aircraft and go up in flames. Hazel Ying Lee was taken off the plane with serious injuries and three days later she was dead.
Hazel Ying Lee and the WASPs were recognized for their role and service in America.
. 1 Roza Shanina
A 19-year-old young woman who served as a Soviet sniper in World War II. She was born on April 3, 1924 in Russia as a daughter of Anna (mother) and Yegor (father). Her father had served in the First World War. She had other siblings who had served in World War II, but unfortunately three of her brothers were killed in combat.
On June 22, 1941, National Socialist troops invaded the western border of the Soviet Union. At the end of the year (1941), the Nazis began to bomb Arkhangelsk, where Roza studied. Here she joined as a volunteer for air strikes in the Soviet army. When her brother died in December 1941 in the siege of Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), she had the desire to go to the front.
But women were not allowed to join and serve, but suffered because of the heavy losses of the Soviet army, women were allowed to serve. She joined the women's sniper unit, which was founded and which she highlighted as a gifted sniper. By 1944, she had graduated and obtained a job as a sniper teacher, but she wanted to go and serve at the front. She refused the job and opted for active service.
This was the beginning of her fame and her legendary nature when she had 59 confirmed kills. Already at the age of 20, this young woman was an elite sniper. Although she was not invincible as a legend, she was hit once by an enemy shot on the right shoulder.
Her courage and bravery made her the first woman to win the Order of Glory for killing 13 enemies while exposed to artillery and machine-gun fire.
It was also referred to by a Canadian newspaper as the invisible terror of East Prussia, and the Soviet newspaper has mentioned it in their stories. On January 27, 1945 her train was under constant German fire during the East Prussian offensive. She was severely wounded when she screened an artillery commander and smashed shrapnel on her chest.
Unfortunately, Roza Shanina was dead, so she was killed in action. She was honored as streets were named after her and a museum in her village (Yedma) was dedicated to her. She was one of the most famous women of World War II in Europe.