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10 historical things that happened on Halloween



According to the ancient pagans (not to mention contemporary Wicca watchers), Halloween is the "veil" between the living and the spiritual world, which is the thinnest, meaning that the day is for supernatural events, haunting encounters and tragic ones Events is ripe. Here are 10 Halloween events that show that October 31st is not just a scary holiday.

. 1 SURVEYS AT THE 11TH AMERICAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION // HALLOWEEN 1828

What a nightmare: 34 days election day.

No matter how gruesome our presidential policy will be in 2016, at least the nation can foresee the end of the election campaign as soon as the polling stations close on 8 November. This was not always the case in America. Prior to the 1

848 elections, states were allowed to vote for several weeks at any given time. At that time – as the news slowly traveled and the nation's harvest patterns exerted even greater influence on the political agenda – the federal law gave states 34 days to run the elections before the electoral college convened on the first Wednesday of December.

These early competitions obviously began in late October or early November, but only two in 1800 and 1828 saw polls on All Hallows & # 39; Eve. The latter, in 1828, was a particularly ghastly (not to say historically significant) election in which populist outsider candidate Andrew Jackson knocked out the established East Coast elite, John Quincy Adams. In a sense, this rematch of the 1824 presidential election has been decisive for the policies we have today.

The nation was still young, but the 1828 competition established the two-party system and saw the debut of deeply personal attacks and concerted advocates of Adams called Jackson, the eventual winner, a war criminal, and called his wife Rachel an "adulteress" , The increase in vitriol drove the proliferation of party-affiliated press organs that relied heavily on allusions and conspiracies not newspapers, but the equivalent of Facebook groups sharing memes in the 19th century.

. 2 HUNDRED CRUSADERS IN ADMINISTRATION OF THE MONMOUTH // HALLOWEEN 1837

With strict righteousness of the language, we could call the terrible catastrophe that is going to materialize, a massacre, a grand murder, or anything but an accident.
– Lloyd's Steamboat Directory, and Disaster on the Western Waters (1856)

The situation was already dire for the approximately 700 members of the Creek tribe who settled on October 31, 1837 at the Monmouth urged. With much of the creek forcibly deported From their southern homeland after the "Indian Creek War of 1836," some were left behind while their families helped fight the Seminoles in Florida. After the fighters returned, the remaining creeks were put on boats to take them up the Mississippi, including the Monmouth .

When the overcrowded Monmouth steamed north of Baton Rouge, it crashed into another steamship that towed Warren another boat called Trenton , Lloyd & # 39; s Steamboat Disasters "was the force of the concussion that Monmouth sank immediately." It is estimated that at least half of Monmouth Passengers have been killed in the disaster, although records are rare because no government agencies ever investigated the incident.

. 3 NEVADA AS THE 36TH STATE // HALLOWEEN 1864

For obvious reasons, the states that left the Union during the American Civil War tend to attract more attention than those who joined the United States during the Second World War conflict. Nevada is one of only two – West Virginia is the other – to achieve statehood while the north and south struggled. (So ​​Nevada's claim as the "battle-born" state.)

A common explanation is Abraham Lincoln, and the Union needed the mineral wealth of the Silver State. Not exactly. Nevada was already an area of ​​Union, so Abe had the silver. By the end of 1864 the war was almost won. What Lincoln actually needed was Nevada's vote – both in the upcoming presidential election of 1864 and in an attempt to end slavery by ratifying the 13th Amendment.

. 4 BRITAIN BREAKS THE OTTOMERS IN THE BATTLE OF BEERSHEBA // HALLOWEEN 1917

One of the lesser known clashes of the First World War, the Battle of Beersheba is especially revered by cavalry enthusiasts and Australian First World War fans. Because as the sun went down on a day of fierce fighting in the Negev Desert, a brigade of Australian Light Horse riders staged what was remembered as the "Last Great Cavalry Charge" and helped to win a decisive victory for the Allied powers.

After After three years of bloody stalemate and fruitless conflicts throughout Europe, the Allied powers had almost nothing to show. The recent introduction of American troops had failed to overcome the stalemate on the continent, and in the autumn of 1917 it looked like another year of struggle with no measurable gain. But the initiative in Beersheba, just 50 miles south of the Ottoman-controlled Jerusalem, ended the stalemate in the Middle East theater and gave new life to the British war effort.

After the British expeditionary force of Egypt – consisting of troops from England, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand and India – the Turkish lines broke in Beersheba, the British pushed to Palestine and finally conquered Jerusalem in December. Lloyd George, the then Prime Minister, called it "a Christmas present for the British people".

. 5 THE END OF THE DEADEST MONTH OF THE SPANISH INFLUENZA // HALLOWEEN 1918

With a worldwide death toll of up to 50 million people, the Spanish flu is considered the most devastating pandemic in human history. In the United States, where an estimated 675,000 Americans were killed during the plague, not a single month was more deadly than October 1918. No one knows exactly what caused the so-called death thorn, but nearly 200,000 people died during cruel October. A compelling explanation: high doses of aspirin.

. 6 AFTER "MARCH ON ROME" BENITO MUSSOLINI'S TRIUMPHANT PARADE // HALLOWEEN 1922

First a bit of household: Benito Mussolini, notorious tough guy he was, did not march anywhere. No, while a band of about 20,000 black shirts actually made it to the Italian capital, Il Duce took a night train from Milan. When his followers reached the Eternal City, Mussolini was already in control. On October 29, King Victor Emanuel III. The 39-year-old to Rome to form a government. Allegedly the head of a coalition government, the authorized Mussolini set about consolidating his power and building his own personal mythology. To demonstrate the growing strength of his fascist party, the newly appointed Prime Minister led a parade of Blackshirts through the streets of Rome on October 31

7. THE INCREDIBLE DEATH OF HARRY HOUDINI // HALLOWEEN 1926

It is the most famous blow around the world. At the end of October 1926, Harry Houdini attended McGill University in Montreal, lecturing students and faculty on deceitful spirituality. On Friday, October 22, Houdini invited several McGill students to his dressing room at the Princess Theater, and while eyewitness accounts of what's coming next differ, so much is clear: a student named Joselyn Gordon Whitehead has several Heavy body strikes missed the middle part of the famous magician. Just over a week later, 52-year-old Houdini was dead.

The official cause of death was a diffuse peritonitis, an abdominal infection that was associated with an appendectomy, and the physicians first made the blow responsible for Houdini's sudden stroke death. Later researchers generally agree that in the worst case, Houdini stopped going to hospital for stomach pain and it was largely a case of bad timing.

. 8 SINKING REUBEN JAMES FROM GERMAN U-BOAT // HALLOWEEN 1941

Have you heard of a ship called the Good Reuben James
occupied by hard-fighting men of both honor and honor of fame?
She flew the stars and stripes of the Land of the Free
But tonight she is in her grave on the seabed.
-Woody Guthrie, 1942

In almost every respect, the USS Reuben James was an inconspicuous destroyer who was supposed to protect supplies on the Atlantic after World War II began. Sure, the 22-year-old warship had sailed the seven seas, but mostly in the form of peacetime patrols and low-stakes operations. Nothing flashy or tense. How exactly did it end in Woody Guthrie's song?

On October 31, 1941, just over a month before the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's formal entry into World War II, the Reuben James became the first US Navy ship to sink during the conflict. Of the nearly 150 crew members only 44 survived the attack.

. 9 THE BEST CUSTOM GAME OF THE BEST INDIVIDUAL SOCCER SAISON OF ALL TIMES // OCTOBER 1943

Slingin & Sammy Baugh has done everything on the grid. And in 1943, he did everything better than anyone before – he led the league in passing, stinging and intercepting – as part of a campaign, football historians consider the biggest single season in the history of the sport. The Baukin of the Redskins registered some incredible performances this season – his four touchdown / four interception game against Detroit was notable for his garish symmetry – but no one showed his dominance as a passer more than his massive day against the Brooklyn Dodgers on Halloween 1943. [19659004ThefinalresultatEbbetsFieldthisdaywas48-10wobeiBaugheinenNFL-Rekordvon376YardsundsechsTouchdownpassesscored-dasersteMalinderProfootballGeschichtedasseinQuarterbacksechsTDsineinemeinzigenSpielwarfBaughundWashingtonwürdenfortfahrendieOstabteilungderNFLzugewinnenbevorsiegegenSidLuckmanunddieChicagoBearsimTitelspielverlorenUnglaublichLuckmanwürdeauchfortfahrenBaughfürdenMVP-Preisvon1943auchauszusteigen

10th "MONSTER MASH" BY BOBBY PICKETT AND THE CRYPT KICKERS IS AT THE TOP OF THE BILLBOARD 100 // HALLOWEEN 1962

Half a century after its debut, "Monster Mash" remains the undisputed hymn of the spooky season. (Very close to second: "thriller".) We can take it for granted today, but there was a time when the "cemetery smash" was not repeated at every Halloween party in the country. Originally released in August 1962, this now evergreen holiday hit was actually the product of two fashions of the early 1960s: twist-style dance records and the movie Monster Mania. The song reached # 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts on October 20 and stayed there for two weeks.


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