Monuments are not always buildings or stationary objects. Red dresses have wavered outside for missing women, people have turned their loved ones into diamonds, and time travelers may have attended Stephen Hawking's funeral.
Monuments can also be problematic. They share communities and take their fair share of bullets. Famous sites also struggle with a mysterious slime that no one can stop.
Every now and then, social media falls in love with a wild animal. In recent years, a black bear from New Jersey has been worshiped. He was called "pedals" because he walked like a human on his hind legs. The bear's front paws were badly damaged, which caused the unusual and lovable way of moving.
Nobody knows how the pedals of the pedals were mutilated, but it was probably a car accident years ago. With the affection for the bear also the online death threats grew. Hunters promised to "execute" pedals, and in 201
Photos of a chain-lined bear were released. Officials confirmed that they were probably pedals because the front paws were damaged. The fire in the animal's chest also fitted.
The Internet changed. His thousands of fans have set up commemorative pages on Facebook to raise awareness of his death and gain justice. But officials said Pedals was a wild black bear in an area where hunting was allowed – and he was one of 561 bears shot alone this week. 
9 A bulletproof memorial
Emmet Till was murdered in 1955 after visiting the Mississippi family. Throughout history, a white woman claimed the black 14-year-old flirted with her. Subsequently, her brother and husband tortured her and shot Till in the head. The hitting made him unrecognizable. The family only knew that it was Till because he wore a signet ring.
The boy's murder became an important factor in the civil rights movement, and in 2007 a commemorative plaque was affixed to the place where his body had been taken from the Tallahatchie River. One year later someone ran away with the sign. It remains missing.
Shortly afterwards a replacement was erected. But by 2018 it had been shot over 100 times. The damaged monument was replaced a third time, and within 35 days, the vandals willing to withdraw withdrew. 
The shield fell again. A fourth will be published at the end of 2019. This time the shield is made of reinforced steel and virtually bulletproof.
8 Germany's monument to the greatest crime
In 2005, Germany did this No other country had ever done anything. It opened a monument to his biggest crime in his capital. The realization of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, which is located near the German parliament building, lasted 17 years.
When the first proposals were submitted, the then Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl rejected the winning draft. Until Kohl resigned and moved the capital from Bonn to Berlin, the project was revived by officials. However, when the public learned that Degussa had been commissioned to protect the monument against graffiti, it was hampered. This was the same company that supplied gas to Nazi extermination camps.
When the day finally started up again, the Jewish designer was fooled for mocking a dentist who pulled his gold teeth – a cruelty that was violent in the camps. The monument was finally opened and ended the hard journey. It was visited by Holocaust survivors and Jewish and German leaders. 
7 Memory of racism
Not all monuments bring people together. An example is a museum that opened in 2018. It shares the inhabitants of Montgomery, Alabama. In 2018, the Legacy Museum was opened. It was the country's first monument to black lynch victims and told their stories. Outside, statues of handcuffed slaves greeted the visitors.
The grand opening attracted many, but the locals bubbled. Many whites – and even Indians – felt that the museum was causing old tensions. Residents also felt that they had never committed the atrocities, but had to confront the rage and backlash the museum may cause. Others thought it was a waste of money, tearing up old wounds rather than allowing for healing.
Not all residents agreed. They welcomed the Legacy Museum as part of the history of the South so that their children could remember what their ancestors had experienced. Perhaps too optimistic, they said, as one woman said, "everyone will appreciate that." 
6 The REDress Project
The Canadian artist Jaime Black is part of the Metis tribe. She participated in a conference on the problems of the indigenous peoples and a speaker spoke about missing and murdered indigenous people (MMIW).
The statistics were staggering. In 2016, 5,712 Native American and Alaskan-missing women were missing, but only 116 were officially recorded in the US Department of Justice's missing person database. About 84 percent of Native American and Indigenous women in Alaska are also exposed to violence. Nobody knows the actual number of victims because the funds are missing.
As an artist, Black had a simple yet powerful way to show her grief. She took 35 red dresses – conspicuous without women – and hung them up where people could see them.
Her exhibition was shown across Canada. In 2019, the eighth year of the memorial, the red dresses on the square of the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian staggered. 
Private persons began to hang up red clothes and move Congress reached. Those who support the project hope that the resulting awareness will accelerate the adoption of new laws to make the display of crime against indigenous people more effective.
5 The Death Of Ok
When Vikings plundered in Iceland they thought the Okjokull Glacier was a dead troll. Also known as "Ok", the ice giant 2014 officially lost its fight against climate change. He had melted so much that he could no longer be classified as a glacier.
As the first glacier biting the dust, the occasion was marked with a plaque. In 2019, scientists from the US and Iceland forged the simple plaque and placed it on a majestic height that Ok had once reached. A ceremony in August revealed his message. It was aimed at people who live in the future. The words are:
Ok is the first Icelandic glacier to lose its status as a glacier. For the next 200 years, all our glaciers will go the same way. This memorial is meant to acknowledge that we know what happens and what needs to be done. Only you know if we made it. 415ppm C02. 
At the far end, the current proportion of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere was measured, the highest ever measured in human history.
4 The Monument Goop
US monuments become slimy. In Washington, DC, the National Parks Service can not fully explain or stop the phenomenon. Since the Goop is poorly understood, it is referred to by all as a "biofilm".
This will remain the generic term until the substance can be properly identified. At the moment, all scientists know for sure that microorganisms are responsible and that these tiny colonies were first discovered in 2006.
The mucus was not a small problem. It rampantly transforms major US monuments of white marble into black. These include the Thomas Jefferson Memorial, the Lincoln Memorial and several gravestones at the Congress Cemetery. 
The understanding of biofilm is crucial for the preservation of monuments. That could prove difficult, unfortunately. Nobody really knows how it spreads, why it likes monuments or how to find a cost-effective treatment to curb the mucus.
3 Project Capsula Mundi
Dying is no longer environmentally friendly. Both traditional and incinerator practices release toxic chemicals, memorial parks occupy large areas of land, and their lawns require large amounts of water and pesticides.
The Capsula Mundi project could be the answer. Two Italian designers had the idea of feeding people to trees. Instead of clearing land for graveyards, burials could become forests.
That's how it works. Instead of a casket or urn, an egg-shaped pod holds the body or the ashes. The pod is then buried under a tree in the ground. Eventually, the biodegradable shell dissolves. The person becomes compost and a rich source of nutrients for the tree. 
Although eggs are probably cheaper than traditional burials, people who want their own memorial tree to wait for natural burials are legalized in many countries. This includes Italy, where this idea was born.
2 Hawking's Time-Traveling Mourner
When famous physicist Stephen Hawking died in 2018, tickets were available. Those wishing to attend their memorial service can join a raffle online and win one in 1,000 tickets. Applicants soon realized that something strange was going on.
In the drop-down menu, in which they had to enter their age, there was the possibility to mark the year of birth between 2019 and 2038. The Stephen Hawking Foundation admitted that it invited unborn people. Hawking firmly believed in time travel and even hosted a party for future people.
Although no one from the future showed up for the party, no one could refute the possibility that the crowds attending his funeral at Westminster Abbey had time travelers participating. 
1 Diamonds From The Dead
In burials, cremation is a popular choice. It will not only eclipse burials, but the ashes will also provide a unique opportunity to remember a loved one.
The human body contains a lot of carbon. Diamonds are made from crystallized carbon. It was not long before an entrepreneurial spirit made the connection between diamonds and the dead.
From 2019, at least five companies will transform cremated remains into a commemorative diamond. The industry leader Algordanza in Switzerland has already sold around 1,000 of the body stones in 33 countries.
The process starts with a sufficient amount of ash, from which the carbon is extracted and purified. It is then placed in a growing cell with a tiny diamond that initiates crystallization. The carbon converts to graphite and is then exposed to extraordinary heat and pressure for up to eight weeks. 
The result is a rough diamond, but customers have the opportunity to have the gemstone faceted by a jeweler in Switzerland.