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10 enigmatic universal myths that continue to fascinate us

We all have an inner longing that requires answers to our basic questions. Where do we come from? Why are we here? Where are we going and what is our purpose? In most cases, myths are obviously metaphorical and completely unimaginable. Others can be found in different societies that are completely separate from one another, where the similarities in the reports are so different that they suggest a common historical basis. The following myths all led to controversial hypotheses and theories that added puzzles and wonders to our united consciousness.

10. Period

In the 17th century Archbishop Ussher claimed that the world was 4004 BC. Chr. and would exist for 6000 years until the final battle against the Antichrist – which led to the 1000-year rule of the saints and then finally to the end. Nostradamus used this chronology and claimed that 1999 was the beginning of the end time.

In the mythical tradition, time is irregular, complicated and recurring. The Mayans thought that time had a seasonal or cyclical rhythm and the Celts believed that it ran at different speeds in different areas. This mythical understanding of time is supported by modern cosmology. English astronomer Fred Hoyle, however, claims that the idea of ​​time as a constantly moving stream is "a grotesque and absurd illusion" that everything was, will be and always has been. According to him, the sense of past, present and future is an illusion.

9. Astrology

The night sky is a portrait painted by myths. We all know our “zodiac signs”, which consist of 12 constellations. Few people know that the 12 symbols or characters on which we would like to plan our future are only part of the 88 identified constellations .

The oldest astronomical / astrological records (it was the same in those days) that survived are those of the Chaldeans, who watched the sky every night to look for omens and clues to their fate, more than 2000 years before the Roman . Modern layoffs of the role that these constellations play in our future have not ended mythical identification with the celestial bodies and will probably never do so.

8. Curses

What we know from today's myths and legends is that curses are thrown at another person either by the gods or by lesser human priests and witch doctors or by a person who is wrong. In any case, intentional damage or death is intended. The most famous curse is found in the Bible when the snake is cursed to seduce Eve followed by the curse of Adam and Eve, which leads to the teachings of the Fall of Man.

In most Eastern beliefs, however, the curse is our inability to see through illusions. Today a curse should only work if the victim believes it. The Hamitian hypothesis states that Ham (along with his son Canaan), Noah's son, was cursed after exposing his drunken father to his brothers. According to the hypothesis, they were "drawn" by the shadow of their skin and became the ancestors of the black race – the curse explains all the suffering that the black race has suffered over the centuries.

7. Supernatural beings

The belief in supernatural beings is ancient. Where demons want to hurt us, angels offer protection, guidance and religious insight. The names of the great archangels are known to Muslims and Christians alike. All over the world, people have seen brightly winged people. In Fatima, Portugal in 1917 shepherd children met a beautiful young woman who claimed to be from heaven. Subsequent visions led to a crowd of 70,000 people who witnessed the sun's sunset . T Today the event is commonly known as the "Miracle of the Sun".

Mass healings followed in this and other similar events. Scientists have attributed the events to mass hysteria, but another controversial theory claims that these events (like those in ancient times) were in fact close encounters with extraterrestrials or UFOs. Regardless of the environment or the circumstances, the visit of winged messengers remains.

6. Dying Gods

Examples of gods who die and then return to life are most often from the ancient Near Eastern religions. Practices inspired by them include biblical and Greco-Roman myths and Christianity in a broader sense. The characteristics of the archetype are that her birth is announced by a star. As children that they teach their teachers, they predict their death and return after their death.

The dying gods of the Middle East are usually sought by their wives or sister and are revived or restored . It has been hypothesized that religion fills a void and that we have created it to feel more secure in a world that appears to provide more questions than answers.

5. The Flood Myths

Traditions of the myth of a worldwide flood or deluge can be found worldwide . Typically, they agree that the whole world has been flooded, that the event (though intended) was sudden and that the few survivors built arks, rafts, or other ships that God (or the gods) had warned of. The best known account is the biblical story of Noah.

The corresponding topics are global – arks and rafts are mostly built on plateaus, and sin caused the flood. Equally strange is the broad agreement about the details (such as the size of the raindrops and hailstones and the heat of the deluge). From Deucalion and Pyrrha in Greek mythology to Pralaya in Hinduism and Belgermir in Nordic mythology, it is now generally accepted that the global flood was not a mythical but an actual historical event.

4. Megalithic myths

Usually there are two types of megalithic myths: firstly, the myths of the mysterious and supernatural powers of the building owners / designers and secondly, the mystical or magical properties of the stones. Britain and Egypt host the most famous but they can be found all over the world.

After being associated with healing, fertility, giants and the devil, renewed interest emerged when science entered. It became clear that these stones worked as giant calendars, with individual stones marking the seasons or the movement of the sun and the moon. The most interesting speculation about her came from a man named Paul Devereux. He claimed that UFOs are terrestrial emanations associated with errors in the megalithic system and they directly access our brain because they are electromagnetic.

3. Omen

The belief in omens, events or objects that warn us of good or evil that could come to us has existed since time immemorial. The druids searched for omen in the flight of birds and in Ireland every sound, position or movement of domesticated ravens has a different connotation. Omens are also attracted to different cultures from the direction of the flames, the howling of the dogs, the shapes of the tree roots, the condition of the guts, and even the way sandals fall when thrown.

At the center of these myths is the view that everything is connected. Jung argued that the collective unconscious knows all things – which implies that the view may not be so absurd.

2. Creation Myths

There are three basic questions about how the earth, the cosmos and all life were created. How did something come out of nowhere? How was it created and how was the natural order of all minerals, plants, animals and human kingdoms created? The theories range from the modern "Big Bang" to the older and even old approaches.

In most myths, the elements are preferred – they claim that air, wind, fire, and sometimes vibrations did everything. Another very common topic are the creation legends " World Tree" which can be found from Africa to Tonga. These are usually rooted in paradise and all life springs from it, or it can be connected to dimensions and different created worlds. The most subtle myths imply that there is no beginning and no end, that everything is in balance and that everything is as it should be.

1. Afterlife

It is believed in all parts of the world that the individual soul / spirit survives death. This belief goes back to 80,000 BC. BC since Neanderthal burials would indicate that they too were preparing for life after death. From the Christian belief in heaven and hell to the Tibetan Book of the Dead, which advises the newborn how to avoid rebirth, the belief remains despite the lack of evidence.

Aside from religious beliefs about what happens to the soul after a person's death, there are many interesting theories. Edmund Fournier d'Albe was one of the first researchers to hypothesize afterlife and claimed that after death, the soul leaves the body and is exposed to the sun's ultraviolet rays in another area of ​​the body Earth's atmosphere lives. Others say that the soul is in a dream world or that only the mind lives on and becomes part of the collective consciousness.

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