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10 brilliant black women you did not learn about in Black History Month



Schools in the United States have reserved the month of February for storytelling as it pertains specifically to African Americans, their impact on sociopolitical events and their contribution to society as a whole. Every kid who grew up in America knows Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., but there were thousands of amazing people who fought for civil rights and did wondrous things for humanity.

The real unsung heroes in American history are not just African Americans; they are African-American women, often reclining against the services of men. Here are ten amazing women you probably never learned anything during Black History Month, in any particular order.

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Diane Nash

Diane Nash was born in 1938 in Chicago, Illinois, where she was far removed from the disturbing segregation that prevailed in the South. She planned to become a nun in honor of her Catholic education, but that changed when she attended Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. There she saw and experienced segregation for the first time under the banner of the Jim Crow Laws when she was forced to use a "colored women" toilet for the first time in her life. This event changed her, and she gave up her plans and became a full-time civil rights activist. [19459011[1]

She joined the civil rights movement and was instrumental in integrating lunch tables via sit -ins. She also participated in the Freedom Riders and assisted in the desegregation of interstate travel. She founded the Coordinating Committee for Non-Violent Students and worked on the Selma Sentence Movement, which helped drive the adoption of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. Their efforts helped make millions of African Americans eligible to vote in the United States.

9 Ella Baker

Ella Baker was a civil rights activist born in Norfolk, Virginia in 1903. Years of her life, she worked behind the scenes alongside some of the movement's biggest names. Baker had been organizing events for years for Thurgood Marshall, Martin Lither King Jr., and many others, but her influence was also great for those she supervised. Baker has had many mentees over the years, including the aforementioned Diane Nash, Bob Moses and Rosa Parks.

Baker was the chief adviser and strategist of the Coordinating Committee for Nonviolent Students and was designated as one of the most important African American leaders of the 20th century. In her own words, she described why she was not as well-known as her colleagues: "They did not see me on TV. You have not seen any news about me. The type of role I tried to play was to pick up pieces or put together pieces that I hoped would make the organization possible. My theory is strong people do not need strong leaders. [2]

8 Katherine Johnson

When people think back to the beginnings of NASA and the Apollo missions, they tend to focus on the men who take over Enter the moon. There's nothing wrong with that – they've made amazing scores of daring explorations, but they would never have succeeded unless Katherine Johnson had worked. Johnson worked for NASA as a mathematician, who computed complex rotating mechanics. Their manual calculations of complex equations enabled astronauts and engineers to launch a rocket, land men on the moon, and bring them home safely. [3]

Your work started earlier NASA even existed and helped the Mercury program compute trajectories and launch windows. She has been instrumental in launching the Space Shuttle program and has provided much information and expertise for NASA's various missions on Mars. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama in 2015, she was a protagonist in the 2016 Hidden Figures [Hidden Figures] which focused on female mathematicians making space travel possible.

7 Septima Poinsette Clark

Septima Poinsette Clark was born in 1898 in Charleston, South Carolina. She grew up as a prominent civil rights activist focused on literacy and the education of children. Their conviction was that the civil rights movement followed the path that said "knowledge can empower marginalized groups in a way that could not be achieved through formal legal equality." Due to their focus on education, they were turned to other civil rights activists, including Dr. King, attentively she called "the mother of the movement".

Although she was a prominent figure who played a key role in the movement, her work was not appreciated by some prominent leaders. This was the result of gender inequality that was going on not only throughout American society, but also within the civil rights movement itself. Its impact on the movement was centered on founding "Citizenship Schools," the adults in the Deep South To teach reading. The spread of literacy throughout the American South helped to promote the movement, affecting thousands of people. [19459011[4]

6 Esther Jones

At the height of their fame, most people in Harlem knew who Esther Jones, also known as "Baby Esther", was. Jones regularly played at the Cotton Club, where she entertained the masses with her unmistakable "baby talk" style. She took Helen Kane's "I want to be loved by you" with multiple uses of the words "boo-boo-boo" and "boop-boop-a-doop". You might be familiar if you've seen or heard the famous cartoon character from the 1930s called Betty Boop. Although she tends to look like a white woman, she was directly inspired by Jones.

Jones's story is common in African-American history, as her likeness and vocal style were appropriated without her consent. Kane filed a lawsuit against Fleischer Studios, claiming that the character was a deliberate caricature of her work, but the process ruled that Baby Esther was responsible for the "baby" style of singing, which was the original inspiration for Boop. Jones never got the money or fame she deserved when she was still alive, and has since become known as Betty Boop's "Black Grandmother." [5]

5 Mary Kenner

Mary Kenner was born and raised in Monroe. North Carolina, where she grew up as an inventor. She found an early love for the discovery of her father, which led her to become the inventor of the medical belt. Her device inspired modern menstrual blocks, which, however, were left without a patent for 30 years due to racial prejudice. [6] The company she originally intended to sell mocked the sale when it became known that Kenner was an African-American woman. Today, versions of their invention are sold to hundreds of millions of women, regardless of race or connoisseur.

In the course of her life Kenner invented numerous devices, which are today widespread all over the world. All in all, she was granted five patents for household items and personal effects, including a toilet roll holder that stored the next handkerchief outside the box, a carry-on accessory for a disabled walker, and a rear washer shower screen and bath. She never made much money with her inventions and instead hoped to make life easier for people.

4 Marian Anderson

Marian Anderson was a prominent singer born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1897. During the early 20th century, many talented African-American performers were present, and Anderson is considered the first black man to perform Performed in 1955 at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. Her rise to fame became the riot of racial persecution and segregation. In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution prohibited her from performing at the Constitution Hall in Washington, DC, as the audience was integrated.

The incident also brought the international community to their talents, as did some prominent Americans. Eleanor Roosevelt recognized her abilities and helped bring Anderson to Washington to give an open-air concert on Easter Sunday 1939 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. [7] The integrated audience was attended by more than 75,000 spectators with millions of viewers listening to their radios. Her accomplishments earned her numerous awards throughout her life, helping to pave the way for other talented African-American musicians performing in a divided nation.

3 Claudette Colvin

While most people in the United States and the surrounding countryside know the name Rosa Parks, far less know it from another pioneer civil rights movement called Claudette Colvin. Nine months before Parks refused to give up her seat, Colvin did so at the age of fifteen in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested and the following year became one of five plaintiffs who had risen against Montgomery's Buses laws. Browder v. Chr. Gayle went all the way to the Supreme Court in 1956. Colvin was the last person to testify in the case that eventually declared the Alabama laws unconstitutional. [19659002] She was not recognized by many black leaders in the movement because she was so young. She was also unmarried and pregnant, and had no civil education, but she was not averse to not being recognized in the same way Parks did: "I'm not disappointed. Let people know that Rosa Parks was the right person for the boycott. Let them know that the lawyers have brought four more women to the Supreme Court to end the law that led to the end of segregation. "

2 Ida B. Wells

Ida B. Wells was born slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi, in 1862. She was freed during the Civil War on the Emancipation Proclamation and became the age of 16 Providers of their family when their parents fell ill with yellow fever. Eventually, she became a teacher in Memphis, Tennessee, where she co-authored a journal called Memphis Free Speech and Headlight – the first of many important publications she would put her name on. As an investigative journalist, she became a prominent figure following numerous lynch matches in the United States. [9]

This brought out the wrath of the Whites, who wanted to intimidate them by destroying their newspaper office and printing house, but that only urged them to take further action. She moved to Chicago, Illinois, and became one of the most open African American activists in the burgeoning women's election movement. She helped set up the National Association for the Advancement of the Colored Population (NAACP) in 1909 by becoming one of the "founding members" (40), helping to ignite the flame that would eventually become the civil rights movement in America.

1 Dr Mae Jemison

Mae Carol Jemison was born in Decatur, Alabama, in 1956, but moved to Chicago with her family at the age of three, where she could receive better education. This training has done her good, because she is known for being the first African American woman to travel into space. She was part of the crew of the Space Shuttle Endeavor on September 12, 1992. All in all, she spent 190 hours, 30 minutes, and 23 seconds in space, but this was hardly the only amazing accomplishment her life. Before joining the NASA Astronaut Corps, she spent two years with the Peace Corps, where she completed her training as a medical doctor in Liberia and Sierra Leone. [10]

. She remained with NASA until 1993 when she left to found a company that explored the application of technology in everyday life. Her work with NASA brought her an appearance in an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation in which she played Lieutenant Palmer. She has nine honorary doctorates (in addition to her doctorate) in engineering, science, letters and humanities.



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