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10 bizarre people behind everyday words

Language is one of the few secrets of immortality. There are hundreds of people, whether you know it or not, that the average speaker has saved from being forgotten. They live on in words. A word that comes from a person's name is called an eponym. Some of the surviving namesakes were less than tasty characters. Here are 10 of the stranger lives behind the eponyms.

See also: 10 popular symbols with a strange ironic origin

10 Candido Jaccuzzi

The common word:

Jacuzzi. Come and enjoy the boiling jets of a hot tub. Immerse yourself in the warm water and let these problems hover at the height of luxury. Jacuzzi is an abbreviation for every model of a whirlpool. It is a fitting namesake for a family that was constantly in hot water.

The unusual life:

Candido Jacuzzi had no time to relax. Italy was a bad place at the beginning of the First World War, especially for a pacifist. His father Giovanni ordered the family to flee to America. The war proved to be a great advantage for the peaceful family. Rachele, the eldest son, started designing planes to help with war efforts, such as the Jacuzzi J-7. During a catastrophic test flight of his brothers' planes, Giocondo Jacuzzi and three others crashed near Yosemite. The dreams of an aviation empire died that day with everyone on board.

The Jacuzzi family was economically ruined. In 1925, Rachele started inventing a new water pump. However, Rachele never had the opportunity to demonstrate the true potential of the pump. Rachele died of a heart attack in 1937. His younger brother Candido finally took control of the business.

In 1943, Candido's little son Ken developed a terrible sore throat. The disease mutated into a whole-body case of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. To reduce swelling, Candido uses a "hydrotherapy" regime. Bathing in warm water minimized his son's condition. Because of these catastrophic events, the hot tub was born. [1]

9 James Thomas Brudenell

The ordinary word:

Cardigan. The Fred Rogers sweater is one of the coziest pieces of clothing on the market. Bundled in a cardigan with a cup of hot cocoa, you have visions of plums rather than dozens of senseless deaths in the fight.

The unusual life:

Sir Alfred Lord Tennyson immortalized one of the greatest military fiasco of the Crimean War in his most famous poem "The Charge of the Light Brigade". Describing the cavalry soldiers' futile intent with the iconic stanza, Tennyson wrote, "They have no answer, no reason, but do and die." Nowhere does Tennyson mention how fashionable the massacre was.

The man who was mainly responsible for the devastating failure was James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan. Brudenell should order his troops to attack a retreating battery. Due to poor communication, he instructed his forces to attack a fully protected battery instead. The frontal attack was catastrophic. 118 of the 666 soldiers died from Brudenell's mistakes. During the battle it was seen how he wore a forerunner of the buttoned knit vest who finally bore his name. [2]

8 Charles Richter

The usual expression:

The Richter scale. Seismologists no longer rely on the Richter scale as before. It is still a pervasive feature of any earthquake reporting. The Richter scale measures strength and quantifies the extent of damage caused during an earthquake. Charles Richter had a shaky life of his own.

The unusual life:

Charles Richter was a man of science and science fiction. If he didn't measure tectonic errors, he almost always watched Star Trek. As an avid trekkie, Richter recorded detailed summaries of all adventures aboard the Starship Enterprise. Not surprisingly, a geologist was interested in other planets.

Richter's other hobby was much more surprising. Together with his wife Lillian, Richter was an advocate of nudism. Together, they wandered through San Francisco in little more than their boots. This open mind led to sexual experiments. Aside from the many women with whom he cheated on his wife, the evidence suggests that he had an incestuous relationship with his sister. His wife already had bisexual affairs of her own. [3]

7 Alec Hoag

The common expression:

Smart Aleck. Smart alecks are too smart for their own good without being so smart from the start. The insult is repulsive to those who think they know everything. The real Alec probably wished he was a little smarter.

The Unusual Life:

Alec Hoag was a well-known criminal in New York in the 19th century. Hoag's wife Melinda dressed up as a prostitute. While the underpants were obviously distracted, Alec trudged through their pockets. Since Melinda was easily identified to keep the business going, the police received part of the profits from the stolen goods.

Hoag improved his plan with a game called "Das Brettspiel". In the middle of a tryst, Alec took the valuables out of the discarded clothes of the unsuspecting brand. Then he stormed into the room and accused the man of having slept with his wife. The adulterer took her clothes and fled without thinking about the missing items.

Eventually, Hoag did enough that he believed he no longer needed law enforcement assistance. They did not agree. Alec and Melinda were quickly arrested. The police mocked him and ironically called him "clever Alec". The sentence appeared in the lexicon shortly afterwards. [4]

6 Joseph Pilates

The ordinary word:

Pilates. Now the perfect exercise for housewives dressed in LuLu Lemon to burn brunch mimosa calories. The training that Instagram influencers preferred was not originally intended to lose weight, but to survive in internment camps. The cultural phenomenon that results from torture interprets "no pain, no gain" much darker.

The Unusual Life:

At the beginning of the First World War, the British government was suspicious of young German residents. To control the immigrant population, the British arrested many of them and put them in camps on the Isle of Man. One of these camps, Knockaloe, interned 23,000 prisoners. The conditions were bleak. Many inmates reported “barbed wire disease,” a mental fatigue similar to depression.

Joseph Pilates thought he had the cure for his fellow inmates' blues. Pilates was a strong boxer before the war and believed that sport could strengthen German determination. He reconfigured the bed frames and built a rudimentary training computer. The apparatus stretched and built muscle even when it was in bed. After the war the Pilates equipment was Cadillac. His product worked. None of the inmates using Pilates equipment died during the 1918 influenza outbreak. After a successful trip through America, Pilates became a guru for healthy nuts around the world. [5]

5 Franz Mesmer

The usual phrase:

Hypnotize. The enchanting enchantment that one receives from the great joys of life, such as the embrace of a lover, a colorful sunset or a taco bell crunchwrap, means hypnotically every hypnotic feeling now. The term initially referred to a doctor's pseudo-medical fraud.

The unusual life:

In 1778, King Louis XVI. A problem. His royal court was full of aristocrats who were carried over by the bizarre term "animal magnetism", an idea that all bodies were permeated with an inner force. When internal fluids shed power, the patient becomes sick. If the rods were placed correctly, the liquids were realigned. The only doctor who could align the fluids correctly was Franz Mesmer.

Mesmer simply tore off the delusions and the rich. King Louis hired a real man of science, the famous polymath Benjamin Franklin, to end the scam. In an experiment, Franklin led a 12-year-old boy to four trees that were said to be magnetized by Mesmer's poles. The boy put his hand on each suitcase and reported when he felt something. In the fourth tree, he was overwhelmed by the energy of the plant. Franklin then revealed that none of the trees were magnetized. Animal magnetism was all in their minds. When Franklin published their results, Mesmer's empire was over. [6]

4 Ernesto Miranda

The ordinary phrase:

The Miranda Warning. Switch over to a television station and at some point you will hear a police officer arrest a perpetrator while reading their Miranda rights to them. The best known line is the introductory few words: "You have the right to remain silent." Other safeguards include "the right to a lawyer" and the guarantee that "a lawyer will be provided for you".

The Unordinary Life:

On March 13, 1963, Ernesto Miranda stole $ 8. Miranda was the type of person who stole $ 8 and couldn't afford a lawyer. Miranda was alone for several hours when the police questioned him. Under the stress, Miranda confessed to the theft and independent kidnapping and rape of an 18-year-old mentally disabled woman. Because of his confession, Miranda was sentenced to 20 years in prison. The Supreme Court dismissed the conviction on the grounds that Miranda's insufficient knowledge of the law combined with the compulsory nature of the interrogation invalidated the admission.

Ernesto Miranda was tried again. Evidence alone shows his involvement in the rape. He served 11 years in prison. In 1976 Miranda was stabbed in a bar fight. He died at the age of 34. After that, Miranda was silent forever. In an ironic twist, the alleged murderer referred to his Miranda rights while in custody. Never accused of murder, the suspect fled to Mexico. [7]

3 Melvil Dewey

The usual expression:

The Dewey decimal system. The Dewey decimal system divides holdings by subject and helps libraries organize their holdings so that they are easily accessible. It is a system that uses math to organize books. It is not a very interesting sentence. The man he was named after was interesting, but for far worse reasons.

The Unusual Life:

Melvil Dewey was a serial sex offender. Unlike other librarians, Dewey hired women to work in his libraries. He created a toxic environment by feeling and pressing his two female assistants openly in front of their colleagues. In 1905 four women came forward with harassment. The details of the allegations are unclear, but they led to his suspension from the American Library Association, an organization he worked on.

In the following years, several women came forward with further abuse stories. Statements collected by a famous Los Angeles librarian, Tessa Kelso, showed that not even Dewey's own daughter-in-law was prohibited. She had to move to stop his unwanted progress. To no longer celebrate a man who has done so much damage, libraries have begun to strip his names of awards and his acclaimed system. It's time to close the book on Dewey. [8]

2 Hans Asperger

The usual word:

Asperger syndrome. Regarding highly functioning members of the autistic spectrum, people with Asperger's syndrome generally have developmental problems with social interaction. For someone who is synonymous with intellectual disability in children, Hans Asperger has done great harm to children with intellectual disabilities.

The unusual life:

As a pediatrician in Vienna in the 1930s and 40s, Asperger & # 39; s was swept up in the rise of National Socialism. Although Asperger was never actually a member of the NSDAP, he acted with the same anti-Semitism that was associated with the regime. He supported eugenics and racial sterilization. He scolded his Jewish patients because he thought they were racially unclean.

His relationship to National Socialism was not purely ideological. He coordinated with the party at least twice to send children with disabilities to euthanasia centers. In 1941 Asperger recommended the notorious Am Spiegelgrund to three-year-old Herta Schreiber and five-year-old Elisabeth Schreiber for a so-called “permanent job”. Over 800 children were executed during the existence of Spiegelgrund. Herta and Elisabeth Schreiber were among these victims. On another occasion, Asperger was on a committee that approved the sending of another 35 children to Spiegelgrund, as these were “not available”. This euphemism obscures the obvious fact that they would not return from these camps. [9]

1 Henry Heimlich

The usual phrase:

The Heimlich maneuver. Henry Heimlich is one of the few people who became famous for blocked airways. His eponymous technique of thrusting up on the stomach to remove items that obstruct breathing is a basic practice of modern first aid. Secretly, however, it wasn't always in business to save lives.

The Unusual Life:

With the popularity he received after his breakthrough technology, Heimlich began to defraud members of the Hollywood elite. Stars like Jack Nicholson, Ron Howard, Bob Hope, Ted Danson and Amy Irving have all donated to his foundation. Her money was responsible for Heimlich's controversial practice of infecting AIDS victims with malaria. His thoroughly unscientific justification was that malaria fever could destroy the effects of HIV. Outside of peer supervision, Heimlich conducted studies in Mexico, China, and Ethiopia. The results have not been published.

Recently, the Heimlich maneuver's track record as a life-saving instrument has been questioned. Secretly petitioned the American Red Cross for years to publicize his technique for CPR among drowning victims. The late acceptance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to Heimlich's ineffective maneuver likely contributed to an undetectable number of deaths. Henry's estranged son, Peter, has openly described his father as a fraud that fabricates the successful rate of the maneuver. The American Red Cross no longer advocates the maneuver as the first answer. Instead, they support giving victims of suffocation five firm blows on the back. [10]

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