Ernest Hemingway was a titan of 20th-century literature, which transformed his experiences in several wars into moving stories such as A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls . The avid athlete also called his love of nature to produce bittersweet metaphorical works such as Big Two-Hearted River and the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Old Man and the Sea . Here are 10 facts about the writer Papa, who was born on July 21, 1899.
. 1 Ernest Hemingway received the Italian Silver Medal of Valor and a Bronze Star.
Hemingway was an ambulance driver in Italy during the First World War, and on 8 July 1
. 2 Ernest Hemingway was also charged with war crimes – and acquitted.
After D-Day on June 6, 1944, when Hemingway, a civilian, was not allowed to disembark, he led a gang of resistance fighters in The French city of Rambouillet is charged with collecting information. The problem was that, according to the Geneva Convention, war correspondents should not lead armed troops. The Third Army Inspector General accused Hemingway of several serious crimes, including removing stains from his clothes identifying him as a journalist, storing weapons in his hotel room, and commanding a faction of resistance activists. Finally, he was freed from misconduct.
Hemingway always maintained that he had done nothing but act as a consultant. He wrote to The New York Times in 1951, stating that he "possesses some knowledge of guerrilla warfare and irregular tactics, as well as a rationale for a more formal war, and is ready and happy to work for it or to to be of use to anyone who gives me something to do within my means. "
. 3 Gertrude Stein was the godmother of Ernest Hemingway's son Jack.
Gertude Stein, a well-known modern American writer, moved to Paris in 1903 and regularly ran salons where famous personalities and artists of that time gathered. These included Pablo Picasso, Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald and a young Ernest Hemingway. Stein became the patron of Hemingway's first son Jack in 1923.
. 4 Ernest Hemingway was allegedly a KGB spy – but he was not very good at it.  When Collier sent the legendary war correspondent Martha Gellhorn to China in 1941, Hemingway accompanied her husband and submitted the shipment for PM . A Stalin-era KGB documentary (revealed in a 2009 book) shows that Hemingway may have been recruited as a willing, secret source just before the trip and was code-named "Argo." The documents also show that he has not delivered useful political information and were not trained for espionage and remained on the list of their active sources until the end of the decade.
. 5 Ernest Hemingway examined F. Scott Fitzgerald's penis in the men's room.
Hemingway arrested his life in Paris in his memoir book A Moving Fest and unveiled a notorious encounter with the Great Gatsby author in the book. Fitzgerald noted that his wife Zelda had mocked his masculinity by claiming he could not satisfy a lover. Hemingway suggested that he investigate himself. He took Fitzgerald to the bathroom of Michaud's, a popular restaurant in Paris, to examine his penis. Hemingway finally told his friend that his physical equipment was a normal size, and suggested that he look at some of the statues in the Louvre for approval.
. 6 One of Ernest Hemingway's best works was when he left luggage at the Ritz Hotel in Paris.
Speaking of A Moving Festival Hemingway wrote it later in life (it was posthumously published) after a year in 1956 staying at the Ritz Hotel in Paris, where he was reminded that he was a Louis Vuitton for 1930 he had left the steamer case made in the basement of the hotel. When he opened it, he discovered personal letters, menus, outdoor gear, and much more, two staples that formed the basis for the memory of his youth in Parisian coffee culture.
. 7 The famous "Baby Shoes" story is most likely a myth.
Oddly enough, a story many associate with Hemingway probably has nothing to do with it. Legend has it that one night while drinking, Hemingway bade some friends to write a six-word short story. Unbelievable, everyone put money on the table and Hemingway wrote on a napkin the words "For Sale: Baby Shoes, Never Worn." He won the bet. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that this ever happened. Some newspapers had printed versions of the six-word plot in the 1910s without appreciating Hemingway, and there are no records of its association with this formulation until 1991 (in a book on publishing), three decades after Hemingway's death.
8. Ernest Hemingway almost died in a plane crash.
In 1954, Hemingway and his fourth wife, Time and his life correspondent Mary Welsh vacationed in the Belgian Congo. Their sightseeing charter flight damaged a power pole and crashed. The next day, when they tried to reach the medical center in Entebbe, they boarded another plane that exploded at the start, leaving Hemingway with burns, a concussion, and leakage of cerebral fluid. When they finally came by truck to Entebbe, they found that journalists had already reported their deaths, so Hemingway could read his own obituaries.
. 9 Ernest Hemingway dedicated a book to each of his four wives.
Each time he divorced, Hemingway remarried during the year – but he always left something behind in print. The dedication for The Sun So Rises went to his first wife, Elizabeth Hadley Richardson; Death in the afternoon was dedicated to the second wife Pauline Pfeiffer; For whom Bell Tolls was for the third wife Martha Gellhorn; and Across the River and into the Trees went "With Love to Mary".
10th In Ernest Hemingway's house in Key West is a urinal from his favorite bar.
Hemingway wrote several iconic works, including To Have and Have Not at his home in Key West, Florida. Here he has also turned a urinal from a bar into a well. Local Hangout Sloppy Joe & # 39; s was a popular waterhole of the Iraqi author. When the place was renovated, Hemingway took one of the urinals as a souvenir and joked that he had already poured enough money to make it his own.