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10 African American Inventors Who Changed the World

In March 1789, U.S. Constitution was officially enacted and the Office of the United States was established. The following month, General George Washington was sworn in the first Commander-in-Chief and then then, 44 men have held the job (one in two non-consecutive terms, which is 45 presidencies total). Below is an interesting tidbit about each person who has been the highest office in the country.

1. George Washington

 George Washington with his family.

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

Not only George Washington known as the father of the country, he was also known as the "Father of the American Foxhound" a unique breed of foxhound called "Virginia Hounds."

2. John Adams

 John Adams

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John Adams signed a congressional act creating the United States Navy Band in 1798, which is now the oldest active professional musical organization in the United States. Known as the President's Own, they first played New Year's celebration at the president's house and, later, at Thomas Jefferson's inauguration.

3. Thomas Jefferson

 Portrait of Thomas Jefferson.


Thomas Jefferson offered to sell his personal library when the Library of Congress was burned by the British during the War of 1812. He sold them 6487 books from his own collection, the largest in America at the time.

4. James Madison

 James Madison

National Archives, Newsmakers

James and Dolley Madison were crazy for ice cream. They were at an ice house on the grounds of their Montpelier estate so they could enjoy ice cream and cold drinks all summer long, and they were serving bowls of oyster ice cream at official government functions.

James Monroe

 James Monroe

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

James Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth, attended Napoleon's coronation at Notre Dame Cathedral in 1804

, John Quincy Adams

 John Quincy Adams

Henry Guttmann, Hulton Archive / Getty Images

John Quincy Adams enjoyed skinny-dipping. Hey what's known to take 5 a.m. Plunges in the Potomac River as part of his morning exercise routine.

7. Andrew Jackson

 Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson despised banks and made his mission to defend the Second Bank of the United States (he succeeded). Thus, it seems particularly ironic that its portrait has been graced the $ 20 since 1929.

8. Martin Van Buren

 Martin Van Buren

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Born in New York in 1782, Martin Van Buren was the first president to have made the American Revolution, technically making him the first American born president. [ThesevenbeforehimwereallbornintheAmericancolonies)

9. William Henry Harrison

 William Henry Harrison

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Harrison kept a goat as his pet, but never bothered to name him. Hey he had a beloved cow he called Sukey.

10. John Tyler

 John Tyler

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John Tyler loved music and thought to be a violinist before deciding to follow his father's advice and study law. Often, he would play music at the White House and later in the year he is dedicated to perfecting his skills at violin and fiddle. In 2004, when he was sculpted in bronze as part of a Presidents' memorial in South Dakota, the artist included his violin in his statue.

11. James K. Polk

 James Polk

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

When he was 17, James Polk needed surgery to have some kidney stones removed. 30-some years.

12. He had some brandy to numb the pain but was awake for the entire procedure-anesthesia. Zachary Taylor

 Zachary Taylor and his horse, Old Whitey.

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

Zachary Taylor was a hero who beloved horse, Old Whitey, which is almost as popular as he was was-many times while the Steed was grazing on the White House lawn, visitors would approach him to pluck a hair from his tail for a souvenir.

13. Millard Fillmore

 Millard Fillmore

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

A pre-mature reader, Millard Fillmore

14. Franklin Pierce

 Franklin Pierce

National Archives, Newsmakers

Franklin Pierce had a number of nicknames, including "Handsome Frank," but likely the most embarrassing of what "Fainting Frank." As a brigadier general in the Mexican-American, he was sustained a great and knee injury during a battle in 1847 when he was thrown against the pommel of his horse. He only briefly passed out of the pain, but the nickname stuck around for life.

15. James Buchanan

James Buchanan “/>

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

Though James Buchanan was slated for marriage, he broke it off.

16. Abraham Lincoln

 Portrait of Abraham Lincoln


Before Abraham Lincoln found his "look" with his famous beard. One reporter referred to his "thatch of wild republican hair" with his "irregular flocks of thick hair carelessly brushed" across his face.

17. Andrew Johnson

 Andrew Johnson

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

In his day, Andrew Johnson was known as the best dressed president. Growing up, his mother sent him to apprentice with a tailor, and he made his own clothes and suits.

18. Ulysses S. Grant

 Ulysses S. Grant

Spencer Arnold, Getty Images

In an attempt to unite the North and South, Ulysses S. Grant made a Christmas holiday in 1870.

19. Rutherford B. Hayes

 Rutherford B. Hayes

National Archives, Newsmakers

The first Siamese cat to arrive in America is a gift to Hayes and his wife, Lucy, by the American Consul in Bangkok. Siam the cat landed at the White House in 1879 after traveling by ship to Hong Kong, then San Francisco, and then by train to Washington, D.C.

20. James A. Garfield

 James A. Garfield

National Archives, Newsmakers

As a child, James Garfield dreamed of being a sailor. [Read on] a number of nautical novels which fueled his imagination, but a teenage job towing barges what as close to a seafaring life as he saw.

21. Chester A. Arthur

 Chester Alan Arthur

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Chester A. Arthur oversaw a massive renovation of the White House and its private chambers. Arthur hired Louis C. Tiffany-Tiffany and Co.'s first design director and is most widely known for his work on stained glass-to-do-all-redesign. To help cover some of the costs, Arthur had 24 wagon-loads of old furniture, drapes, and other household items sold at auction.

22. Grover Cleveland

 Grover Cleveland circa 1885.

Hulton Archive / Getty Images

He was born Stephen Grover Cleveland, but dropped Stephen before he entered into politics. Hey what affectionately called "Uncle Jumbo" by his younger relative because he was nearly 6 feet tall and weighed about 270 pounds.

23. Benjamin Harrison

 Portrait of Benjamin Harrison.

Hulton Archive, Getty Images

Benjamin Harrison had a tight-knit family and loved himself amuse and dote on his grandchildren. White House Christmas tree in 1889, and what is known as Santa Suit for entertainment.

24. Grover Cleveland

 Portrait of Grover Cleveland


Grover Cleveland What the first (and only) U.S. President to serve non-consecutive terms, so make this list twice. Between them, he moved back to New York City, worked at a law firm, and gave birth to their famous first daughter, Baby Ruth.

25. William McKinley

 William McKinley

National Archives, Newsmakers / Getty

William McKinley had a double yellow-headed Amazon parrot named Washington Post who served in an official capacity as a white house greeter. The bird also knew the song "Yankee Doodle Dandy" -the president would whistle the first few notes, and then the Washington Post would finish the rest.

26. Theodore Roosevelt

 Theodore Roosevelt

Hulton Archive, Getty

For his official White House portrait, Theodore Roosevelt chose the famed French portraiture artist Theobald Chartran, who had a portrait of First Lady Edith Roosevelt. The New York Times reported Chartran before painting in 1903. "I never had a more restless or more charming sitter. " Roosevelt, however, hated the painting, and after hiding in a dark hall of the White House for years, he burned it.

27. William Howard Taft

 William Howard Taft

In 1910, William Taft became the first president to attend baseball's opening day and throw the ceremonial first pitch, a tradition that has been honored by nearly every president since (sans Carter and Trump, thus far).

28. Woodrow Wilson

 Woodrow Wilson

Tony Essex / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

Woodrow Wilson is among many. Presidents known for their love of golf. Wilson enjoyed daily rounds to stay in shape and relax, especially during World War I when he used black golf balls.

29. Warren G. Harding

 Warren G. Harding

Courtesy of the National Archives / Newsmakers

Warren G. Harding loved playing poker at the White House. Rumor has it even bet, and lost, to an entire set of official White House china.

30. Calvin Coolidge

 Calvin Coolidge

General Photographic Agency / Getty Images

Calvin Coolidge is the only president to have been born on that date.

31. Herbert Hoover

 Herbert Hoover

General Photographic Agency / Getty Images

The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson the first biography of a president written by another president.

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt

 Portrait of Franklin D Roosevelt and his wife, Eleanor, taken at the time of their engagement, circa 1903.

Portrait of Franklin D Roosevelt and his wife, Eleanor, taken at the time of their engagement , 1903

Keystone features / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

When Franklin married Eleanor Roosevelt in 1905, they chose the March 17 date because President Theodore Roosevelt would be in New York City for the St. Patrick's Day parade, Eleanor, his niece, down the aisle. FDR and TR were fifth cousins.

33. Harry S. Truman

 Harry Truman takes the oath of office in 1945; standing beside him, his wife, Bess, and daughter, Margaret.

Harry Truman takes the oath of office in 1945; Bess and Margaret.

Central Press / Getty Images

Though Harry Truman met his wife, Bess, in the fifth grade and they were high school sweethearts, they did not marry until they were in their mid-thirties.

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower

 Dwight D. Eisenhower in front of a WWII map.

Keystone / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

Even though Ike's military career spanned both worlds and made him one of only nine men who have ever attained the rank of five-star general, he never once saw active combat.

35. John F. Kennedy

 JFK during a campaign.

Keystone / Getty Images

JFK lived off of his family's trusts, so he donated all of his congressional and presidential salaries to charities like the United Negro College Fund and Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of America.

36. Lyndon B. Johnson

 Lyndon B. Johnson behind a podium.

Keystone / Getty Images

Lyndon Johnson had two beagles named Him and Her. The dogs became national celebrities after being frequently photographed with the president; They were heavily featured in a 1964 Life magazine profile that stated, "Not many dogs have taken to the White House lawn, get underfoot at a Cabinet meeting, or mingle with dignitaries at a state ball . "

37th Richard Nixon

 Richard Nixon playing the piano.

National Archives / Newsmakers

Nixon's mother encouraged him to play piano at an early age and went to violin, clarinet, saxophone, and accordion. In 1961, he even performed a song on The Jack Paar Program .

38. Gerald Ford

 Gerald Ford in 1934.

Michigan University / Getty Images

Ford attended the University of Michigan where he was a star football player. The team won national titles in both 1932 and '33 (Ford's sophomore and junior years). After graduation, he turned down offers to play with both the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers; Instead, he took a coaching job at Yale University because he was wanted to attend their law school.

39. Jimmy Carter

 Jimmy Carter

Hulton Archive / Getty Images

Jimmy Carter was known for his frugality, and he went as far as the presidential yacht. The USS Sequoia had been in use since the Hoover administration, but by 1977, it cost $ 800,000 a year in upkeep and staffing. Carter sold it for $ 236,000.

40. Ronald Reagan

 Ronald Reagan in 1965.

Warner Bros. / Courtesy of Getty Images

Ronald Reagan's last acting role. The film, 1964's The Killers which is based on Ernest Hemingway's story and what it was intended to make one of the first made-for-television movies. The network, as it was too violent for TV, so it was released in theater instead.

41. George H.W. Bush

 George H.W. Bush and wife Barbara Bush in November 1978.

George H.W. Bush and wife Barbara Bush in November 1978.

Dirck Halstead / Liaison

George and his wife, Barbara, met as teenagers in 1941 and were married just over two years later. They died within each other in 2018, and their 73-year marriage was the longest of any first couple. (The second-longest presidential marriage was that of John and Abigail Adams at 54 years.) Adams was the only other boy whose son held the job.)

42. Bill Clinton

 Bill Clinton enjoys a crossword puzzle

Bill Clinton enjoys crossword puzzles New York Times puzzle in 2017.

43. George W. Bush

 George W. Bush goes jogging with an injured army veteran.

President George W. Bush jogs with Army Staff Sergeant Christian Bagge, who lost his legs in Iraq, at the White House in 2006.

Matthew Cavanaugh-Pool, Getty Images

In 1993-two years before becoming the governor of Texas-George W. Bush ran the Houston marathon, finishing with a time of 3:44:52. He is the only president to marry.

44. Barack Obama

 Obama plays basketball with his staff.

President Barack Obama plays basketball with cabinet secretaries and members of Congress at the White House court in 2009.

Pete Souza, The White House via Getty Images

Barack Obama's love of basketball was well-documented during his presidency, but according to one of his high school teammates, he earned the nickname "Barry O'Bomber" because of all the tough shots he was known to take (and miss). [19659002] 45th Donald Trump

 Donald Trump

Peter Kramer / Getty Images

Donald Trump has made his name on the Trump-a bike race to the Tour de France-might be the oddest. It was called that for its first two years (1989-'90) before being renamed the Tour of DuPont for its final six years as an event.

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